The history of the name LEGO

Serious occupation or fashionable game?

Tsvetov Nikita

4th grade student

MBOU “Komsomolskaya secondary school”

Vavilova Tatyana Georgievna

MBOU “Komsomolskaya secondary school”

primary school teacher

year 2013

Content

Introduction …………………………………………………………………….. 3

Chapter 1

1.1.History of the creation of Lego ………………………………………………5

1.2.History of the origin of the name……………………………………7

1.3.History of games…………………………………………..8

1.4. Lego construction – a fashion game or a serious occupation? ….. 10

Chapter 2. Practical part

2.1. Research methods and materials ………….…………………..…12

2.2. Survey results…………….…………………………….13

2.3. Organization of the competition ……………………………………………….15

Conclusion ………………………………………………………..……….…16

List of sources and literature ………………………………………………17

Appendix

Introduction

My parents and I often go to toy stores. The world of children’s toys is huge, bright, colorful, one might say, rich. But if you look closely, everything is monotonous: in one store, in another, in the third one and the same models of cars, planes, transformers, how many of them and how difficult it is to make a choice.

On holidays, on my birthday, they give me a lot of toys, many of them, if something needs to move in them, very quickly fail – they break. And the main trouble is that they cannot be repaired. It seems that low-quality children’s toys help to establish a business for adults who do not think about the development of children at all.

To solve the problem of expanding children’s horizons will help the designers, which, fortunately, now there are many. How to choose from a huge number of things that will meet the needs, interests and requirements of children, be entertaining, useful, broaden their horizons, help in their studies?

The most interesting occupation for me is designing.

The model can be assembled according to the drawing, or you can come up with it yourself – assemble a car, for example, like dad’s, a real model with doors that open, the steering wheel and wheels spin, and it doesn’t matter if it breaks – you can repair it!

While constructing various models, I thought about who and when created such a useful toy, in which country, and I decided to find information about the history of the LEGO constructor.

There is no literature on this topic in the libraries of our village, so I found all the information on the Internet.

The purpose of my work: To study the history of the creation of Lego constructors.

Hypothesis : Lego construction is a serious developmental activity.

Object of study : Lego constructor and its creator.

Subject: the history of Lego, its changes over the years

Tasks:

1. Learn the history of the creation of Lego constructors.

2. Find out the history of the name.

3. Study the types of games.

4. Conduct a survey and process the data obtained.

5. Hold a competition of models “Lego – 2013”.

6. Prepare creative work.

Chapter 1

History of Lego

Usually the very first constructor in a child’s life is simple wooden cubes. Ole Kirk Christiansen, a carpenter from a poor Danish family, began with the manufacture of such a designer. In 1932, he opened a small firm manufacturing stepladders, ironing boards, and wooden toys. (Appendix 1)

Today, 8,000 people work on the creation of designers at 37 Lego enterprises. Construction sets are sold in 130 countries around the world , and at a rate of approximately seven boxes per second . But at the very beginning, things were not going so great for the carpenter Christiansen. And then, at random, he decided to engage in the production of wooden cubes. He took his own 12-year-old son Gottfried Kirk Christiansen as business partners.

In 1942, the factory burned down completely. But the Christiansen did not lose heart and after a couple of years they resumed production. In 1947, the cubes began to be made of plastic, and at the same time, the parts acquired pins for connecting to each other. This is how the first “real”, in our understanding, Lego constructor appeared.

In 1963, cubes began to be made from special ABS plastic, which is still used today. It is non-toxic and safe. In addition, today some special element is added to it so that a cube accidentally swallowed by a child is highlighted on x-rays.

Every year, Lego holds festivals for fans around the world.

The first tower built by fans in 1980 in England was 13.1 meters high. In Russia, the tower was erected four times. The largest of them, 25-meter, collected in the late 90s in Moscow , even got into the Guinness Book of Records. Today, the tower in the Chilean capital of Santiago is considered the tallest Lego building – 31 meters. It took three days and 550 thousand cubes to set the record. [5] (Annex 2)

Interestingly, the number of cubes that annually migrate from store shelves to children’s rooms can encircle the Earth five times. Of course, having previously fastened them into one tape.

And on the 65th anniversary of the company’s existence, a Star named Lego appeared in the constellation Ursa Minor. In the same year, 17-year-old Danish composer Frederik Magle wrote Lego Symphonic Fantasy. [4]

Reaching the moon 10 times is possible if you put all the cubes ever made one on top of the other.

2 thousandths of a millimeter is the accuracy of Lego elements.

There are 4 Legoland parks in the world: in Denmark, Great Britain, USA and Germany.

There are 62 building blocks for every person on the planet.

36,000 Lego pieces are produced per minute.

30.5 meters is the height of the tallest Lego tower. [3]

The history of the name LEGO

Ole Kirk came up with the name for his company a little later, in 1934. It was formed from the expression LEgGOdt. Translated from Danish, this means “a fascinating game” or play with pleasure.” Which is quite true – Lego games have been a lot of fun for children around the world for more than 70 years.

A few years later, the founder learned that the very phrase “LEGO” in Latin means “I study” or “I add.” It is obvious that the realization of this seriously influenced the future history of the company.

Only 7 people worked at LEGO at that time, enthusiastic carpenters who take great pleasure in creating new things. And they already then cared about the quality of products. Above their workplaces was a sign hung on the wall by Ole Christiansen: “Only the best is worthy.”

By the mid-1960s, over 500 people were working at the main LEGO factory.

Today, 8,000 people work on the creation of designers at 37 Lego enterprises. Construction sets are sold in 130 countries around the world, and at a rate of about seven boxes per second. [7]

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