a) obligatory, provided by the state;
c) connection with customs;
d) security of public opinion;
e) connection with morality.
What sign of law indicates that the rules of law are interconnected and agreed upon?
a) formal certainty;
b) guaranteed by the state;
d) volitional nature of law;
Which of the purposes of law is the main one?
d) regulatory, protective;
What are legal presumptions?
a) the main ideas of law;
b) assumptions enshrined in law about the presence or absence of legal facts;
c) the main features of law;
d) the main functions of law;
e) forms of law.
What are the first sources from which law arose?
e) taboo, customs, morality, religion.
What is the general term for the concepts of “judicial precedent” and “legal act”?
a) source (form) of law;
b) acts of application of law;
c) acts of interpretation of law;
d) function of law;
e) gaps in the law.
What is a legal act?
a) a specific prescription, expressed as an individual act of application;
b) a rule of conduct of a general nature, regulating social relations and generally binding on all;
c) a rule of conduct that regulates moral, ethical relations;
d) an official act issued in a special order – a document of the competent law-making body, which contains the rules of law;
e) an oral, strong-willed instruction, the execution of which is obligatory for the addressee.
Depending on what criterion is the division of normative legal acts into laws and by-laws?
a) depending on the intended purpose;
b) depending on the time of publication;
c) depending on the subject that issued the normative legal act;
d) depending on the branches of law;
e) depending on the space for which they are designed.
What is a by-law?
a) any official act;
b) any written document drawn up and certified by a notary;
c) it is a collection of laws;
d) these are the rules governing religious relations;
e) a normative act adopted by the governing body, issued in strict accordance with the law, on the basis of and in pursuance of laws.
What is the name of the form of law in which the decision of a state body (mainly a judicial one) in a particular case becomes generally binding in resolving similar cases?
b) judicial precedent;
c) legal custom;
e) normative contract.
The law is understood in a broad and narrow sense. In what sense is this definition understood: “A law is any normative legal act that is generally binding on all persons of the state”?
a) in a narrow sense;
b) in a broad sense;
c) as a natural law;
d) as a positive law;
e) as moral precepts.
What is the name of a legal act of a law-making body containing rules of conduct aimed at regulating social relations?
a) judicial precedent;
b) normative legal act;
c) sanctioned custom;
d) an international treaty;
e) legal doctrine.
What is a legal practice?
a) a rule of conduct which, by virtue of repeated repetition, has become a habit and is protected by the coercive power of the state;
b) the type and measure of the required behavior (the legal obligation of the individual);
c) the type and extent of possible behavior (subjective law);
d) a rule of conduct corresponding to the idea of justice;
d) habitual behavior.
What are the characteristics of legal norms that distinguish them from other social norms?
a) general obligatoriness, normativity;
b) formal certainty;
c) guaranteed by the state, regulativeness;
d) non-personality of the addressee;
e) all of the above.
What are the rules of law that directly point to another act as a condition of their action called?
a) civil law;
d) family law;
What is the name of the element of the legal norm that fixes the rule of conduct by granting a right and imposing a legal obligation?
a) a presumption;
b) legal function;
What is the name of the element of the legal norm, fixing the measures of adverse impact on the violator of the legal norm?
e) an axiom.