The course of the educational event.

Summary of educational activities.

Topic: “Together against corruption!”

Target:

– Conduct a conversation with students about the problem of combating corruption and methods of its prevention

Event objectives:

1. Formation of the conviction about the inevitability of punishment for corruption offenses;

2. Development of the ability to reason and think critically;

3. Education of legal consciousness, improvement of legal culture, development of an active civic position of students.

Conduct form:

– educational conversation with the active involvement of students.

Preparatory work:

– posters “Together against corruption!”

– preparing a presentation on a given topic

– search for videos on a given topic

Registration:

1) Statements:

– “The most important thing in any state system is to arrange things through laws and the rest of the routine in such a way that it is impossible for officials to profit” Aristotle.

– “How difficult it is to engage in a profitable business without pursuing one’s own benefit” Luc de Vauvenargues.

– “One must be mentally clear, morally clean and physically tidy” A.P. Chekhov.

2) Posters;

3) Equipment:

– presentation;

– video material;

– assignments for group work.

Plan for the educational event:

I. Opening remarks;

II. Information for reflection;

1. Definition of the concept of “corruption”;

2. Discussion “What causes corruption?”;

III. Ways to fight corruption;

IV. Video demonstration;

V. Summing up. Reflection;

VI. Final word.

The course of the educational event.

I. Introductory speech by Koptleuova L.B. .

At the initiative of the United Nations, December 9 is celebrated as International Anti-Corruption Day. On this day in 2003, the UN Convention against Corruption, adopted by the UN General Assembly on November 1, 2003, is open for signing. The document obliges the signatory states to declare bribes, embezzlement of budgetary funds and laundering of corruption proceeds as a criminal offense.

Our event is dedicated to a topic that is often discussed. It cannot be otherwise, because it affects the interests of every person. But it is very important that everyone understands what corruption is, what harm it brings, and how it can be combated.

Today we will analyze the answers of our respondents, consider what corruption is, what its forms and causes are, find out what the damage that corruption causes to the country and to each person individually can be; we will find out what ways to fight corruption exist in the world and in Kazakhstan.

(Information is shown in parallel in the presentation with the help of TCO)

II. Information for thought.

1. Definition of the event “corruption”

Students Answers:

– I understand corruption as the abuse of one’s power, work or professional position.

– Corruption is the moral decay of officials and politicians, expressed in illegal enrichment, bribery, theft.

Corruption is the plague of our generation. From time immemorial, people have been struggling with it, but they can’t eliminate it in any way.

Master student Nurseytov M.: Thank you for your answers. In the modern concept, corruption also means the use of power for personal gain. Corruption acts as a complex social phenomenon that originated in ancient times and continues to exist at the present time.

Unfortunately, corruption exists in almost all spheres of society and manifests itself in a wide variety of forms and types. Corruption can be seen in the works of Russian classics, for example, in the works of N.V. Gogol. Remember how in the work “The Government Inspector” the writer comes out with a denunciation of the entire bureaucratic system. He brings to the fore a whole team – officials, their wives and children, merchants, philistines, policemen and other inhabitants. The bribe in the work is one of the central elements of the overall picture. I think that the problem that Gogol discusses in the work is still relevant.

Corruption includes two components: legal (corruption offenses, crimes) and ethical (moral and ethical corruption deviations, violations). Being an antisocial phenomenon, it is immoral in its essence. In many ways, it is society’s tolerance for everyday manifestations of corrupt behavior that makes corruption so widespread. Corruption corrodes public morality, cultivates greed, greed, ignoring the law, violence. There are always two sides involved in corruption, and it is always a matter of moral choice. In order for this choice to be more meaningful, balanced, objective information, knowledge, illustrative examples of negative consequences, a clearly defined position of the state and the whole society are needed.

To decompose morally, not to be “pure” morally – is it worthy of a self-respecting person? How to answer this question is up to you. This answer will determine your position in life.

(Information is shown in parallel in the presentation with the help of TCO)

Master student Azizkhanov P.: Very often we assign the names of bribe-takers only to officials. But the problem of corruption cannot be reduced to them. Persons who offer money are the same corrupt officials.

Sociologists conducted a survey of the population about bribes. As a result, it turned out that 61.3% of respondents expressed their readiness to solve their problems by giving a bribe. About 30% of citizens do not give bribes as a matter of principle.

(Information is shown in parallel in the presentation with the help of TCO)

2. Discussion “What causes corruption”?

Task: write down the reasons for corruption on a piece of paper. One reason, one point. Whose team writes more reasons, that team earns more points.

The students gave the following reasons:

– Low salaries of civil servants

– Ignorance of the laws

– Desire for easy money

– Frequent turnover of persons in various positions

– Instability in the country

– Corruption as a habit

– Low standard of living of the population

– Weak development of state institutions

– Unemployment

– Underdevelopment of civil society institutions

Master student Mendigaliyeva A.B. complements student responses:

1. The main cause of corruption is human greed. This is due to the desire for personal well-being. Therefore, politicians and employees begin to use their position to create personal wealth. Watching this, young people perceive public service as a convenient and attractive way of life.

2. Yet, despite the same nature of man, societies are corrupt in different ways. The level of corruption can be related to the culture, mentality and traditions of the society. For example, it is believed that Protestant societies perceive corruption as an evil more easily, since Protestant ethics clearly distinguish between social and individual values. Corruption is easier to take root in countries with a low level of social development and immature civic consciousness.

3. The level of corruption is also affected by the maturity of the legal system. Corruption is encouraged by unclear, contradictory and constantly changing legislation, distrust of law enforcement agencies. Therefore, the level of corruption is lower in states with long-established statehood, and whose law and democracy are based on ancient traditions.

Azizkhanov P. provides additional information on the types and forms of corruption:

Depending on the field of activity, corruption manifests itself in the following forms:

– Corruption in the sphere of public administration concerns public servants (officials) in power who manage public resources and make decisions not in the interests of the state and society, but based on selfish convictions.

Parliamentary corruption is expressed in the purchase of votes during elections.

– Business corruption arises in the interaction of government and business. For example, in the event of a commercial dispute, the parties may seek to enlist the support of a judge in order to reach a decision in their favor.

– Corruption in enterprises is expressed in the fact that an employee of a commercial or public organization disposes of resources that do not belong to him and, due to this, illegally enriches himself.

– Household corruption is generated by interaction of ordinary citizens and officials. It includes various gifts from citizens and services to an official and members of his family.

In life, our rights are often violated, we have to defend our rights, and restore those violated. Teams need to recover the words within a certain time.

Assignment for students: Consider the situations and indicate in which of them cases of corruption are presented, and in which they are not.

1. In gratitude for the fact that the doctor cured her seriously ill child, Amina gave the doctor a bouquet of flowers from her garden.

2. Accountant Ivanova S. used fake invoices that contain incorrect information.

3. A candidate for deputies agreed with the company on financing its elections to state authorities, in return he promised to help this company get good orders.

4. A public official uses an official car and fuel for personal purposes.

5. Arman was forced to thank the official who deliberately took time to resolve his issue.

6. A government official comes to work late, returns early from work, and attends to personal business during working hours.

III. Interactive conversation.

1 . Nurseytov M.: “Consequences of corruption”.

– Economic (material) and psychological (non-material) consequences of corruption.

Material consequences: ruin of private entrepreneurs; lower investment in production, slower economic growth; lowering the quality of general service; inefficient use of abilities, people; growing social inequality; increase in organized crime.

Non-material consequences: damage to the political legitimacy of power; decline in public morality; erosion of values; feeling of injustice and injustice.

2 . Azizkhanov P.: “Name the ways to fight corruption” (question to students)

1) – In order for the fight against corruption to bring results, the desire of all people is needed. After all, bribery exists not only thanks to those who take, but also to those who give. Many prefer to solve their cases in a “fast track” by offering money. Often this is easier than waiting for the resolution of cases on a general basis.

2) – First of all, you need to educate yourself and stop solving problems financially. If there were no bribe givers, then there would be no those who receive them. We ourselves accustom to money, to various kinds of rewards, those who can solve our problems.

3) – Nowadays, there are long queues in many places, you can wait for some document for years; It takes a lot of hard work to get somewhere. To facilitate their actions or to do something very quickly, people give money. And it really speeds up the process.

4) – Most people most often view corruption in terms of compensation for the low pay of an official. However, there are many people around us who receive a small salary!

5) – In my opinion, it is possible to eliminate corruption only by eliminating its cause – the unfavorable state of society. If we want our republic to develop successfully, we must fight corruption.

6) – The concepts of honor and spotless reputation should become unshakable for every citizen of the country. It is necessary to eliminate the gaps in the legal education of the population. It is necessary to form the ethics of citizens.

3 ) Undergraduate Mendigaliyeva A.B: “What leads to corruption?” (question to students)

– a large gap in incomes of the population;

– a sharp drop in wages;

– weakening of state control;

– uncertainty of norms of market behavior,

– gaps in the legislation.

IV . Demonstration of a video about the impact of corruption on the professionalism of a doctor.

V. Summing up. Reflection.

Summarizing.

– Was this conversation interesting for you? What new things have you discovered for yourself? (student answers)

– What questions would you like answered? What do we all need to think about?

VI. Closing remarks by undergraduates.

Corruption is a negative phenomenon. It undermines the foundations of society, creates threats to development, contributes to the fall of trust in state bodies, destroys the economy, the morality of society. We believe that in order to change the world, you need to start with yourself. In this regard, we propose to start with ourselves and stop any manifestations of corruption. Only together, cultivating moral purity in ourselves, can we achieve our goal. It depends on you and me – in which state we will live: honest or corrupt?

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