Topic number 6. Final lesson on the topic “Wounds. Bleeding. Injuries. Accidents. Rendering PMP»

Subject Meaning:

A medical worker must be proficient in express diagnostics of conditions requiring emergency first aid, respect the rights of the patient when providing him with emergency care; own modern technologies for providing first aid in emergency situations; interact with first aid teams; prepare the patient for transport.

Knowledge and skills in the implementation of first aid algorithms will help future pharmacists master general and professional competencies and effectively apply them in emergency situations, help them understand the significance of their future profession, and show a steady interest in it.

Learning objectives : consolidation of knowledge and skills gained in theoretical and practical classes.

Based on theoretical knowledge and practical skills, the student must

know :

· Legal liability in case of refusal to provide emergency first aid.

The rights of the patient in the provision of emergency care.

Basic principles of first aid.

Symptoms of wounds, various types of bleeding, trauma.

symptoms of poisoning.

be able to:

· Possess express diagnostics of conditions requiring emergency first aid.

Respect the rights of the patient when providing him with emergency care.

· Be proficient in modern technologies for providing first aid in emergency situations.

· Collaborate with first aid teams.

· Prepare the patient for transport.

· Monitor and care for victims during transportation, depending on the nature of the damaging factors.

Provide PMP for wounds, various types of bleeding, injuries.

Provide PHC in case of poisoning.

The student must master the general competencies

OK 1. Understand the essence and social significance of your future profession, show a steady interest in it.

OK 3. Make decisions in standard and non-standard situations and be responsible for them.

OK 4. Search and use the information necessary for the effective performance of professional tasks, professional and personal development.

OK 6. Work in a team and team, communicate effectively with colleagues, management, consumers.

OK 11. Be ready to take on moral obligations in relation to nature, society and man.

OK 12. Provide first aid in case of emergency.

The student must master professional competencies

PC 1.7. Provide first aid.

Methodical instructions for independent work of students at the final lesson

1. Complete one of the proposed practical tasks:

1) Treat the incised wound.

2) Provide PMP for bleeding from a vein.

3) Provide PMP for bleeding from the artery.

4) Provide PMP for food poisoning.

5) Provide PMP for drowning.

6) Provide PMP in case of electrical injury.

7) Provide PMP for frostbite of the hands of the 2nd degree.

2. Individually solve a situational problem (compose a written answer in a notebook).

3. Prepare to check the completed task.

Situational tasks

Task #1

The fallen glass had cut a cut on the front of the forearm. Blood of a dark red color flows calmly from the wound. There are no special devices to stop bleeding. There is no sterile dressing material. The caregiver has at his disposal a handkerchief, a solution of ethacridine lactate (rivanol), an electric iron, a boiling kettle on the stove.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What kind of bleeding is observed?

2. By what signs did you determine the type of bleeding?

3. What is the sequence of actions in providing first aid?

1. What is the purpose of ethacridine lactate?

2. Is the delivery of the victim to a medical facility required?

Task #2

As a result of a blow with a blunt object, significant nosebleeds occurred. Available are cotton wool, hydrogen peroxide 3% solution and a strip of cloth (width 5 cm, length 50 cm).

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What is the sequence of first aid?

2. What group of medicines does hydrogen peroxide belong to?

3. Why is hydrogen peroxide used for bleeding?

4. In what position should the victim be when providing him with first aid?

5. What additional measures can be taken to stop nosebleeds.

Task #3

While skiing down a mountain, a person fell, sharp pains appeared in the shin area, aggravated by a change in position. He cannot stand up, the foot is unnaturally turned outward. The skin is not broken.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What is the nature of the damage?

2. What is the cause of this damage?

3. By what signs did you determine this?

4. What first aid is needed?

5. Is the delivery of the victim to a medical facility required?

Task #4

An obese woman slips and falls on her buttocks. At the moment of impact, there were sharp pains in the lower back, due to which the slightest movement was impossible. Soon the woman felt numbness of the lower extremities. Sharp pain on palpation of the back.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What is the damage?

2. By what symptoms did you identify this damage?

3. Why is this injury dangerous?

4. What first aid is needed?

5. How to transport the victim to the hospital?

Task number 5
A person was on the street for a long time in tight and cold shoes in a sedentary state; the air temperature is 10-15 C. At home, the body temperature has risen, chills have appeared, significant pains have arisen in the feet. Feet purple-bluish, edematous, edema extends to the lower leg; on the back of the surface of the feet there are blisters filled with white liquid. The sensitivity of the skin of the fingers is absent, when feeling the feet are sharply painful.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What is the nature of the damage?

2. By what signs did you determine the degree of damage?

3. What causes contributed to this damage?

4. What is the sequence of actions?

5. What preventive measures should be taken during transportation?

Task number 6
Due to the ingress of boiling liquid, a burn of the thigh and lower leg occurred. The victim experiences severe pain, hyperemia, swelling, transparent blisters on the damaged areas of the skin. The caregiver has no water, sterile dressings, his hands are dirty. There are bottles with cerigel, potassium permanganate solution, handkerchiefs.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What is the degree of the burn?

2. By what signs did you determine the degree of damage?

3. What is the sequence of first aid?

4. What group of drugs do cerigel and potassium permanganate belong to?

5. Is the delivery of the victim to a medical facility required?

Task #7

The man was taken out of the reservoir in an unconscious state. On examination: the pupils are dilated, the skin is pale, acrocyanosis. Single non-rhythmic breaths are noted. Foam and water comes out of the mouth.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What condition can be assumed in the patient?

2. What causes the symptoms indicated in the task?

3. What should be the first aid?

4. What actions should be taken if there are signs of clinical death?

5. Is it necessary to transport the victim to a medical facility when signs of life appear?

Task #8

The ambulance team found the victim in an unconscious state, lying on the ground with an electric wire in his hand. On examination, there is a deep crater-shaped wound of a gray-yellow color, the skin is pale, the pupils are wide, do not react to light, there is no breathing and pulse.

Solve the problem by answering the questions.

1. What condition can be assumed in the patient?

2. What is the damage on the skin of the victim?

3. What condition of the victim is evidenced by general manifestations?

4. What should be the first medical aid?

5. How to transport the victim?

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