Topic: Providing emergency assistance to victims in the aftermath of emergency situations. Diagnosis and first aid for trauma.

The purpose of the lesson : to master the principles of providing first aid for traumatic injuries.

Research objectives :

1. Learn to provide first aid for bruises, sprains and torn ligaments.

2. Learn how to perform transport immobilization of limbs in case of dislocations.

3. Master the rules of first aid for traumatic toxicosis.

4. Learn how to perform transport immobilization for fractures.

5. Master the rules of first aid for traumatic shock.

Object of study : man.

Equipment: bandages, standard splints (Cramer’s wire splint, Diterechs’ wooden splint), improvised means (sticks, cardboard), scarf bandages, an ice pack, a heating pad with cold water.

Working process

Exercise 1.

Give the correct definition:

bruise –

Stretching –

Gap –

dislocation –

Fracture –

Traumatic toxicosis –

Task 2.

1. First aid for bruises of soft tissues of the extremities:

one.

2.

3.

4.

5.

2. First aid for sprains and torn ligaments:

one.

2.

3.

4.

3. First aid for dislocation:

one.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Precautionary measures:

4 . First aid algorithm for traumatic toxicosis :

one.______; 2.______; 3._______; 4_______; 5._______; 6._________; 7._______; eight.______; nine.______; ten._______.

5. The concept – “immobilization”:

Bus rules

one.______; 2.______; 3._______; 4_______; 5._______; 6._________; 7._______.

Task 3. Indicate and give a brief description of the fractures of which bones are subjected to the following immobilization:

BUT)

1._____ 2.______ 3.______

B)

4.______________ 5.______________

AT)

6._______________ 7.______________

eight.____________

Task 4. Providing emergency care for traumatic shock:

1. Call an ambulance.

2. Eliminate any ongoing external bleeding:……………………………………………………………………..

3. Give the victim a horizontal position …………….

4. Perform transport immobilization in cases of fractures or extensive damage to the tissues of the limbs, fractures of the pelvic bones, spine. For these purposes are used ………………………………….

5. Close existing wounds…………………………………………………

6. Wrap the victim in warm clothes to avoid ……………

7. If the victim is unconscious – ……………………………………

8. Ensure careful transportation of the victim to the nearest medical facility.

9. It is very important to create an atmosphere of psychological comfort for the victim – he must be reassured, instill confidence in the favorable course of events.

10. The victim, who is conscious, if he has excluded an injury to the abdominal cavity, can ………………………………………………..

UNACCEPTABLE!

one.

2.

3.

4.

Questions to prepare for the lesson:

1. What are the main signs of soft tissue injury?

2. What is the first aid for traumatic toxicosis?

3. What is the absolute sign of dislocation?

4. Indicate from what day it is possible to apply compresses for soft tissue bruises?

5. What is the first aid for sprains?

6. List the measures to provide assistance in case of traumatic shock.

7. Specify the absolute signs of fractures.

8. What are the rules for imposing tires.

REMEMBER WHAT IS UNACCEPTABLE!

Disturb and force the victim to move unless absolutely necessary.

· Move the victim with fractures of the bones of the limbs without the imposition of transport tires.

Give the victim drink in cases of penetrating wounds of the abdomen.

Give alcohol as an anti-shock remedy for prolonged exposure to frost and in case of any bleeding.

In case of dislocation, warm compresses should not be used;

You can not independently produce the reduction of a dislocated joint.

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.