The purpose of the stage: improving the skill of independent work and the ability to build cooperation in a group.
The work of students in groups (independent analysis of the text). Run time – 5-8 minutes. Each group prepares a speaker, the response time is 2 minutes.
Group I , analyzing chapters 1-3, should answer the question:
– What does Sharik notice in the reality around him and how does he react to it?
Group 2 , analyzing chapters 2-3, answers the question:
– What does Sharik like in the house of Professor Preobrazhensky and what – not?
Group 3 , working with the same chapters, prepares an answer to the question:
– How does the dog perceive the inhabitants of the apartment?
Group 4 (same chapters):
-How do the inhabitants of the apartment feel about Sharik?
5th group (same chapters):
– does Sharik change from 16 to 23 December?
Students (desirable answers):
– The dog is very observant, he knows life well, especially that in it that is connected with nutrition. He knows that the world is divided into hungry and well-fed. The one who is “eternally full”, “is not afraid of anyone”, therefore “will not kick with his foot.” Dangerous are the hungry, those who “themselves are afraid of everything.” Sharik hates toadies. He says that “human purifications are the lowest category.” But he also sympathizes with people who are deceived, who are mocked by those who have recently gained power.
– Sharik likes the professor’s house, although after receiving patients he calls the apartment “obscene”. But it’s warm and calm. After a conversation between Philip Philipovich and Shvonder, Sharik becomes convinced that the professor has great power. Sharik decides that he will be completely safe here: “Well, now you can beat me as you like, but I will not leave here.” The dog likes the fact that in the house he is fed well and tasty, they do not beat him. The only thing that annoys him is the owl. The dog is afraid of hunger and evil people, but in the house the opposite is true. Sharik’s favorite place is the kitchen: food is prepared there, and a fire burns there.
– After Sharik realized that in the professor’s house he had nothing and no one to be afraid of, since his owner was not afraid of anyone, he decided that the professor was “a wizard, magician and magician from a dog’s fairy tale.” During dinner, Philip Philipovich finally received the title of a deity. As already mentioned, food, warmth and security are the main things for Sharik, and he is ready to faithfully serve the one who gives it to him. Sharik studied the professor’s call, met him with a bark.
He quickly conquered Darya Petrovna – the cook. The kitchen is “the main branch of paradise” for Sharik. And so he sucks up to the cook. He treats Zina disdainfully, calling her “Zina”; he does not love her, as she scolds him all the time and says that “he ate the whole house.” The dog calls Dr. Bormenthal “bitten” and does not communicate with him at all.
– Professor Preobrazhensky generally feels sorry for Sharik: he orders him to be fed properly, saying that “the poor fellow is hungry”; he treats him affectionately because he believes that affection is “the only way to treat a living being”; he never hits Sharik, even when he “clarified” the owl. For Zina, Sharik is the cause of the eternal mess in the house. She believes that the professor is spoiling Sharik too much and offers to tear off the dog. She does not understand why Sharik receives such courtesies. For her, he is an ordinary mongrel. And Darya Petrovna at first called Sharik “a homeless pickpocket” and did not let him into the kitchen, but the dog “conquered her heart.”
Teacher: What is the value system of an unusual dog?
Pupils : The main thing for Sharik is food, warmth and safety. This is what determines his attitude towards people. In general, he “sells his soul” for a piece of Krakow sausage. Sharik’s attitude towards people is determined by the same: the professor is the owner, and Sharik is ready to please him, Daria Petrovna is the “queen of the kitchen”, the dog fawns over her, Zina is a servant in the house, and Sharik believes that she should serve him too. Dr. Bormental is in no way connected in the mind of the dog with food and warmth, and since the bite of his leg went unpunished, the doctor simply turns into a “bite”.
Teacher : Do you like this philosophy of life? Why? What word would you call her?
Pupils : Slave
Group V identified the stages of Sharik’s change:
– Firstly, Sharik has changed outwardly. The professor picked up a dying dog, with a scalded side, with dirty matted hair, emaciated from hunger. In a week, he turned into a shaggy and “surprisingly fat” “handsome dog”. Secondly, he also changed internally: at first he was worried: “Why did the professor need me?” (his experience told him that no one does anything for nothing). Having just got into the house, he thought that he found himself in a “dog clinic”, and defended his life – he has a very developed self-preservation instinct. But when he sees that nothing threatens him, but, on the contrary, he is being fed and caressed, Sharik begins to be afraid of losing all this and thinks: “Beat, just don’t kick him out of the apartment.” He decides that Philip Philipovich chose him for his beauty. He glares at his eyes. Quickly evaluating the collar, because all the dogs he meets are madly jealous of him, he comes to the conclusion that the collar is a kind of pass to a better world and gives him certain rights, for example, to lie in the kitchen. He forgets that recently he was an ordinary homeless mongrel, and no longer doubts that nothing will deprive him of warmth and food, and he is finally convinced that he is an “incognito dog prince.” Hungry and full of dangers, he exchanged freedom for a well-fed, calm life, and pride – for lackey obsequiousness.
Teacher : What associations does the dog’s story evoke in you?
Pupils : Suggested answers:
After the revolution, many people who lived in poverty and hunger were drawn to a warm and well-fed life, believed many promises, decided that they would instantly “become everything.” The revolution is an experiment that the Bolsheviks put on the whole people.
Stage 6 Reflection
The purpose of the stage: self-assessment by students of the results of their educational activities
Let’s summarize the lesson:
Teacher : Has your attitude to the ball changed? How? Why? (This is a written question.)
– How did the author help us get to know Sharik better? (Orally.)
Sharik’s inner speech, his assessment of events, reflections, together with the author’s description of his behavior, create for the reader a complete picture of the dog’s inner world.
– Have we answered the problematic question of the lesson: who is right: Dr. Bormental, who believes that Sharikov has a dog’s heart, or Professor Preobrazhensky, who claims that Sharikov has “precisely a human heart”?
Pupils: – No.
Teacher: What questions did we get answers to?
Pupils: – Compared the images of Sharik and Sharikov, saw what changes had taken place, understood through what methods the author expressed his attitude to the character and what worried him.
Teacher: the next lesson will be the next step in resolving the problem situation we identified in this lesson, and for this you must work on homework questions. What questions would you like to ask me or classmates?
1. Highlight the stages of Sharik’s transformation into Sharikov and the stages of Sharikov’s formation by preparing an electronic presentation (task for the whole class).
2. Compare the behavior of Sharik and Sharikov in episodes I and II of parts: choosing a name (individual task), lunch (individual), house committee visiting the apartment (individual).
3. What, in your opinion, in Sharikovo from the dog, what from Chugunkin? Justify your opinion with examples from the text (general task).
4. What is the role of Shvonder in the upbringing of Sharikov? Why does Professor Preobrazhensky say that “Shvonder is the most important fool”? (Individual task, it is performed by 3-4 people.)