VII. Read the text and do the tasks for it.

Option number 1

I. Put the verbs in brackets, depending on the meaning, into Past Simple or Present Perfect

Write down the received sentences, translate into Russian.

1. I have not seen this film yet, but I heard a lot about it. I haven’t seen this movie, but I’ve heard a lot about it.

2. He isn’t here, he just went out. He’s not here, he just got out.

3. Last winter I spent a lot of time in the library. Last winter I spent a lot of time in this library.

4. (to arrive) the steamer? – No, it hasn’t.

5. I met him yesterday. I met him yesterday.

II. Put the sentences in Simple Past and Future Simple using the appropriate adverbs of time. Translate into Russian.

1. I help my wife about the house. I help my wife around the house.

I helped my wife around the house.

I will help my wife around the house.

2. They do their shopping every day. They go shopping every day.

They went shopping every day.

They will go shopping every day.

3. She travels to work every day by train. She travels every day to work by train.

She went every day to work by train.

She will ride every day to work by train.

4. He starts his work at 8.15. He starts work at 8.15.

He started to work at 8.15.

He will start work at 8.15.

5. I always have a lot of work to do. I always have a lot of work to do.

I have always been a lot of work to do

I will always have a lot of work to do

III. Read the text. Ask questions to the sentences using the question words given in brackets.

Gotlif Daimler and Charles Benz were two inventors. They lived in Germany (where?). Where did the Gotlif Daimler and Charles Benz live?

They were both interested in car production (what?). What were they both interested in?

At the end of the I9th century each of them designed a car (when?). When did each of them design a car?

At the same time, they organized two independent firms to produce them (what?). What did they organize at the same time?

All the cars produced by the firm of Daimler were called “Mercedes”(what?). What were called “Mercedes”?

(Mercedes was a daughter’s name of one of the stockholders of the firm who saved the firm of Daimler (what?) From the financial crisis. From what Mercedes saved the firm of Daimler?

But after the World War I the firm of Daimler had to join the firm of Benz (when?) When did the firm of Daimler had to join the firm of Benz?

IV. Open the brackets and put the verbs in the Simple Present or Present Continuous form.

1. This car is making a very strange noise. Do you think it is all right? Oh, that noise does not matter. It always makes a noise like that.

2. I wish the prices on the stock exchange went up. They keep falling off. I think many brokers want to go on a holiday.

3.You recognize that man? I think I have seen him before but I do not remember his name.

4.Look at that crowd! I am wondering what they are waiting for.

5.This message has just arrived and the man is waiting in case you want to send a reply.

V. Write down, underline the participle I. Determine its function in the sentence, translate the entire sentence into Russian.

1. Knowing the English language well , he was able to translate newspaper articles without a dictionary. Knowing English well, he was able to translate newspaper articles without a dictionary.

2. While discharging the ship we found a few broken cases. When we unloaded the ship, we found several broken boxes.

3. When drawing up a contract for the sale of goods it is necessary to give a detailed description of the goods. When drawing up a contract for the sale of goods, it is necessary to give a detailed description of the goods.

4. The customs officer stood on deck counting the cases . The customs officer stood on deck, counting the boxes.

5. Receiving the telegram , he rank up the director. Having received a telegram, he called the director

VI. Use some or any in these sentences.

1. I will have some news next week.

2. Philip wants some help with his exams.

3. Would you have any help?

4. There isn’t any reason to complain.

5. Are there any problems with your work?

VII. Read the text and do the tasks for it.

Exporting

Companies that want greater control over their product have to manufacture it at home and then export it to the foreign countries in this case the exporter must examine the market.

Some firms can sell their products to an export/import merchant who takes all the selling risks. In other cases, the company can use an export/import agent who sells the product to wholesalers or retailers in the foreign country. Sometimes the exporter may set up its own sales offices and branches abroad. This is more expensive and only large firms can afford it.

Assignments to the text

1. Write out sentences from the text in which adjectives occur in a comparative degree. Translate these sentences into Russian.

Companies that want greater control over their product have to manufacture it at home and then export it to the foreign countries in this case the exporter must examine the market.

Companies that want more control over their product must make it at home and then export it to foreign countries, in which case the exporter must study the market.

This is more expensive and only large firms can afford it.

It’s more expensive and only big firms can afford it.

2. Write out sentences from the text that contain modal verbs or their equivalents. Translate these sentences into Russian.

Companies that want greater control over their product have to manufacture it at home and then export it to the foreign countries in this case the exporter must examine the market. Companies that want more control over their product must make it at home and then export it to foreign countries, in which case the exporter must study the market.

Some firms can sell their products to an export/import merchant who takes all the selling risks.

Some firms may sell their products to an export/import sales agent who assumes all risks associated with the sale.

Sometimes the exporter may set up its own sales offices and branches abroad.

Some firms may sell their products to an export/import sales agent who assumes all risks associated with the sale.

This is more expensive and only large firms can afford it.

It’s more expensive and only big firms can afford it.

3. Answer the questions:

– Where does the company have to manufacture its product if it wants to have greater control over it? At home

– What must exporters do before they decide to ship goods to the foreign market? Examine the market

-Who can companies sell their products to? To an export/import merchant

-What risks does an export/import merchant run? All the selling risks

-Whom can a company use in other cases? An export/import agent

-Who does an export/import agent sell products to? To wholesalers or retailers in the foreign country

– What can the exporter set up in a foreign country if he wants to work on his own? Its own sales offices and branches

-Why can only large firms set up branches in a foreign country? This is more expensive

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