WITH THE COURSE OF PRIMARY MEDICAL CARE

instruction: choose one correct answer

1 option

1. Of decisive importance for the diagnosis of bronchiectasis is:

a) fluorography;

b) bronchography;

c) chest X-ray;

d) determination of the respiratory function.

2. Cancer that affects the main, lobar and segmental bronchi is called:

a) peripheral;

b) central;

c) apical;

d) mediastinum.

3. Patient problem requiring urgent intervention:

a) subfebrile fever;

b) pulmonary bleeding;

c) dry cough;

d) severe weakness.

4. The reason for the development of rheumatism:

a) Escherichia coli;

b) beta-hemolytic streptococcus;

c) Helicobacter pylori;

d) Staphylococcus aureus.

5. In rheumatism, the following are more often affected:

a) small joints of the hand;

b) large and medium joints of the limbs;

c) small joints of the feet;

d) all joints.

6. When treating patients with cardiac glycosides, the nurse will monitor:

a) for blood pressure;

b) for the number of respiratory movements;

c) for the pulse and color perception;

d) for diuresis.

7. Independent nursing intervention for hypertensive crisis:

a) the introduction of lasix;

b) the imposition of venous tourniquets on the limbs;

c) setting mustard plasters on the back of the head;

d) the introduction of dibazol.

8. Independent nursing intervention for an angina attack:

a) give clonidine under the tongue;

b) prepare cardiac glycosides for administration;

c) give nitroglycerin under the tongue;

d) administer analgin to the patient.

9. Cardiogenic shock is characterized by:

a) the pulse is frequent, tense;

b) hyperemia of the skin, fever;

c) headache, vomiting, increased blood pressure;

d) pale, cold skin, thready pulse.

10. Nature of nursing interventions for syncope:

a) drink hot tea;

b) give oxygen with a defoamer;

c) bring a swab with ammonia to the nose;

d) introduce mezaton, cordiamine.

11. Medicinal plant that stimulates the secretory function of the stomach:

a) marshmallow;

b) wild rosemary;

c) elecampane;

d) plantain.

12. In case of stomach cancer, it is not indicated:

a) surgical treatment;

b) symptomatic therapy;

c) physiotherapy treatment;

d) chemotherapy treatment.

13. The degeneration of an ulcer into cancer is called:

a) penetration;

b) perforation;

c) malignancy;

d) metastasis.

14. A patient with peptic ulcer suddenly developed coffee grounds vomiting, weakness, dizziness, tachycardia. Name the emergency condition that developed in the patient:

a) pulmonary bleeding;

b) nosebleeds;

c) gastric bleeding;

d) hemorrhoidal bleeding.

15. Priority in the treatment of peptic ulcer belongs to such a group of drugs as:

a) analgesics;

b) vitamins;

c) H2-histamine receptor blockers;

d) enzymes.

16. Risk factors for cholelithiasis:

a) hereditary predisposition;

b) low content of dietary fiber in the diet;

c) the use of oral contraceptives;

d) all of the above.

17. A study to assess the size and structure of the liver:

a) ultrasonic scanning;

b) a survey picture of the abdominal cavity;

c) percussion;

d) auscultation.

18. Typical problem of a patient with pyelonephritis:

a) oliguria;

b) nocturia;

c) dysuria;

d) anuria.

19. Problems of a patient with CRF:

a) loss of appetite;

b) diarrhea;

c) skin itching;

d) all of the above.

20. In the treatment of acute pyelonephritis, the following are used:

a) ampicillin, nitroxoline;

b) corvalol, nitroglycerin;

c) dibazol, papaverine;

d) mezaton, cordiamine.

21. The position of the patient during renal colic:

a) with a raised head end;

b) rushes about, constantly changing position;

c) on the side, with the legs brought to the stomach;

d) with an inclination forward and an emphasis on the hand.

22. With glomerulonephritis, edema appears:

a) on the lower extremities in the evening;

b) on the lower extremities in the morning;

c) on the face in the morning;

d) on the lower back in the evening.

23. In endemic goiter, the level of thyroid hormones is usually:

a) increased;

b) within the normal range;

c) lowered.

24. Risk factors for the development of diabetes:

a) overweight;

b) hereditary predisposition;

c) the abuse of carbohydrates;

d) all of the above.

25. Priority problems of the patient with diabetes:

a) thirst, pruritus, polyuria;

b) swelling, back pain;

c) dry cough, shortness of breath;

d) memory loss, constipation.

26. A patient with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is in a hypoglycemic coma. Select independent nursing interventions:

a) massage of the liver and large muscles;

b) immediately call a doctor through a third party;

c) prepare for intravenous injection of 40% glucose solution;

d) all of the above.

27. In order to prevent lipodystrophy, a nurse should:

a) carefully observe asepsis when administering insulin;

b) massage the injection site;

c) alternate insulin injection sites;

d) Apply warm compresses to injection sites.

28. With leukemia in the blood test is observed:

a) leukocytosis, manifestation of blasts;

b) erythrocytosis, decrease in ESR;

c) thrombocytosis, accelerated ESR;

d) erythrocytosis, thrombocytosis.

29. Cause of chronic posthemorrhagic anemia:

a) radiation sickness;

b) peptic ulcer;

c) atrophic gastritis;

d) cholelithiasis.

30. B 12 -deficiency anemia by color index:

a) hypochromic;

b) hyperchromic;

c) normachromic.

31. In chronic leukemia, a patient can be diagnosed with:

a) anemia;

b) splenomegaly;

c) lymphadenopathy;

d) all of the above.

32. Deforming osteoarthritis belongs to the group of diseases:

a) infectious;

b) inflammatory;

c) metabolic-dystrophic;

d) autoimmune.

33. Deforming osteoarthritis is more common in:

what about children;

b) teenagers;

c) women over 40;

d) men under 40 years of age.

34. Allergens formed in one’s own body are called:

a) exoallergens;

b) endoallergens;

c) endorphins;

d) autoantibodies.

35. The essence of order No. 170 of ________ is the prevention of:

a) viral hepatitis;

b) measles rubella;

c) HIV infection;

d) nosocomial infection;

36. Hydrogen peroxide is used to sterilize instruments:

a) 6%;

b) 4%;

in 3%;

d) 1%.

37. Emergency care for an attack of bronchial asthma:

a) aspirin;

b) berotek;

c) nitroglycerin;

d) papaverine.

38. Autoclave glove sterilization mode:

a) pressure 2 atm, 45 min;

b) pressure 2 atm, 10 min;

c) pressure 1.1 atm, 45 min;

d) pressure 0.5 atm, 20 min.

39. To prepare 1 liter of a 3% solution of chloramine, you need a dry powder (in grams):

a) 300;

b) 100;

c) 30;

d) 10.

40. Erythema is:

a) redness;

b) pallor;

c) icterus;

d) blueness.

41. Blood is taken for a general analysis:

a) from the fourth finger of the left hand;

b) from a vein;

c) from the third finger of the right hand;

d) arbitrarily.

42. Before taking stool for occult blood, the nurse recommends:

a) follow three days of diet number 4;

b) exclude dairy products from the diet;

c) exclude meat, fish, buckwheat, vegetables from the diet for three days;

d) stick to diet number 15.

43. For pleural puncture, the nurse will prepare:

a) Janet’s syringe;

b) Kassirsky’s needle;

c) Dufo needle;

d) a needle 10-15 cm long.

44. The main problem with exudative pleurisy:

a) cough;

b) weakness;

c) chest pain;

d) increasing shortness of breath.

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