WITH THE COURSE OF PRIMARY MEDICAL CARE

instruction: choose one correct answer

3 option

1. Normal blood sugar level:

a) 2.2-3.2 mol / l;

b) 3.3-5.5 mol/l;

c) 5.7-7.7 mol/l;

d) 7.7-9.9 mol/l.

2. For taking feces on the tank. research m / s will prepare:

a) a clean dry jar;

b) a clean dry test tube;

c) a sterile dry test tube;

d) a sterile test tube with a preservative.

3. The main goal of preparing the patient for ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and small pelvis:

a) cleanse the stomach;

b) cleanse the large intestine from feces;

c) eliminate flatulence;

d) preliminarily test for individual sensitivity to iodine-containing drugs.

4. An attack of suffocation is most typical for:

a) catarrhal bronchitis;

b) fibrinous bronchitis;

c) obstructive bronchitis;

d) purulent bronchitis.

5. For a patient with chronic bronchitis, the nurse recommends:

a) eliminate salt from the diet;

b) limit fluid;

c) enrich the diet with protein and vitamins;

d) limit the consumption of fried foods.

6. Independent nursing intervention for severe intoxication:

a) the introduction of detoxification fluids intravenously;

b) give the patient more water;

c) the introduction of antipyretics;

d) the introduction of antibiotics.

7. During an attack of bronchial asthma, the nurse will give the patient a position:

a) on the side

b) sitting with emphasis on hands;

c) with a raised foot end;

d) horizontal.

8. Exacerbation of bronchiectasis happens:

a) in damp, cold weather;

b) spring and summer;

c) summer and winter;

d) all year round.

9. The nature of the fever in a patient with a lung abscess before the breakthrough of the abscess into the bronchus:

a) constant;

b) hectic;

c) wavy;

d) subfebrile.

10. The most characteristic symptom of the late stage of peripheral lung cancer:

a) hemoptysis;

b) pain in the chest, radiating in different directions;

c) dry cough;

d) separation of purulent sputum with a full mouth.

11. Potential patient problems with antibiotic therapy:

a) the risk of an allergic reaction;

b) the risk of stool disorder;

c) the risk of developing fungal diseases;

d) all of the above.

12. Rheumatism strikes:

a) joints;

b) heart;

c) skin;

d) all of the above.

13. Heart disease is:

a) inflammation of the endocardium;

b) inflammation of the myocardium;

c) violation of the hemodynamics of the heart;

d) damage to the heart valves.

14. Complications of hypertension:

a) crisis;

b) vice;

c) coma;

d) shock.

15. Atherosclerosis affects:

a) capillaries;

b) venules and large veins;

c) connective tissue;

d) aorta and large arteries.

16. Pre-infarction condition includes:

a) stable angina pectoris;

b) progressive angina;

c) persistent hypotension;

d) decrease in the body’s defenses.

17. Independent Nursing Intervention for Cardiogenic Shock:

a) administer morphine to the patient;

b) fill the drip system with rheopolyglucin;

c) administer adrenaline to the patient;

d) fill the drop system with plasma.

18. Typical symptoms of chronic heart failure are:

a) shortness of breath, tachycardia, cyanosis, edema;

b) cyanosis, shortness of breath, fever, chest pain;

c) fever, swelling on the face, arterial hypertension;

d) edema, arterial hypertension, headache.

19. The process of spreading cancer cells throughout the body is called:

a) malignancy;

b) metastasis;

c) destruction;

d) expansion.

20. Seasonality of exacerbations is a characteristic feature of such a disease as:

a) chronic gastritis;

b) peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum;

c) cholelithiasis;

d) chronic cholecystitis.

21. Potential problem for a patient with recurrent bleeding ulcers:

a) the risk of dehydration;

b) the risk of hypovitaminosis;

c) the risk of iron deficiency anemia;

d) risk of cachexia.

22. To restore BCC in case of gastrointestinal bleeding, the nurse will fill in the drip system:

a) polyglucin;

b) 10% solution of calcium chloride;

c) 40% glucose solution;

d) 2% sodium bicarbonate solution.

23. In chronic bowel diseases during profuse diarrhea and pronounced dyspeptic symptoms, the patient is shown a diet:

a) No. 4;

b) No. 3;

c) No. 1;

d) No. 5;

24. Symptoms of chronic hepatitis:

a) an increase in the size of the liver;

b) dyspeptic disorders;

c) parenchymal jaundice;

d) all of the above.

25. Measures for the prevention of chronic hepatitis:

a) rational nutrition;

b) elimination of contact with hepatotropic poisons;

c) timely recognition and treatment of acute viral hepatitis;

d) all of the above.

26. From the diet of a patient with pyelonephritis it is necessary to exclude:

a) carbohydrates;

b) protein;

c) fats;

d) spicy and salty.

27. Potential problem of a patient with CRF:

a) the risk of developing myocardial infarction;

b) the risk of developing renal colic;

c) the risk of developing urinary incontinence;

d) the risk of developing infectious complications.

28. Factor contributing to the development of urolithiasis:

a) errors in nutrition;

b) overheating;

c) diseases of the stomach;

d) smoking.

29. Independent nursing intervention for renal colic:

a) massage of the lumbar region;

b) novocaine blockade;

c) a warm heating pad on the lumbar region;

d) intravenous administration of baralgin.

30. Patients with thyrotoxicosis have:

a) increase in the amount of iodine-containing hormones;

b) decrease in the amount of iodine-containing hormones;

c) increase in the level of ACTH;

d) decrease in the level of corticosteroids.

31. Exophthalmos is typical for:

a) endemic goiter;

b) thyrotoxicosis;

c) hypothyroidism;

d) myxedema.

32. Blood sugar lowering hormone:

a) glucagon;

b) insulin;

c) thyroxine;

d) cortisone.

33. A patient who did not eat after an insulin injection developed a strong feeling of hunger, weakness, sweating, tremor of the limbs. Choose an independent nursing intervention in this situation:

a) inject an additional dose of insulin;

b) intravenously inject 40% glucose solution;

c) fill the drip system with 0.9% sodium chloride solution;

d) give the patient a glass of sweet tea with a piece of bread.

34. A nurse recommends that a patient with diabetes mellitus refuse:

a) morning exercises;

b) swimming at a slow pace for 5-10 minutes. ;

c) cycling on flat terrain;

d) weightlifting.

35. The number of erythrocytes in the blood is normal in men (in 1 liter):

a) 4.5 – 5.0 * 10 12 ;

b) 4.5 * 10 9 ;

c) 6 – 8 * 10 12 ;

d) 180 – 320 * 10 9.

36. Integuments in B 12 deficiency anemia:

a) pale;

b) hyperemic;

c) pale icteric;

d) cyanotic.

37. Best of all, the human body absorbs iron contained in:

a) in meat

b) in buckwheat;

c) in vegetables;

d) fruits.

38. For chemotherapy in acute leukemia, the following are used:

a) cyclophosphamide;

b) azathioprine;

c) vincristine;

d) all of the above.

39. Risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis:

a) hypothermia;

b) infections;

c) hereditary predisposition;

d) all of the above.

40. Examination of a patient with deforming osteoarthritis reveals:

a) swelling and hyperemia of the joints;

b) the presence of tophi;

c) the joints are not changed;

d) deformation of the joints due to bone growths.

41. The greatest allergenic ability of drugs has:

a) eufillin;

b) penicillin;

c) prednisolone;

d) diphenhydramine.

42. The essence of OST 42-21-2-85 is:

a) in compliance with the rules of the sanitary and epidemiological regime;

b) in carrying out disinfection and sterilization measures;

c) in carrying out disinfection measures;

d) in compliance with the sanitary and hygienic regime.

43. Daily wet cleaning of the wards is carried out at least:

a) 4 times a day;

b) 2 times a day;

c) 3 times a day;

d) 1 time per day.

44. Treatment mode for oilcloths and oilcloth aprons after use:

a) 2-fold rubbing with a 3% solution of chloramine;

b) immersion for 60 minutes in a 1% solution of chloramine;

c) 2-fold rubbing with a 1% solution of chloramine with an interval of 15 minutes;

d) soaking in 3% hydrogen peroxide solution for 60 minutes.

Considered by the CMC “Nursing” Minutes No. _____ “____” _______________ 2007 Chairman of the CMC __________ / E.G. Beloslyudtseva Approved by Deputy Director for SD ___________/N.Yu. Kolpakova

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