Test "Russia during the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich."

1. Which of the documents proclaimed the abolition of the “lesson” years and the indefinite search for fugitive peasants?

1) the Cathedral Code of 1649

2) Sudebnik 1497

3) Sudebnik 1550

4) decrees on lesson years

2. The “Council Code” of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich was adopted in

1) 1649

2) 1645

3) 1646

4) 1647

3. Which of these persons was a contemporary of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich?

1) I. Volotsky

2) Patriarch Nikon

3) Metropolitan Macarius

4) Sergius of Radonezh

4. The concept of “church schism” arose during the reign

1) Fedor Alekseevich

2) Alexei Mikhailovich

3) Peter I

4) Catherine II

5. In the reign of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich

1) there was a schism in the church

2) the patriarchate was established

3) Russia adopted Orthodoxy

4) the Synod was established

6. In what century did all these events take place – the “Salt Riot” in Moscow, the uprisings in Pskov and Novgorod, the “Copper Riot” in Moscow?

1) XV century.

2) XVI century.

3) XVII century.

4) XVIII century.

7. The followers of Archpriest Avvakum and other church leaders who refused to accept the church reform of Patriarch Nikon were called

1) Old Believers

2) pagans

3) shearers

4) non-possessors

8. Read the passage and indicate which document it refers to

“Also, there will be some patrimonials and landowners who will teach the sovereign to beat his forehead about his fugitive peasants and bobs of those peasants and bobs, according to the investigation, to give away according to scribe books without fixed years. The court for their peasants is sought and they are responsible for the nobles and children of the boyars in all cases, except for tatba and robbery, and red-handed and mortal murders.

1) “Cathedral Code” of 1649

2) “Sudebnik” 1497

3) “Sudebnik” 1550

4) “Russian Truth”

9. Read an excerpt from the work of the historian V.O. Klyuchevsky and indicate the name of which monarch is associated with the activity of the persons named in the source.

“From the whole moral reserve, drawn by ancient Russia from Christianity, Rtishchev brought up in himself the most difficult and most akin to ancient Russian valor – humility … Peace-loving and benevolent, he could not stand hostility, anger, got along with all the outstanding businessmen of his time: and with Ordin- Nashchokin, and with Nikon, and with Avvakum, and with Slavinetsky, and with Polotsky, for all the dissimilarity of their characters and trends, he tried to keep the Old Believers and Nikonians in the field of theological thought, book dispute, not allowing them to church contention.

1) Peter I

2) Alexei Mikhailovich

3) Boris Godunov

4) Alexander I

10. Read an excerpt from the work of the historian V.O. Klyuchevsky and indicate to whom this characteristic refers.

“With the kindness and gentleness of character, this respect for human dignity in a subject produced a charming effect on his own and others and earned him the nickname “the quietest king.” Foreigners could not be surprised that this king, with his unlimited power over a people accustomed to complete slavery, did not encroach on anyone’s property, nor anyone’s life, nor anyone’s honor.

1) Alexei Mikhailovich

2) Petr Alekseevich

3) Pavel Petrovich

4) Peter Fedorovich

11. One of the consequences of the adoption of the Council Code of 1649 was

1) the establishment of an indefinite investigation of runaway peasants

2) extension of the terms of the search for peasants up to 15 years

3) the abolition of the rule “there is no extradition from the Don”

4) permission for landowners to exile peasants to Siberia

12. The result of the conclusion of the “Eternal Peace” with Poland (1686) was that

1) Russia received Left-bank Ukraine and Kyiv

2) Russia got access to the Baltic Sea

3) The Commonwealth abandoned the Right-Bank Ukraine

4) The Commonwealth returned Novgorod to Russia

13. What event happened in 1654?

1) publication of the Charter to the nobility

2) accession to Russia of Left-bank Ukraine

3) adoption of the Council Code

4) the signing of the Nystad peace with Sweden

14. Read an extract from a modern historian’s work and write the name of the patriarch in question.

“Exiled to the Ferapontov Monastery on Beloozero with the rank of a monk, he outlived his “common friend” Alexei Mikhailovich for five years. All the years spent in the monastery, he hoped for the resumption of the former friendship of the king, who humanly experienced a break and persecution against him, repeatedly asked for blessings for himself and his family. In 1676, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich died, and in 1681 the Patriarch was allowed to return to the New Jerusalem Monastery, but death prevented this.”

15. Read the passage from the historian’s work and name the king in question.

“The fact that contemporaries called the 17th century a “rebellious” century is largely based on the realities of Russian history of this period. It would seem that the sovereign who ruled in such difficult conditions could become hardened, hardened, introduce an exclusively authoritarian regime, in a word, resemble his not so distant predecessor, Ivan the Terrible. The tsar, of course, resorted to tough and even cruel measures when it came to suppressing popular uprisings, when it was a question of preserving the entire system of state power. But in his character, inclinations, addictions in everyday life, he was very different from the Russian tyrant of the sixteenth century. No wonder they called him the Quietest.

16. The split of the Russian Orthodox Church in the seventeenth century. reflected in confrontation

1) Patriarch Nikon and Archpriest Avvakum

2) Joseph Volotsky and Nil Sorsky

3) Metropolitan Macarius and Priest Sylvester

4) Ivan the Terrible and Andrei Kurbsky

17. “Coming out of the peasantry and becoming a monk, he, thanks to his remarkable abilities, advanced far in the church hierarchy; By the time of Alexei’s accession to the throne, he was the archimandrite of the Novospassky Monastery. The young pious tsar was certainly under the strong influence of this talented Orthodox preacher. They developed a close relationship. And as a result, with the support of Alexei Mikhailovich, in 1649 he became Metropolitan of Novgorod, and in 1652 – Patriarch.

1) Filaret

2) Job

3) Habakkuk

4) Nikon

18. In what century did the expeditions of the pioneer Semyon Dezhnev take place?

1) XV century.

2) XVI century.

3) XVII century.

4) XVIII century.

19. What date is associated with the final enslavement of the peasants?

1) 1480

2) 1556

3) 1649

4) 1721

20. In what century did the Zemsky Sobor take place, which decided to annex Left-Bank Ukraine and Kyiv to Russia?

1) XVI century.

2) XVII century.

3) XVIII century.

4) XIX century.

21. In what year did the Salt Riot break out in Moscow?

1) 1480

2) 1648

3) 1700

4) 1762

22. Russian advance into Siberia in the 17th century. associated with the name

1) Ermak Timofeevich

2) Semyon Dezhnev

3) Stepan Razin

4) Vitus Bering

23. Which of the following was one of the reasons for the church schism in the 17th century?

1) the tsar’s secularization of church lands

2) the decision to correct church texts

3) establishment of the patriarchate

4) the aggravation of the struggle between the non-possessors and the Josephites

24. Which of the following was one of the reasons for the riots of 1648 and 1662 in Moscow?

1) the introduction of new duties and money

2) liquidation of city self-government

3) the introduction of recruitment for the townspeople

4) providing foreign merchants with advantages in trade

25. Which of the following was a consequence of the church reform of the 17th century carried out by Nikon?

1) establishment of the patriarchate

2) church schism

3) secularization of church lands

4) establishment of the Synod

26. Which of the above referred to the results of the foreign policy activities of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich?

1) accession to Russia of Left-bank Ukraine

2) the conclusion of the Nystadt peace treaty with Sweden

3) accession to Russia of the Kazan and Astrakhan khanates

4) Russia getting access to the Black Sea

27. Which of the following happened in the 17th century?

1) church schism

2) Livonian War

3) Northern war

4) creation of the Holy Synod

28. What was the name of the natural tax levied in the 17th – 18th centuries. from the indigenous peoples of Siberia and the Far East?

1) plow

2) tax

3) elderly

4) yasak

29. What was it called in the 16th – 17th centuries. tax in kind from the peoples of the North and Siberia, levied in favor of the state mainly in furs?

1) tax

2) poll tax

3) yasak

4) quitrent

30. Read an excerpt from the work of G. Kotoshikhin and write the name of the king, during whose reign the described events took place.

“And seeing the tsar, that there began to be a great theft in money and a lot of bloodshed was committed, and those copper money fell in price from year to year, at first the ruble went against the ruble, and then they began to go in 2 and 3 and 4 and 5 and 6 and 10 … rubles of copper money for a silver ruble … and in the state poverty taught to be silver money, but everything was expensive for copper money and many were dying of hunger: and intending the tsar, so that something else would not be done between people, he ordered to leave those copper money and don’t trade…

31. What was one of the results of the Russian-Polish war of 1654-1667?

1) the return of Smolensk and Chernihiv-Seversky lands to Russia

2) Russia’s loss of access to the Baltic Sea

3) transfer of Right-Bank Ukraine to Russia

4) Russian loss of Novgorod lands

32. What was one of the causes of popular movements in Russia in the 17th century?

1) the final enslavement of the peasants

2) the introduction of the rule “St. George’s day”

3) the introduction of recruitment duty

4) the introduction of a poll tax

33. The concept of

1) Josephites

2) old believers

3) non-possessiveness

4) Freemasonry

34. In what year did the “Copper Riot” take place in Moscow?

1) 1497

2) 1533

3) 1662

4) 1707

35. Read an excerpt from the work of a historian and indicate which of the church leaders the described events are associated with.

“On the eve of the Great Lent of 1653, he sends “Memory” to all churches, a special decree in which, in a directive form, without explanation, it was prescribed: “According to the legend of St. the apostle is not befitting in the church to throw on his knee, but to bow to you at the waist “and” even with three fingers would be crystallized. “Memory” aroused at first confusion, and then an open protest of “provincial God-lovers” and some book references. “The heart went cold and the legs trembled” not only among Avvakum and his comrades, but also among the majority of priests and believers in Russia: the age-old custom of signification, which daily symbolizes involvement in Christianity, was violated.

1) Patriarch Filaret

2) Nil Sorsky

3) Patriarch Nikon

4) Joseph Volotsky

36. Read an excerpt from the historian’s essay about the Solovetsky Monastery and write the name of the phenomenon in church life with which the described events are connected.

“Monks, sophisticated scribes, owners of the richest library, and “worldly” settlers painfully accepted minor changes in liturgical books, recognizing them as a malicious deviation from the true faith and piety. And when in the first, delivered in 1657 to the monastery, corrected books, many “ungodly heresies and crafty innovations” were found, they were decided not to be accepted for service, to hide.

37. Which of the named names are associated with the events of the church schism in Russia in the 17th century?

A) Philaret

B) Habakkuk

B) Nikon

D) Joseph Volotsky

D) Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich

E) Tsar Fedor Ioannovich

38. Which of these events took place during the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich?

A) the adoption of the “Council Code”

B) Northern War

C) sections of the Commonwealth

D) Copper riot

D) Seven Years’ War

E) peasant-Cossack movement under the leadership of S. Razin

39. Which of the following provisions did the “Council Code” of 1649 contain?

A) the introduction of a poll tax

B) the final legal enslavement of the peasants

C) strengthening the authority, power and prestige of the king’s personality

D) the creation of Zemsky Sobors

D) attaching city residents to the settlement

E) exemption of nobles from compulsory service

40. During the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich,

1) annexation of Kazan

2) annexation of Alaska

3) the conquest of the Crimea

4) reunification of Ukraine with Russia

41. Which of the following provisions refers to the church reform of Patriarch Nikon?

1) replacement of a two-fingered sign of the cross with a three-fingered one

2) the opening of the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy

3) establishment of the Holy Synod

4) separation of church and state

42. The legislative act that finally enserfed the peasants was adopted in

1) 1613

2) 1649

3) 1654

4) 1670

43. Which of the named events refers to the 17th century?

1) the establishment of the patriarchate in Russia

2) creation of the Holy Synod

3) church schism

4) the struggle of the Josephites and non-possessors

44. Which of these figures is associated with the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich?

A) Boris Morozov

B) Bogdan Khmelnitsky

B) Prokopy Lyapunov

D) Afanasy Ordin-Nashchokin

D) Grigory Potemkin

E) Andrei Razumovsky

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