Theme "Organization of personal hygiene of the patient"

“The patient is a person, not an object of activity.”

E. Dollitl, Nursing Consultant,



Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, keeping the ward and bed of the patient clean create conditions for the speedy recovery of patients and prevent the development of many complications. Proper care is the key to the success of treatment even in the most difficult cases. The more severe the patient, the more difficult it is to care for him. Patient care is the direct responsibility of the nurse.


Learn how to take care of a patient.


After self-study of the topic, the student should know:

  • Rules for the assembly and transportation of linen;
  • Possible patient problems;
  • nursing interventions;

The student must be able to:

  • Organize and assist the patient in the morning toilet;
  • Submit a vessel and a urinal (for a man and a woman);
  • Take care of the external genitalia and perineum;
  • Change bed and underwear;
  • Use a functional bed;


  • Rules for the assembly and transportation of linen;
  • Possible patient problems;
  • nursing interventions;

Nursing care is the activities carried out to meet the basic needs of life, alleviate the patient’s condition and achieve a favorable outcome of the disease.

General care allows you to serve patients regardless of the type and nature of the disease. General care includes independent and dependent nursing interventions.

Independent nursing interventions include:

ü personal hygiene procedures (change of bed and underwear, skin hygiene, morning toilet, satisfaction of physiological functions (delivery of a vessel, urinal);

ü satisfaction of physiological needs (feeding the patient, taking an adequate amount of liquid);

ü communication with the patient, his relatives on issues of a healthy lifestyle, personal hygiene, leisure.

Dependent nursing interventions include the fulfillment of medical prescriptions:

ü drug treatment (injections, dressings, distribution of medicines);

ü physiotherapeutic procedures (oxygen therapy, setting mustard plasters, hydrotherapy);

ü setting enemas, the introduction of a urinary catheter;

ü preparation and assistance in carrying out laboratory and instrumental research methods.

The volume of nursing interventions to meet the disturbed needs of the patient depends on his physical and mental status. In a serious condition, the nurse performs the patient’s personal hygiene measures in full.

Special care allows you to serve patients of a certain type of pathology (neurological, gynecological, cardiological patients).

Professional care for a seriously ill patient, first of all, should be

the highest quality, combining the high professionalism and humanity of a nurse. She must combine her knowledge, skills and experience with caring for a person who has individual characteristics: character, habits, desires. Creating favorable conditions for the patient, a delicate and tactful attitude, readiness to help at any moment are essential elements of quality nursing care.

It has been found that people feel better and recuperate much faster when their desire for self-care is supported.


A sick person often needs help with personal hygiene and excretion of waste products. In this case, the sister’s hands become the hands of the patient. It should be remembered that patients are often shy, try not to resort to outside help, especially if the manipulations are intimate. Therefore, the nurse must know all the factors of the patient’s life in order to provide individual care and encourage him to maximize independence and self-reliance, recovery.

When making a decision about the person you are caring for, ask yourself the following questions :

v Is he safe?

v Do I respect his right to privacy?

v Do I treat him with respect?

v Does he have a desire to talk?

v Should I say something to him?

v How can you encourage his independence?

v What can I do to prevent infection?

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