What is field research?


Compiled by Master of Psychology, University Lecturer

_______________________ Kozhokar Irina Vladimirovna



Questions 1-10 (terminology from the discipline glossary)

A hypothesis is a statement about the existence of a phenomenon, the truth or falsity of which cannot be proved deductively, but can only be verified experimentally. An experimental hypothesis is a specification of a theoretical assumption in terms of dependent, independent, and additional variables. A counterhypothesis is a hypothesis that is alternative to the main one.

Content analysis is a method of systematic quantitative evaluation of the content of texts. It was first used by K. Jung in the analysis of the results of an associative experiment. It is widely used in psychological diagnostics (projective methods), special psychology, psycholinguistics, etc.

Counter – hypothesis – alternative to the main assumption; occurs automatically;

The standards of scientific thinking are supra-individual schemes, or the rules that have developed in science for collecting and using empirical data for a meaningful conclusion about the subject of study. They include the entire system of research methods used at this stage in the development of science.

A paradigm is a scientific standard, a generally recognized approach to the study of reality at a certain stage in the development of science, which includes the goals of science, methods and techniques, a system of criteria for evaluating research results, basic knowledge (methods, theories and facts). The evolution of scientific knowledge comes down to the formation, development and revolutionary change of paradigms (Kun T.).

An exploratory study is a study aimed at discovering those factors that should be taken into account in the theory of a given subject.

Applied research is a type of research that focuses primarily on solving practical problems.

The principle of verifiability is the principle of forecasting, which requires the determination of the reliability, accuracy and validity of forecasts.

The longitudinal (longitudinal) form of research is one of the main methods, or, as they have recently begun to express it, one of the main research strategies in developmental psychology and other ontogenetic sciences. Syn. longitudinal study, longitudinal study, longitude method, longitudinal study strategy, diachronic method.

Theory is an integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed phenomena.

A formative experiment is an experiment specific to developmental (children’s) and educational psychology, in which the active influence of the experimental situation on the subject should contribute to his mental development and personal growth.

Generalization of data is a way of formulating new knowledge in the form of laws, regularities, signs. Generalizations are achieved by highlighting the most important properties of objects, phenomena and abstracting (distracting) from non-essential properties. With the help of generalization, a potentially infinite set of single observational data is replaced by a finite set of scientific facts.


Specificity of experimental psychology.

Experimental psychology is a field of psychology that structures knowledge concerning research problems (in various psychological directions) and ways to solve them. Experimental psychology is called a scientific discipline about the methods of psychological research.

Why is experimental psychology called a general methodological scientific approach?

that it is not some specific branch of psychology, but is a general psychological guide to the study of certain phenomena already in its specific area of individual psychological disciplines.

What is field research?

Field research is a type of study of social phenomena or the behavior of communities by studying them in normal, natural conditions. Field research is, first of all, the study of a spatially limited set of individuals (humans or animals) living in their everyday framework: a collective of people in its social context; a flock of animals in natural conditions of natural existence, etc. Name the most urgent problems of experimental psychology .

psychology, the use of experiment is fundamentally impossible and unacceptable;

psychology as a science without experiment is untenable.

The first point of view – about the impossibility of applying the experiment – is based on the following provisions:

The subject of research in psychology is too complicated.

The subject of research in psychology is too unstable, which leads to the impossibility of observing the principle of verification.

In a psychological experiment, the subject-subject interaction (subject-experimenter) is inevitable, which violates the scientific purity of the results.

The individual psyche is absolutely unique, which makes psychological measurement and experiment meaningless (it is impossible to generalize the obtained data to all individuals).

The psyche has an inherent property of spontaneity, which makes it difficult to predict.

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