Maryina O.B., Popova N.A.
Excellent student of the exam. Literature. Solving complex tasks / FIPI. – M.: Intellect-Centre, 2010.
Examples of written responses of students to tasks C1, C2, C3, C4, requiring writing a detailed answer with a limited volume,
With ratings and comments
(The works of students are reproduced with the preservation of the features of the author’s spelling and punctuation)
Task C1. What is “Oblomovism”?
“Oblomovism” is a state of mind of a person who simply lies on the bed and does nothing, does not want to do anything and does not even realize that something needs to be done. A person is idle not because he is sick or tired, but because this is his usual state of mind. And he considers his behavior normal. Oblomov spends his whole life lying on the couch. This is what “Oblomovism” is.
Comment. The essence of the question and the specifics of the task are understood by the students. But the text of the answer testifies to a superficial understanding of the author’s idea. Score for the answer – 1 point.
Task C2. Which of the heroes of Russian literature can be attributed to the Oblomov type?
It is possible to attribute to the Oblomov type such heroes of Russian classics as: Nozdrev (“Dead Souls” by N.V. Gogol), who did not want to do business and was only interested in entertainment, Marmeladov (“Crime and Punishment” by F.M. Dostoevsky). This person also did absolutely nothing useful for society. He only knew how to drink his last money and did not care at all about his hungry children and unhappy wife. He was as selfish as Oblomov.
Comment. From the student’s answer it follows that Oblomov was “interested in entertainment”, like Gogol’s Nozdrev, and the main quality of Oblomov’s character (like Marmeladov ?!) was “egoism”. Such vulgar sociologization in the interpretation of literary texts can and should be considered a factual error. Thus, the student did not name a single hero who could be attributed to the Oblomov type. The score for the answer is 0 points.
Task C1. What does Chekhov warn about in his story “Ionych”?
The terrible evil of human souls is shown by Chekhov in the story “Ionych”. The Turkin family, reputed to be the most educated and talented in the city of S., personifies a world doomed to endless repetition of the same. There is neither love nor art in the true sense of these words in the story, but there is an abundance of imitation of both. The Turkin family really stands out against the background of the city of S., but if it is the pinnacle, then how low this awkward life has fallen. The city of S. is saturated with laziness and monotonous life.
Comment. The author demonstrates an understanding of the specifics of the task, but instead of a direct answer to the question posed (“What is Chekhov warning about?”) He talks about the vulgarity of the life of the Turkin family. Chekhov’s “warning” is disclosed only indirectly (“this awkward life has fallen low”). Score for the answer – 1 point.
Task C2. The fates of what heroes of Russian classics resemble the fate of Chekhov’s Ionych?
The fate of Ionych strongly resembles the life of Oblomov.
Comment. The author names one position, however, the indication of the similarity of Ionych and Oblomov is erroneous. In addition, the applicant limited himself to one sentence in his answer, which does not meet the requirements for this type of tasks (5-10 sentences). The score for the answer is 0 points.
SZ task. What does G.R. Derzhavin a true reward for poetic talent?
The very title of Derzhavin’s poem “Monument” indicates that the poet was thinking about recognition and oblivion, about the eternal and momentary, about death and immortality. G.R. Derzhavin considers popular recognition, a memory preserved for centuries, which will live forever in the hearts of people, to be the true reward of poetic talent. And this is the most valuable award that every writer and poet dreams of.
Comment. The examinee understands the specifics of the task, correctly answers the central question, indicates the theme and idea of the poem. Score for the answer – 3 points.
Task C4. What Russian poets developed the theme of creativity in their works, and in what way is its solution consonant with the content of Derzhavin’s “Monument”?
This topic was raised in his work by the ancient Roman poet Horace. And I think that, probably, every poet has poems dedicated to the theme of poetic immortality. So, in the poem by A.S. Pushkin “I erected a monument to myself …” sounds the idea that art is eternal, it can be preserved in people’s memory.
Comment. Derzhavin’s poem is included in the literary context: the student names both the poet’s predecessor, Horace, who “discovered the topic”, and the successor of Derzhavin’s tradition, A.S. Pushkin, however, the commentary on the second part of the question is minimal. Score for the answer – 2 points.
Task C1. What is the place of this episode in the depiction of the life path of Andrei Bolkonsky? (episode: the return of Prince Andrei from Otradnoye, a description of the spring forest and oak)
This episode plays an important role in depicting the life path of Andrei Bolkonsky. It is at this moment that the hero undergoes a reassessment of values. He sees the point in continuing to live, and before he thought that life at 31 was over. Seeing the transformed old oak, Prince Andrei experiences a joyful feeling of renewal. The episode with the oak is one of the most important stages in Andrei’s life, he develops spiritually, the dialectic of the soul takes place, his life changes.
Comment. The student discovers an understanding of the specifics of the task. He notes the importance of this episode in the depiction of the life path of Andrei Bolkonsky, which testifies to the spiritual development of the hero, but does not answer the question deeply enough, only indicating that a reassessment of values occurred in the hero, but without analyzing and explaining the reasons for the changes that occurred with Prince Andrei. The same thought is repeated at the beginning and at the end of the work. The mark that can be given for the answer is 2 points.
SZ task. What Russian writers are close to L. Tolstoy in depicting the spiritual searches of heroes? (Justify your answer)
One of the writers close to Tolstoy was Dostoevsky. His work “Crime and Punishment” also shows us how the main character is looking for his life path. He gains independence from others and finds the meaning of his life. The second writer close to Tolstoy is Turgenev. The work “Fathers and Sons” tells about the spiritual searches of Bazarov.
Comment. The examinee answers a question that requires the involvement of a literary context, but does not provide a rationale for comparison with some literary heroes. The spiritual search of a person involves self-development, internal movement, the acquisition of one’s “I”. Bazarov in I.S. Turgenev’s novel “Fathers and Sons” acts as an exponent of certain views on life, due to his belonging to the nihilistic movement. Life overturns his convictions, as a result of which the hero experiences a severe internal crisis that determines the direction of his spiritual quest. Raskolnikov in “Crime and Punishment” by F.M. Dostoevsky is the bearer of the idea passionately experienced by him, testing his theory in practice. In the novel, he goes through his own path of spiritual development, getting rid of his own theory and joining the world of other people (Prince Andrei is also freed from proud thoughts about personal glory). The score given for the answer is 1 point.