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Learn the system of self-defense.
Today, judo is the second sport in terms of the number of people involved in it. This is about more than 28 million people. Football comes first.
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It is customary to say that there are 10 dans in Judo, but in fact there are 12! Surprisingly, no one has received 11 dan yet! And 12 dan was assigned to the creator of judo – Jigoro Kano .
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“Ukemi” (self-insurance): back, side, forward, somersault forward.
Self-insurance techniques are used to soften the blows of the body on the tatami when falling.
“Mae-ukemi” – self-insurance when falling forward (on the chest).
“Ushiro-ukemi ” – self-insurance when falling on your back.
“Yoko-ukemi” – self-insurance when falling on its side.
“Zenpo-tenkai-ukemi” – self-insurance from a kneeling position, somersault forward with a fall on its side.
“Mae-mawari-ukemi” – self-insurance from a standing position, somersault forward with a fall on its side.
Errors in self-insurance:
1. When falling back, bend your knees
2. When falling back, lean on your elbows
2. When falling on your side, lean on your elbows
3. When falling on your side, cross your legs
4. When somersaulting forward, lean on a straight arm
5. When falling forward, lean with straight arms on the palms with the hands forward
6. In any fall, rely on the heel or heels.
7. When falling on the back or on the side, the head is not pressed to the chest.
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How is a kimono (judogi) assembled?
How is the belt tied?
Fold the suit (judogi) for carrying as follows:
1. Gently straighten the jacket and fold the sleeves inwards.
2. put neatly folded trousers over the jacket.
3. fold the jacket with trousers (1/2) in width
4. Bend the jacket with trousers in half, tying it with a belt. There are many variations of judogi folding.
The belt is tied as follows:
a) The middle of the belt is selected with two hands
b) The kimono is wrapped around
c) A belt is applied in front and wound behind the back with both hands.
d) When the hands meet behind the back with one hand (which is more convenient), the belt is laid under the second half and both hands with the belt are brought forward (on the stomach)
e) The end of the belt, which is on top, is tucked into the lower end of the belt and brought up
f) The belt is tied with a simple knot, the end of the belt is pulled from above into the ring formed by the lower end.
The ends of the belt must be the same length and the parts of the lower belt must not stick out from under the upper part of the belt.
2. The second way. Traditional (Olympic)
What is Tai-Sabaki? Types of turns.
Six types of turns:
90 0 step forward
90 0 steps back
180 0 cross steps (one forward, the other back diagonally)
180 0 cross steps (one back, the other diagonally forward)
180 0 circular step forward
180 0 in a circular step back
With the help of tori turns, trying to unbalance the partner, he takes a position convenient for the reception. The axis of rotation passes through the base of the big toe of the supporting leg.
The main requirement when performing turns is to maintain the basic stance of the judoka. In the turn, the preparation of the throw and the removal of balance are performed, and for this you need a stable stance.
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Features of judo.
1. They fight in costumes – Judogi.
The judogi differs from other kimonos in that the upper part, up to the waist, is made of dense woven material. Usually judogi are white, but in Europe it is customary to perform in a blue kimono (when the wrestler’s surname is named second). This innovation is connected with the pressure of television, because. it is difficult for ignorant people to determine the technical actions of judokas in identical white kimonos.
2. For a strong and quick throw on a large part of the back, a clear victory is given – “ippon”
3. Apply chokeholds
4. Pain technique is used only on the elbow joint
5. The fight takes place on a square carpet – tatami
6.All commands are spoken in Japanese
7. For holding the opponent on the back for 20 seconds, a clear victory is given – “ippon”
2. Painful on the legs and other places, except for the elbow joint of the arm.
3 Actions violating the sporting spirit of judo, insulting the opponent and judges, as well as spectators.
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The name of the parts of the costume (judogi) and their use.
Judogi – clothes of the Japanese peasant,
The judogi jacket is a kimono , used for grappling in throws and chokes, as well as rollovers from belly to back.
Pants judogi – jubon , used for gripping during coups in the stalls.
Belt – obi , used when capturing throws and coups in the stalls.
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Greetings: kneeling (zarei), standing (ritsurei), correct posture.
Sequence of movements during greetings:
a) Ritsurei: when bowing while standing, the upper body is bent at an angle of 30 degrees, straight arms slide along the thigh and are fixed with the fingertips one fist above the knee
b) Zarei: from the main stance (heels together toes apart) Uke sits on his left knee, puts his right knee, connecting the feet of his thumbs, puts his palms on his thighs with his fingers inward. After that, resting his palms on the tatami, he slowly bends
torso, to a body position of about 30 degrees.
He gets up from his right foot, making movements in the reverse order.
Racks (Shisei): frontal, right, left.
There are two types of stances in judo: main and main protective. Each of them, in turn, has two varieties: left-handed and right-handed.
|Shizen Hongtai||Shizen Hontai||Basic natural|
|Migi Shizentai||Migi Shizentai||Right natural|
|Hidari Shizentai||Hidari Shizentai||Left natural|
|Jigo Hongtai||Jigo Hontai||Main protective|
|Migi Jigotai||Migi Jigotai||Right protective|
|Hydari Jigotai||Hidari Jigotai||Left protective|
To take the position of the main front stance, stand straight, facing an imaginary opponent, feet are shoulder-width apart, body muscles are relaxed, legs are slightly bent at the knees. Abs, knees and big
toes should be in line. Stay in the rack freely, relaxed. Your gaze is at the level of the opponent’s eyes or his chest. You should not look at your feet, as this will cause you to tilt your head a little and bend your body, which will affect your balance.
From the position of the main front rack, it is very easy to switch to any rack option.
To move from the front to the main right-sided stance, you should take a small step forward with your right foot or put your left foot back.
Classic grip: left hand grip
the middle of the right sleeve, and the right – the left lapel of the kimono.
If in the position of one of the variants of the main stance, the judoist stays constantly, then in the defensive one, only if necessary, upset the offensive plans of the enemy.
In a defensive stance, you spread your feet more widely than in a basic stance. Bend your knees and spread them apart, as if sitting down. The body bends in the lower back, leans forward slightly. If the right foot is in front, then it is a defensive right foot.
rack. The head turns to the right, facing the opponent. The body also slightly turn to the right. The left side is a mirror image of the right side.
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Disequilibrium (kuzushi). Eight main directions of unbalancing.
Throws in judo are made at the moment when the opponent is in an unstable, most unfavorable position for defense and, as it were, he himself helps to carry out the technique.
However, when dealing with a more experienced partner, one can no longer count on such gifts, and in a fight there will not always be time to wait for the right moment. You must be able to create profitable situations yourself, bringing the enemy into
a position convenient for carrying out a particular throw. Such preparations for throws are a sudden imbalance of the opponent due to a rapid and significant decrease in the area of u200bu200bits support.
In this case, the enemy finds himself in a very unstable position and is deprived of the opportunity not only to attack, but also to defend himself.
There are 8 directions of unbalance in judo.
1. Knocking down on socks. With a sharp movement, pull the partner towards you and up so that his heels come off the floor and he rises on his toes, leaning slightly forward.
2. Knocking down on the right little finger.
The left hand pulls the partner towards itself to the left and down, and the right hand pushes it from itself to the left and up. The partner twists diagonally away from himself so that his left leg comes off the floor, and the only support is the outer part of the right foot adjacent to the little toe.
3. Knocking down on the outer part of the right foot
The left hand pulls the partner to the left and down and slightly towards itself, and the right hand to the left and up so that his weight moves to the outer part of the right foot, and the left leg comes off the floor.
4. Knocking down on the right heel
the left hand pulls the partner down, and the right hand pushes up and slightly to the left. As a result, his left leg is slightly raised and only the outer part of the right heel serves as a support.
5. Knocking down on the heels
With a sharp push away from you and down, force the opponent to transfer the weight of the body to the heels so that the toes of his feet rise from the floor.
6. Knocking down on the left heel
The right hand pulls down, and the left hand pulls up and slightly to the right.
7. Knocking down on the outer part of the foot. Similarly 3.
8. Knocking down on the left little finger. Similarly 2.
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What is kata?
Kata is the perfect way to perform techniques.
These are uniform complexes of judo technical actions that have a strict order and rules for execution. The quality of the demonstration of these complexes determines the level of skill of judokas.
Kata in judo are studied in pairs, while one of the partners (Tori) performs a given sequence of techniques on the other (Uke).
Kata serve the purpose of practical study of the basic principles of judo, the correct execution of techniques, as well as the study of the philosophical principles underlying judo.
Today, there are 8 approved forms of kata, according to the first 5 of which, the world and European championships are held.
1. NAGE-NO-KATA (Kata of Throws)
2. KATAME-NO-KATA (Kata of restraining techniques)
3. KODOKAN-GOSHIN-JUTSU (Kata of self-defense)
4. JU-NO-KATA (Kata of softness)
5. KIME-NO-KATA (Kata of decisive moves)
6. KOSHIKI-NO-KATA (Kata of old tricks)
7. ITSUTSU-NO-KATA (Kata of five forms)
8. SEIRYOKU-ZENYO-KOKUMIN-TAIIKU-NO-KATA (Physical Education Kata)
When holding competitions in KATA, each judoist demonstrating one of the forms of KATA together with a partner, the judges give marks for each action, and according to the sum of marks for all actions of the complex, the athletes take the appropriate places.
In addition to those officially approved by the Kodokan, there are also a number of additional kata that are not included in the certification program.
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