Underline the grammatical foundations of the sentences

(1) The search for Noah’s ark on Mount Ararat is doomed to failure because Noah never landed there. (2) According to researchers, modern Ararat is not the place that is mentioned in the Bible. 3) The historical excursion undertaken by scientists showed that in the Old Testament times and even in the era of early Christianity there was no geographical name “Mount Ararat”, but the phrase “Mountains of Ararat”. (4) This was the name of the southern part of the Armenian Highlands, located within the boundaries of modern Iraqi Kurdistan. (5) Once there was the Kingdom of Ararat, or Urartu, as the Assyrians called it. (6) And since the kingdom was mountainous and difficult to pass from the side of Assyria, the Assyrians called the mountains between Urartu and their country the Urartian (Ararat) mountains. (7) The name “Ararat” or “Ayrarat” was also used to designate one of the large regions of historical Armenia, the patrimony of the Armenian kings. (8) But no one called the great Armenian mountain Masis with this word. (9) She received the name “Ararat” no earlier than the XII-XIII centuries, at the same time she began to be associated with the biblical Flood and Noah’s ark.

Task B4.

… I will answer you briefly.

One of our grandfather signs

It says: since there is no order in the cemetery,

There is no order in the village itself.

R. Gamzatov

(1) It drizzles with a fine, heavy rain. (2) The sky is covered with heavy, leaden clouds. (3) Gloomy, chilly, uncomfortable in winter.

(4) I am wandering through the oldest city cemetery, and the environment around me reinforces the feeling of abandonment and unreality of what is happening. (5) I walk along the alley, and around there are hundreds of graves of compatriots. (6) These people lived their lives in different ways and brought different destinies to the judgment of the Lord. (7) I touch with my hand a fragment of a tombstone covered with droplets of moisture, under which a “merchant’s widow …” has been lying for a hundred years. (8) There is no surname or dates. (9) Someone’s “caring hand” walked with a hammer on the plate installed on the monument. (10) Nearby – a tombstone also of an “unknown” person, knocked to the ground. (11) There was a trace of the inscription of the year of death of a person, and a photograph made on ceramics was broken.

12) The tablet with the data of the deceased person disappeared, as did the grating of the grave fence. (13) A gray-haired old woman who passed me sadly remarked, wiping the corners of her eyes with the tip of a handkerchief: “(14) Son, this has been happening for a long time. (l5) Ha scrap metal took the grate something. (16) God is not in people. (17) The devil rules the world. (18) Ox, there will be retribution, oh, heavy … “

(19) I was silent. (20) But the old woman did not expect an answer. (21) She quietly walked along the path. (22) It involuntarily thought that with this grandmother, along the dirty cemetery path, a whole generation went into eternity. (23) The history that our fathers and mothers were proud of, who built this country, died for it on the fronts of various wars and in the typhoid barracks of the camps, was leaving. (24) A country that was betrayed by their children and thrown to be torn to pieces by temporary workers driven by base passions, who still sit today in the high offices of this state …

(25) It is rightly noted that the health of any society should be viewed through the prism of its attitude towards children, the elderly and … the dead. (26) I walk through the cemetery, where the dead citizens of the city lie abandoned by the authorities, unable to defend themselves.

(27) Around is desolation, broken monuments, missing tablets, depersonalized crypts and neatly stacked grave grates, prepared for scrapping. (28) It becomes scary and bitter. (29) It is terrible that our children, seeing how those in power and barbarians of the 21st century mock at the graves of their compatriots, will do the same to us, while still living. (30) Unconsciousness, like rust, will corrode their souls. (31) The boomerang will definitely return to the one who threw it. (32) The world is interconnected and every evil is punishable (33) Such is the logic of life. (34) I’m leaving the cemetery with a heavy soul. (35) Having gone out through its gate into the street, I turn around and take a last look at the tombstones of the eternal cemetery inhabitants. (36) Silent witnesses and participants in the greatest historical events look at me with the blind eyes of forgotten people from broken photographs … (37) Our ancestors …

(38) Neither we nor our children will ever build a prosperous society, as long as mutilated graveyards and a raped history remain behind us, rewritten with enviable constancy for the sake of the next government.

(According to A. Chikin)

1. Which of the sentences 1-7 is (are) one-part (s) definitely personal (s) or includes (s) a definitely personal sentence as part of a complex one? Write his (their) number(s).

2. Among sentences 19-25, find complex sentences that include one-part impersonal. Write the numbers of these proposals.

3. Among sentences 27-33, find a complex sentence that includes a one-part impersonal. Write the number of this offer.

4. Among sentences 10-15, find a simple one-part indefinitely personal sentence. Write the number of this offer.

5. Among sentences 1-8, find a simple one-part impersonal sentence. Write down his number.

6. Among sentences 34-37, find a simple one-part definite-personal sentence. Write the number of this offer.

7. Among sentences 32 ~ 38, find a simple one-part common nominal sentence. Write the number of this offer.

8. Among sentences 13-18, find a simple one-part impersonal sentence. Write the number of this offer.

9. Among sentences 9-12, find an incomplete sentence. Specify the number of this offer.

10. Indicate what types of one-part sentences include an epigraph to the text.

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