Topic 1.1 Conservation potential

Non-state educational institution of secondary vocational

Education “Oil College”

“Ecological foundations of nature management”

Guidelines and control tasks for part-time students of educational institutions of secondary vocational education in the specialty:

“Development and operation of oil and gas fields”

┬źDrilling of oil and gas wells┬╗┬╗

Izhevsk

2015
Guidelines

drawn up in accordance

with sample program

in the discipline “Ecological fundamentals of nature management” in the specialty 0905,0906,0907,1705

Deputy Director for SD _______________ E. A. Volokhin

Compiled by:

Editor:

Reviewer:

INTRODUCTION

Guidelines and control tasks for part-time students in the academic discipline “Ecological fundamentals of nature management” are developed in accordance with the State requirements for a minimum content and level of training of graduates in the specialties 0906,0907,1701, approved on 16.05.2002. (No. 12-0906-B, No. 12-0907-B, No. 04-1701-B) and specialty 0608, approved on February 13, 2002. (No. 11-0608-B).

The academic discipline “Ecological fundamentals of nature management” is aimed at developing the student’s ecological outlook and the ability to assess professional activities from the standpoint of environmental protection and refers to the natural sciences, establishing the basic knowledge for mastering special disciplines related to EN.03.

These guidelines are designed to help a part-time student to master the program of the course “Ecological Fundamentals of Nature Management” while independently studying the subject and receiving advice in review and installation classes.

The result of studying the educational material can be essays prepared on one of the topics proposed by the program, as well as passing a test and a test, taking into account questions for self-control, which are proposed for consolidation after each topic.

As a result of studying the discipline, the student must:

have an idea: about the relationship between organisms and the environment; on the conditions for the sustainable state of ecosystems and the causes of the ecological crisis; about Russia’s natural resources and environmental monitoring; about ecological principles of rational use of natural resources;

know: legal issues of environmental safety.

The academic discipline “Ecological fundamentals of nature management” is based on the knowledge and skills of students obtained during the period of study at a general educational institution and is the basis for studying general professional disciplines “Life Safety” and “Labor Protection”.

The sample program is designed for 32 hours for the basic level of vocational education.

THEME PLAN

Name of sections and topics Number of classroom hours
Introduction
Section 1. Features of the interaction between society and nature
Topic 1.1. Conservation potential
Topic 1.2. Natural resources and rational use of natural resources
Topic 1.3. Environmental pollution with toxic and radioactive substances
Section 2. Legal and social issues of nature management
Topic 2.1. State and public measures to prevent destructive impacts on nature. Environmental supervision
Topic 2.2. Legal and economic liability of enterprises that pollute the environment
Total by discipline:

CONTENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL DISCIPLINE

The student must: have an idea:

about the change in the relationship between man and nature with the development of economic activity; about modern environmental problems: about the place of man as a biological organism in wildlife: about the consequences of human intervention in the ecological balance.

The value of ecological knowledge. Tasks, purpose, specifics of the discipline. Problems of ecology as a science.

Literature: 7, p. 14…17; 9, p. 3…7.

Guidelines

When studying the topic, attention should be paid to the following issues: the structure of ecology, the history of interaction between man and nature, the relevance of environmental problems.

Section 1 FEATURES OF INTERACTION OF NATURE AND SOCIETY

Topic 1.1 Conservation potential

The student must: have an idea:

about the current state of the environment in Russia and the planet; on the impact of negative environmental factors on humans, their forecasting and prevention; about planetary environmental problems, about ways to eliminate environmental disasters.

Nature and society. General and specific features.

Development of the productive forces of society; increase in the mass of substances and materials involved in economic circulation; intentional and unintentional human impact on the conditions of existence.

Protection of the biosphere from pollution by emissions of economic activity. Impact of urbanization on the biosphere.

The role of the human factor in solving environmental problems.

Scientific and technological progress and nature in the modern era.

Utilization of household and industrial waste. Prospects and principles for creating non-destructive nature industries.

Signs of an ecological crisis. Global problems of ecology: destruction of the ozone layer, depletion of energy resources, “greenhouse” effect, etc. Ways to solve them.

Literature: 3, p. 59…67:12, s, 29…71; 17, p. 227…252, 430…561; 18, p. 224…260;

20, p. 13…27.98…P9;

Guidelines

When studying the topic, attention should be paid to the following issues: the state of the environment of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus; environmental quality and its impact on human health; general principles for improving the ecological situation in cities and their homes, as well as the basic requirements for the ecological culture of a person; functional zoning of the city; disposal of household and industrial waste; home ecology; global environmental problems.

Questions for self-control

1. Name the main global environmental problems. What are the reasons for their appearance, negative consequences and solutions?

2. What factors influence the state of human health?

3. What types of environmental pollution are distinguished by the degree of negative
impact on human health and the state of environmental objects?

4. What functional areas make up a modern city?

5. What are the harmful factors influencing urbanization on the state of the biosphere and health
Can you name the population?

6. What are the measures to improve the health of settlements?

7. What is an integrated approach to the disposal of household and
industrial waste?

Topic 1.2 Natural resources and environmental management

The student must: have an idea:

on the relationship between the rational use of natural resources and the ecological balance of the environment.

Natural resources and their classification.

Problems of the use and reproduction of natural resources, their relationship with the location of production.

Food resources of mankind. Problems of nutrition and agricultural production.

Problems of preservation of human resources.

Literature: 3, p. 115…122; 9, S.49…571; 12, S.98…PZ, 132…153, 183…253; 17, p. 177…219, 312…345, 414…433.

Guidelines

On this topic, it is necessary to form a concept of the classification of natural resources, to have an idea of the consequences of irrational use of natural resources and the environmental consequences of the use and depletion of natural resources. It is also necessary to pay attention to the principles of rational nature management, to the environmental consequences of the activities of the energy complex and the development of agriculture. The study of the topic should be helped by consolidating knowledge about the consequences of pollution of atmospheric air, water resources, soils and subsoil resources; on the impact of human activities on biological resources; on specially protected natural areas, their types and significance, on measures for the protection of natural resources, for the rational use of land, reclamation and land reclamation.

Questions for self-control

1. What are natural resources and what is their role in human life and activities?

2. By what criteria are natural resources classified?

3. What is the difference between rational and irrational nature management?

4. Name the principles of rational nature management and reveal their essence.

5. What is the environmental impact of the fuel and energy complex,
hydropower, nuclear power?

6. What environmentally friendly sources of energy do you know?

7. What is the environmental impact of agriculture?

8. Specify the factors influencing the decline in soil fertility.

9. What is reclamation and melioration?

10. What types of impact on subsoil resources do you know?

11. What types of specially protected natural areas are available in our
state, republic?

Topic 1.3 Pollution of the environment with toxic and radioactive substances

The student must: have an idea

on the main sources of environmental pollution; on the classification of pollutants and ways of exposure to humans; on the environmental consequences of environmental contamination with toxic and radioactive substances.

Biosphere pollution. Anthropogenic and natural pollution. Direct and indirect impact on humans of pollution of the biosphere. The main pollutants, their classification.

The main ways of migration and accumulation in the biosphere of toxic and radioactive substances.

“Green” revolution and its consequences. Significance and ecological role of fertilizers and pesticides.

Ways to eliminate the consequences of contamination with toxic and radioactive substances of the environment. The concept of environmental risk.

The main tasks of environmental monitoring are: observation of factors affecting the environment; assessment and forecasting of the state of the environment.

Literature: 3, p. 43’…52, 152… 162; 13. p. 44…52; 17, p. 71…308; 20, p.28… 150; 21, p. 32…35.

Guidelines

Understand the essence of environmental problems, their causes and ways
solutions.:

When studying the types and sources of environmental pollution, analyze the negative consequences of the impact on nature of priority pollutants, as well as the environmental quality standard.

Explain the purpose of environmental monitoring.

Starting to study the impact of mining, oil and gas,
metallurgical and chemical industries on the components of nature,
it is necessary to first analyze the types of wastewater and methods for their treatment, as well as methods
elimination of the consequences of an accident at oil production, transportation and storage facilities
and gas.

Questions for self-control

1. Anthropogenic impact on the environment and its classification.

2. What types of environmental pollution do you know?

3. What are the sources of pollutants in the environment?

4. What are the environmental quality standards and their purpose?

5. What is the composition and structure of the atmosphere?

6. What are the main sources and types of air pollution?
7. What air quality standards do you know?

8. Air pollution by vehicles.

9. What air pollutants do you know and their sources in the oil and gas industry?
industry?

10. What is the problem of clean water in the world?

Section 2 LEGAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES OF NATURE MANAGEMENT

Topic 2.1 State and public measures to prevent destructive impacts on nature. Environmental supervision

The student must: have an idea

about the history of the formation of the Russian environmental
legislation; about international relations,
relationships on environmental issues;
know: tasks and goals of environmental management and supervision.

History of Russian environmental legislation.

Environmental regulations of 1970-1990 adopted by the legislative bodies of the USSR. Law on the Protection of the Environment, 1991. Normative acts on rational nature management of the environment.

Russia’s participation in the activities of international environmental organizations; international agreements, conventions, treaties. Establishment within the UN in 1983 of an independent international commission on environmental protection.

New ecological and economic approaches to environmental protection.

Bodies of management and supervision for nature protection. Their goals and objectives.

Environmental education.

Literature: b, p. 238…250; 9, p. 122…124, 135…138; 17, p. 347…360, 457…483;

20, p. 229…251, 360…369; 22.

Guidelines

When studying the main state acts on environmental safety, special attention should be paid to the law “On Environmental Protection”. It is necessary to write out in the abstract the main sections, about the objects and principles of environmental legislation.

Explain the need for international cooperation in the field of nature conservation, write down information about the main international programs and forms of international cooperation.

Questions for self-control

1. What is the purpose of environmental legislation?

2. What are the main environmental laws you know?

3. What environmental objects are protected by law?

4. What are limits on nature use?

5. What is the nature management fee for?

6. What are the powers of citizens in the field of environmental protection?

7. What are the forms of international environmental cooperation?

Topic 2.2 Legal and economic liability of enterprises that pollute the environment

The student must:

know: legal issues of environmental safety.

Legal and legal liability of enterprises for environmental violations. The concept of environmental assessment of production and enterprises.

Literature: 22.

Guidelines

When studying the topic, analyze the types of responsibility for violation of environmental legislation and the concept of environmental expertise.

Questions for self-control

1. What types of environmental protection activities of the enterprise exist?

2. What are the types of liability for environmental offenses?

3. What is ecological expertise and what are its tasks?

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