The main types of medical institutions


Documentation of the admission department of the hospitalOutpatient-polyclinic documentation

Inpatient medical record ——— outpatient record

patient (case history)—————

———-statistical coupon

emergency notification——————— Documentation of medical

Departments of the hospital

———- admission ticket

hospitalization log——————- drug log——— n ———- admission and delivery log

medical substances p duty ———- dispensary observation card

hospitalization denial log——— o

prescription log——— c p ——— portioner ——— emergency notice

statistical map of the dropout—e

from hospital

blood transfusions and blood substitutes for nursing staff———– r ——— requirement to the pharmacy n ——— referrals for tests, referrals for bio——— s ——— sultation prescription log, treatment room blood chemistry, on RW, th HIV, group and Rh- ——— summary of the movement of patients ——— extract from the outpatient card, factor for t san.-resort card a b ——— sheet or certificate of temporary and disability no

The main types of medical institutions

To provide medical care to the population in our country, a wide network of various health care facilities has been created. Medical facilities are organizations designed to provide medical care to the population. According to their tasks and functions, they are divided into 2 main groups of healthcare facilities : outpatient clinics and hospitals.

Outpatient institutions include: outpatient clinics, clinics, medical units, dispensaries, consultations, ambulance stations, health centers (FAPs).

Inpatient institutions include: hospitals, clinics, hospitals, maternity hospitals, sanatoriums, hospices.

In order to improve the quality of medical and preventive work, since 1947, polyclinics have been merging with outpatient clinics and hospitals in Russia. Such an organization of work helps to improve the qualifications of doctors, and thereby improve the quality of public services.

The basic principles and content of the work of nurses in each health facility differ significantly. The volume of patient care is also different.

HOSPITALS (hospitals) are medical institutions where they provide care for patients who need constant monitoring (assessment of the clinical condition, repeated X-ray examinations, blood tests, urine tests, etc.), using methods of treatment that are difficult to carry out at home or in the clinic (dynamic monitoring of the patient’s condition, surgical interventions), emergency medical care. Currently, special stationary medical institutions are being created – nursing homes (hospices) for patients suffering from incurable diseases, doomed.

There are monoprofile and multiprofile hospitals. In multidisciplinary hospitals, they provide assistance to patients with various diseases (therapy, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, and so on), while monoprofile ones are designed to treat patients with any one disease (for example, an oncological hospital).

POLYCLINIC is a multidisciplinary healthcare facility designed to provide medical, including specialized, care to patients, and, if necessary, to examine and treat them on an outpatient basis and at home.

Polyclinics work according to the territorial-district principle, that is, a territory with a certain number of people is assigned to the district doctor and nurse, where they must carry out all medical and preventive measures, as well as conduct sanitary and educational work among the population.

The polyclinic includes offices of specialists (cardiologists, endocrinologists, ophthalmologists, and so on), diagnostic rooms, a treatment room, and a laboratory.

Job descriptions of the district nurse of the polyclinic:

– keep the necessary honey. documentation

– follow the doctor’s orders at the patient’s home and in the clinic

– instruct patients on preparation for various research methods

– help the doctor during the reception of patients

fulfilling the doctor’s prescription at the patient’s home (injections, cans, etc.), the district nurse teaches relatives the necessary rules for caring for the patient, solves problems that are within her competence.

In addition to district police officers, the clinic has procedural nurses, as well as nurses working with doctors of narrow specialties: an ophthalmologist, a neuropathologist, in a dressing room and other rooms.

The clinic has pre-medical appointments, where a nurse measures patients’ body temperature and blood pressure.

OUTPATIENT CENTER – a medical facility located in rural areas, where medical care is provided to patients on an outpatient basis and at home. The duties of the staff are the same as those of the employees of the clinic. The difference lies in the smaller number of employees and in the more limited possibilities of diagnostics and the volume of medical care.

DISPENSERS – medical institutions designed to provide specialized care to patients with certain diseases (dermal, venereological, oncological, and so on). The task of the medical staff of dispensaries is to identify, record and register patients among the population, provide specialized care, study the causes and conditions for the onset of diseases, preventive measures, as well as health education. work among the population.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY PART – unites a number of health facilities designed to provide medical care and medical care to workers and employees of large enterprises and organizations.

The MSU includes: a polyclinic, a hospital, a dispensary, a dispensary, etc. Their functions and the activities of medical personnel in these institutions are based on the principle of workshop areas and the closest approximation of medical care to the place of work. A feature of the work of the personnel of the medical unit is that preventive examinations of workers are systematically carried out here, specific working conditions are studied and prof. harmfulness, a set of preventive measures is being developed to improve the working and living conditions of the company’s employees.

ZDRAVPONKT is usually part of a polyclinic or medical unit and is not an independent health facility. Health centers are organized directly in large workshops, close to the working or construction site. Honey. health center staff (doctor, paramedic, m / s) provides pre-medical and first aid for injuries, poisoning, sudden illnesses; performs the necessary procedures prescribed by the doctor of the polyclinic or medical unit; measures body temperature and blood pressure, ensures the attendance of workers and employees of the enterprise for dispensary examinations, vaccinates, and conducts sanitary and educational work.

AMBULANCE STATIONS – are a medical institution and are designed to provide round-the-clock emergency medical care to patients with life-threatening conditions and childbirth, as well as transport patients to medical facilities. In these institutions, nurses can only perform the duties of dispatchers who receive calls from patients and transfer them to ambulance teams. help.

FEMALE CONSULTATIONS AND MATERNITY HOSPITALS, CHILD HOUSES, FAMILY PLANNING AND REPRODUCTION CENTERS – institutions for the protection of motherhood and childhood. Women’s clinics are designed to identify and treat patients with gynecological diseases, monitor pregnant women, treat them, and provide health education. work with pregnant women and women in childbirth.

Maternity hospitals provide assistance to women during childbirth, in the early postpartum period and care for newborns.

The duties of medical staff are similar to those of employees of hospitals and clinics.

SANATORIUMS, PROPHYLACTORIES – HCI, whose activities are based on the use of natural factors in the treatment of patients and the implementation of preventive measures in their free time.

The work of medical personnel is similar to the work of employees of hospitals, clinics, dispensaries.

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