Tests for credit in the discipline "Professional ethics"

TOPIC 1. The nature and essential content of morality

1. What is the most important principle that reveals the essence of morality?

a) the principle of collectivism

b) the principle of individualism

c) all of the above

2. One of the main principles of morality:

a) the principle of humanism

b) the principle of selfishness

c) the principle of altruism

3. What is the principle of altruism?

a) in caring for the welfare of another person

b) in readiness for self-sacrifice

c) all of the above

4. What is selfishness often identified with?

a) with individualism

b) intolerant

c) with indifference

5. The principle of tolerance implies:

a) tolerance

b) manifestation of intolerance

c) indifference

6. What function does public opinion perform?

a) organizing

b) protective

c) all of the above

7. What is the essence of the regulatory function of morality?

a) regulate people’s behavior

b) regulates the relations of people in society

c) all of the above

8. With the help of what methods is the educational impact of morality, morality on a person carried out?

a) persuasion and coercion

b) self-discipline and self-education

c) all of the above

9. What is the most important sign of moral duty?

a) obligation

b) voluntariness

c) interest

10. What causes a person to have a sense of duty?

a) awareness of the demands of duty

b) experiencing the demands of duty

c) all of the above

11. To whom is a person responsible in terms of social responsibility?

a) in front of other people

b) before God

c) in front of yourself

12. What types of responsibility are in demand in the practice of management and business in modern Russia?

a) a person’s responsibility to himself

b) legal liability

c) administrative responsibility

d) moral responsibility

e) social responsibility

f) criminal liability

TOPIC 2. Ethics as a science of morality

1. What class of disciplines does ethics belong to?

a) humanitarian

b) social

c) technical

2. The science of morality, ethics, universal laws of human behavior in society is:

a) cultural studies

b) logic

c) ethics

d) dialectic

3. What is the specific aspect in which human life is considered by ethics?

a) system of relations

b) communication

c) all of the above

4. What is meant by “social regulators” of behavior?

a) tradition, law

b) morality, etiquette

c) all of the above

5. What is the central problem of ethics?

a) morality

b) good and evil

c) good behavior

6. What is meant by a “crisis of values”?

a) a situation where morality loses its evidence

b) a situation where people no longer understand what is good and evil

c) all of the above

7. What is rational authority based on?

a) on equality between authority and subject

b) on inequality and subordination

c) all of the above

8. What is irrational authority based on?

a) on equality between authority and subject

b) on inequality and subordination

c) all of the above

9. Control-mandatory categories of ethics:

a) honor and dignity

b) the meaning of life and happiness

c) duty and conscience

d) good and evil

10. Honor and dignity are:

a) ethical categories that serve to designate moral feelings that express a person’s moral attitude towards himself

b) control-mandatory categories that reflect special mechanisms of moral consciousness aimed at reconciling private interests with common interests

c) the moral qualities of a person, which he shows in activities aimed at achieving good

d) rules, norms, values by which people are guided in their activities and which regulate the relationship of people to each other.

11. Fundamental principles of legal ethics:

a) humanism

b) legitimacy

c) justice

d) bureaucracy

e) unconditional performance

2. The term “ethics” was introduced into scientific circulation …

A. Protagoras

B. Aristotle

V. Plato

G. Democritus

3. Depending on the nature of the general rules of conduct (norms) being created, the mechanism for their implementation and the means of ensuring, establish a correspondence between the main types of regulatory regulation:

A. Traditional

B. Moral

B. 3. Corporate

G. Legal

– which is carried out by developing and implementing, mainly in the sphere of personal relations, a system of moral principles (representations of society, its social groups about good and evil, justice and injustice), provided by the power of public opinion;

– which is carried out as a technology of management activity is closely related to the ethics of business relations in the field of humanitarian decisions in the production and business sphere;

– which is carried out by creating and implementing intra-organizational norms of various kinds of public associations, provided by their authority;

– the basic moral provisions that determine the nature of the professional activity of a lawyer and are fixed in any document (charter, code, contract, agreement, etc.);

– which is carried out through the creation and implementation – of law, a system of special rules of conduct that regulate the most significant relations for society and are provided by the authority and power of state power;

– is carried out through the formation and implementation in society of customs and traditions – rules that develop as a result of repeated repetition, selection and execution due to habit of the most rational forms of human behavior in their everyday life.

TOPIC 3. The nature and essence of business ethics

1. What is the basis of entrepreneurial success?

a) knowledge of business etiquette

b) the ability to behave culturally

2. A set of the most important assumptions accepted by the members of the organization and expressed in the values declared by the organization that give people guidelines for their behavior and actions:

a) house rules

b) corporate culture

c) duties

d) code of honor

3. What is the basis for the success of any modern collective activity?

a) cooperation and mutual assistance

b) in conflict and confrontation

c) in strict discipline

4. How is a working group different from other social groups?

a) a socially significant purpose of the activity

b) the presence of governing bodies and leadership

c) all of the above

5. … ethics – a set of rules of conduct for a certain social group, ensuring the moral nature of the relationship, due to or associated with the professional activities of a lawyer

6. … – the formed image of a lawyer in the professional community, in which value characteristics and traits are distinguished that have a certain impact on others.

7. Social … – a certain level of voluntary response from any organization, incl. legal community, on social problems.

8. … on ethics – permanent commissions at the level of prosecutors, chairmen of courts, heads of the highest level of legal services, which evaluate the daily practice of lawyers and organizations providing legal services in terms of professional ethics and morality.

9. Regulatory documents, which are called …, describe a system of common values, norms and rules of conduct that seem to be mandatory for all specialists in the legal professional field.

10. Legal ethics as a science arises in:

a) late 19th century

b) the end of the twentieth century

c) mid-twentieth century

d) the period of formation of bourgeois relations

11. … is the recognition by public opinion and the awareness by the employees themselves of the high social value and importance of fulfilling their professional duties and professional legal duty.

12. Indicate the moral and ethical prerequisites for the association of offenders in criminal gangs (mark all correct answers):

– herd instinct

– general norms of behavior in the immediate environment and shared standards of the criminal subculture, defects in the legal consciousness of group members

– crowd psychology

– awareness of the impossibility of committing a crime and evading responsibility without joining a criminal group

– community of criminal interests, needs and motives

13. What is the ethical meaning of the professional holiday Lawyer’s Day (mark all correct answers):

A. Consolidates the professional community of lawyers

B. Promotes the formation of social optimism among the professional community

C) Creates conditions for motivating employees (boosting verbally and in writing)

D) Trains legal staff

14. One of the main categories of ethics, social necessity, expressed in moral requirements in the form in which they appear before a certain person, is …

Answer: debt

15. Which definition of one of the main categories of ethics is correct: Dignity is:

A. the moral attitude of a person towards himself and the attitude towards him from the side of society, those around him, when the moral value of a person is associated with the moral merits of a person, with his specific social position, occupation and moral merits recognized for him;

B. the opinion about the moral character of a person that has developed among others, based on his previous behavior;

B. the concept of moral consciousness, which expresses ideas about the value of every person as a moral personality, as well as the category of ethics, which means a person’s special moral attitude towards himself and the attitude towards him on the part of society, which recognizes the value of the individual;

D) the concept of moral consciousness, which characterizes the appropriate distribution of good and evil among people.

Answer: V

16. The emergence of professional ethics was due to:

A. the need to regulate social relations

B. theoretical scientific research

B. social division of labor, the emergence of professions and the development of industrial relations

G. the desire of representatives of specific professions to improve their activities

Answer B

17. Professional ethics are:

A) a real system of norms that regulate the behavior of people in society

B) the philosophical science of the essence of morality, the laws of its origin, development and functioning

C) a science that studies the problems of morality in society

D. the science of the application of general moral standards and specific requirements in the daily activities of a law enforcement officer

D. the doctrine of professional morality

18. A negative distortion of the ideological and psychological sphere of an individual or society that can harm the legal regulation of social relations and manifests itself both in the field of consciousness and in legal practice is ….

Answer: distortion of legal consciousness

19. Establish a correspondence between the types of professional deformation of a lawyer, based on the following formulations:

A. Legal nihilism

B. Legal infantilism

B. Negative-legal radicalism

D. Speculative-legal populism

E. Moral-legal conformism

A. passive perception of legal reality, adjusting to the established standards of moral and legal behavior, uncritical attitude to marginal requirements and acts of practical activity;

B. gaps and bad manners of legal consciousness, determined by insufficient legal knowledge and skills to perform official functions;

B. the formed illegally oriented consciousness of an official who uses professional knowledge and skills for personal purposes;

D. a set of experiences, feelings, moods, emotions, which reflect the attitude of people to the current and desired law;

D. negative-negative, disrespectful attitude to law, laws, normative order;

E) the subjective attitude of the official to the external affectation of his personality and performance results

Answer: 1. e), 2. b), 3 c), 4 f), 5. a)

20. Name the founder of judicial ethics in Russia:

A. I. A. Ilyin

B. M. M. Speransky

W. A. F. Koni

G. S. Yu. Witte

D. V. K. Plehve

21. A set of rules of conduct for judges and other professional participants in criminal, civil and arbitration proceedings, ensuring the moral nature of their professional activities and off-duty behavior, as well as a scientific discipline that studies the specifics of the manifestation of moral requirements in this area is …

22. Name the sources containing professional ethical norms and principles that determine the behavior of a lawyer in the course of advocacy and off-duty:

A. Rules of professional conduct

B. Lawyer Code of Ethics

B. Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation

D. Federal Law “On Advocacy and Advocacy in the Russian Federation”

D. Charter of Corporate and Business Ethics

Answer: 2, 4

23. The code of professional ethics for a lawyer was adopted:

A. In 2001

B. In 2004 at the referendum

B. In 2003

G. In 2000

Answer: 3

24. Eliminate the extra statement:

The following types of responsibilities of a lawyer are provided for:

A. civil law, on the basis of a contract;

B. disciplinary;

B. administrative;

G. corporate;

D. material;

E. criminal

25. Choose the correct statement: notarial secret variety:

A) professional secrecy;

B) corporate secrets;

C) state secrets;

D) trade secrets

26. The rules of conduct for notaries engaged in private practice are formulated in:

A. In the order of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation

B. In the Professional Code of Notaries of the Russian Federation

B. In the European Code of Ethics

D. In the order of the notary chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation

27. Eliminate the wrong statement:

The system of principles of criminal proceedings in Russia includes the following fundamental ideas (Chapter 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure):

A. legality;

B. administration of justice only by the court;

B. respect for the honor and dignity of the individual;

D. inviolability of the person, home, secrecy of postal items; telephone and other conversations;

D. the principle of guilt;

G. presumption of innocence;

Z. competitiveness of the parties;

I. providing the accused with the right to defense;

K. the language of criminal proceedings;

L. the right to appeal proceedings and decisions;

M. equality of citizens before the law and the court;

N. publicity of criminal proceedings;

O. Freedom to Evaluate Evidence

TOPIC 4. Business communication: its essence and functions

1. What is the main mechanism of business communication in a traditional society?

a) ritual, tradition

b) customs

c) all of the above

2. What should be the basis of the ethics of business communication in the legal field?

a) coordination of interests

b) harmonization of interests

c) all of the above

3. Business communication in the field of jurisprudence is a complex multifaceted process of developing contacts between people in:

a) service area

b) the field of communication

c) the process of interaction

d) personal

4. A specific feature of business communication in the legal field is:

a) unlimited in time

b) regulation

c) lack of rules and regulations

d) heart to heart talk

e) continue the list of specific features ….

5. Business etiquette includes a group of rules:

a) norms, interaction of equals in status

b) instructions, a certain contact between the leader and the subordinate

c) the requirements of the head to the top management

d) subordinate orders for the leader

6. Establishing contact (acquaintance) in business communication of the legal sphere involves:

a) maintaining neutrality

b) violation of the rules of etiquette

c) understanding the other person

d) presenting yourself to another person

7. The main requirement of the culture of communication on the phone is:

a) brevity (conciseness) of presentation

b) duration of communication

c) clarity of presentation

d) toughness in conversation

25. Name the types of barriers to business communication in the legal field:

a) social

b) worldview

c) psychological

d) interlingual

e) technical

f) somatic

TOPIC 5. Business etiquette

1. When did Western etiquette begin to take root in Russia?

a) early 18th century

b) in the middle of the XVIII century.

c) at the end of the 18th century

2. Find the wrong statement:

a) ethics (the doctrine of morality, morality) – a system of norms for the moral behavior of people, their public duty, their duty towards each other

b) etiquette – a set of rules of conduct relating to the external manifestation of relations with people

c) ethics and etiquette are interchangeable concepts

d) etiquette is part of the external culture of society

3. There are several types of etiquette, the main of which are:

a) court etiquette

b) business etiquette

c) military etiquette

d) civil etiquette

e) diplomatic etiquette

f) student etiquette

4. Author of one hundred and ten rules of “decent behavior” in the USA:

a) George Washington

b) Franklin Roosevelt

c) Arnold Schwarzenegger

d) John Kennedy

5. At the court of which monarch the word “etiquette” first appeared:

a) Peter I

b) Catherine II

c) King Arthur

d) Louis XIV

6. Find the wrong statement:

a) in Russia, the first printed manual on etiquette appeared in 1717. under Peter I

b) the first printed manual on etiquette in Russia – “Domostroy”

c) the first printed manual on etiquette in Russia – “An honest mirror of youth”

d) at the direction of Peter I, the book of Erasmus of Rotterdam “On the rules of good form” was published

7. Find the wrong statement:

a) Andrei Kurbsky was the first in Russia to introduce the appeal “You”

b) France and England are called “classical countries” of etiquette

c) Spain is considered the birthplace of etiquette

d) Italy is considered the birthplace of etiquette

8. Who in Russia during the time of Ivan IV compiled the set of rules “Domostroy”?

a) Priest Sylvester;

b) Nestor the chronicler;

c) court servant Luke;

d) Archpriest Avvakum.

9. Find the wrong statement:

a) the most common clothing for lawyers today is a suit

b) the most common clothing for lawyers today is a tuxedo

c) monophonic fabrics are suitable for service environment and solemn occasions

d) The bottom button of a man’s jacket must be unbuttoned.

10. In no case should a lawyer appear in the office:

a) sports shoes

c) with a bare navel

b) in T-shirts

d) wearing dresses

d) in a summer suit

11. Throughout its history, mankind has developed such fundamentally different management tools:

a) revolution

c) culture, ethics;

b) market

d) hierarchy

e) constitution

13. In the speech etiquette of business people, the following is of great importance:

a) a compliment

b) flattery

c) all of the above

14. List all the words and expressions that you know and use to express gratitude:

– etc.

15. List all the words and expressions that you know and use in case of being wrong or guilty to express gratitude:

– etc.

Organizational and functional principles

2. Functional principles

a) the principle of legality; dispositivity principle; competitiveness; procedural equality of the parties; oral; immediacy; continuity.

b) correct and timely consideration and resolution of civil cases

c) administration of justice only by the court; collegiality and individuality in the consideration of civil cases; the independence of judges and their subordination only to the law; equality of citizens and organizations before the law and court; the principle of publicity; official language of legal proceedings

Answer: 1. – c). 2. – a

What does the notion “a person, his rights and freedoms are the highest value” mean?

1. The most important principle of the constitutional order of the Russian Federation.

2. Moral category.

3. Legal category.

4. Obligatory rule of law.

5. Impossible slogan.

21. The Code of Judicial Ethics was adopted by the All-Russian Congress of Judges:

1. In 2001

2. In 2004

3. In 2003

4. In 2000

22. The main ethical problems faced by a lawyer in an organization are characterized by the following features:

a) are associated with situations of moral choice;

b) are generated by various reasons: organizational, psychological, economic, legal, which sometimes declare themselves simultaneously;

c) associated with the awareness of their needs;

d) are international.

Remove inappropriate document

The activities of each company are simultaneously regulated by at least several types of codes of ethics:

a) corporate;

b) position on the motivation of employees;

c) professional (individual and/or institutional);

d) business ethics

Remove wrong answer

In addition to the rules themselves, codes of professional ethics include their various justifications, the sources of which, in particular for legal ethics, are:

a) laws and other normative legal acts, including international ones;

b) cases (precedents) from the practice of bringing representatives of the legal professions to disciplinary liability for violation of ethical standards;

c) descriptions and arguments formed directly in the practice of legal communities;

d) philosophy and mission of the organization;

e) arguments and reasoning models that are “born” in the depths of applied ethics and represent the provisions and conclusions of theoretical (philosophical) ethics, formulated in such a way that they can help in solving practical problems.

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