Who gets daily check-ups

How to organize mandatory medical examinations at the beginning and at the end of the work shift

For certain categories of employees, the employer is obliged to conduct pre-shift, pre-trip and post-shift, post-trip medical examinations (hereinafter referred to as daily medical examinations). The time spent on inspections is included in working hours (part 3 of article 213 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation).

Medical examinations before the start of the shift allow you to identify signs of exposure to harmful or dangerous production factors, conditions and diseases that impede the performance of work duties. Including alcoholic, narcotic or other toxic intoxication and their residual effects. This is indicated in paragraph 4 of the Procedure for conducting pre-shift, pre-trip and post-shift, post-trip medical examinations, approved by order of the Ministry of Health of Russia dated December 15, 2014 No. 835n (hereinafter referred to as the Procedure).

Medical examinations after the shift can reveal:

signs of the impact of harmful or dangerous production factors of the working environment and the labor process on the health of workers;

acute occupational disease or poisoning;

signs of alcoholic, narcotic or other toxic intoxication (clause 5 of the Order).

Responsibility for failure to conduct a daily medical examination

The admission of an employee to the performance of his labor duties without passing a medical examination may entail liability under part 3 of article 5.27.1 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation. In this case, employers face fines:

For officials and individual entrepreneurs – from 15,000 to 25,000 rubles;

For legal entities – from 110,000 to 130,000 rubles.

For a repeated similar offense, punishment is provided in accordance with Part 5 of Article 5.27.1 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, namely:

For officials – a fine in the amount of 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. or disqualification for a period of one to three years;

For individual entrepreneurs – a fine in the amount of 30,000 to 40,000 rubles. or administrative suspension of activities for up to 90 days;

For legal entities – a fine from 100,000 to 200,000 rubles. or administrative suspension of activities for up to 90 days.

In addition, article 12.32 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation provides for administrative liability in the form of a fine for allowing a driver in a state of intoxication to drive a vehicle:

For officials responsible for the technical condition and operation of vehicles – 20,000 rubles;

For individual entrepreneurs (note to Article 12.32 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation) and legal entities – 100,000 rubles.

Who gets daily check-ups

The list of employees who must undergo daily medical examinations is given in the table.

Who is passing Base What is regulated
Workers servicing electric power facilities Paragraph 3 of Art. 28 of the Law of March 26, 2003 No. 35-FZ The procedure for conducting inspections was approved by order of the Ministry of Energy of Russia dated August 31, 2011 No. 390
Employees of public railway transport who carry out activities directly related to the movement of trains and shunting work Paragraph 3 of Art. 25 of the Law of January 10, 2003 No. 17-FZ The procedure for conducting inspections was approved by order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia dated July 16, 2010 No. 154
Underground workers Part 5 Art. 330.3 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation Order of the Ministry of Health of Russia dated December 15, 2014 No. 835n, in accordance with Part 7 of Art. 46 of the Law of November 21, 2011 No. 323-FZ and clause 5.2.54 of the Regulations on the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation approved the Procedure for conducting pre-shift, pre-trip and post-shift, post-trip medical examinations, which, in terms of the rules for conducting pre-shift and post-shift medical examinations, applies, in particular , for workers employed in underground works
Drivers of vehicles, including official cars Part 3 Art. 213 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, para. 3, 4 p. 3 Art. 23 of the Law of December 10, 1995 No. 196-FZ Medical examinations of such employees are carried out in accordance with the Procedure for conducting pre-shift, pre-trip and post-shift, post-trip medical examinations, approved by order of the Ministry of Health of Russia dated December 15, 2014 No. 835n
Crew members of civil aircraft, air traffic controllers (FAP MO GA-2002, approved by order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia dated April 22, 2002 No. 50) Clause 1 of the Federal Aviation Rules “Medical examination of flight crew, air traffic controllers, flight attendants, cadets and candidates entering civil aviation educational institutions”, approved by order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia dated April 22, 2002 No. 50 Medical examinations of employees are carried out in accordance with the Aviation Rules

Situation: are employees subject to mandatory pre-shift and post-shift medical examinations when harmful working conditions are established based on the results of the SOUT

No, they are not. Pre-shift and post-shift medical examinations are carried out only for certain categories of employees in cases established by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of Russia. That is, if the requirement to conduct pre-shift and post-shift medical examinations is not established in sectoral, intersectoral rules and other regulatory legal acts, then they do not need to be carried out. The results of the SOUT and the established class of working conditions in this case do not matter.

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