Slide. Farewell formulas in speech etiquette


Object of study: students of MBOU “Krasnokholmskaya school No. 1” and residents of the city of Krasny Kholm.

Subject of study: students’ speech, level of etiquette formulas.

Research methods: descriptive, comparative, method of continuous sampling of material, survey and questioning of informants in the selection of material.

Slide. What is speech etiquette?

Etiquette is a French word (etiguette). Initially, it denoted a product tag, a label (cf. label), and then the court ceremonial began to be called that. And at one time this word appeared on the basis of the Greek ethos – “custom”, “character”.

Speech etiquette – the rules of conduct adopted in speech communication between people. Speech is used to judge the culture and education of a person, his character and temperament. A very important aspect of speech is the daily behavior of a person in communication with other people, his ability to speak courteously, politely, that is, observing the rules of speech etiquette.


The importance of speech behavior was well understood in antiquity. So, in the “Instructions” of Vladimir Monomakh we read: “Do not miss a person without greeting him, and say a good word to him.”

Russian speech etiquette is unusually rich. It includes a huge number of words and expressions that can be used in a wide variety of speech situations. Each person should know these etiquette formulas and be able to use them correctly in their speech.

Slide. From the history of speech etiquette

The word etiquette was first used in its modern sense at a reception at the court of King Louis XIV of France (1638-1715), when cards (labels) were handed out to guests, outlining how they should behave. From their French name, the word “etiquette” came from, and later it entered the languages of many countries. However, the very concept of “etiquette” as a set of certain rules of human behavior originated much earlier.

Slide. From the history of speech etiquette

History has brought us the conversation of Confucius (552/551-479 BC) with his son about the rules: “If you do not learn the rules, you will not have anything to establish yourself on.”

Slide. From the history of speech etiquette

In ancient India, etiquette existed within the framework of the caste system. The brahmacharin (student) had to know the rules of communication with representatives of both higher and lower castes.

Slide. Speech etiquette formulas

Following the advice of the legendary Kozma Prutkov, who argued that it is impossible to grasp the immensity, I decided to dwell on the most common formulas of speech etiquette in school conditions: the formulas of greeting, farewell and gratitude. Speech etiquette formulas are certain words, phrases and set expressions used during a conversation.

Slide. Greeting formulas in speech etiquette

One of the most commonly used formulas of politeness is greeting formulas. Any conversation, as a rule, begins with a greeting.

Here is a table that presents the main forms of greeting the interlocutor (table).

In Russian, the main greeting is “hello”. It goes back to the Old Slavonic verb “hello”, which means “to be healthy”, that is, healthy.

Formula “Hi!” expresses close, laid-back relationships and is widespread among young people.

Greetings “My respect!”, “Good health!” Are very polite and full of dignity, but they are used most often by older people.

“Great!” – male greeting. It is familiar, somewhat rude and has a colloquial character. And of course, it can not be recommended to girls!

In official, solemn cases, especially when addressing a large audience, they say: “Greetings!” or “Let (let me) greet you!”

In our country, there is an old village tradition to greet everyone who comes forward, even strangers. And this is also a sign of respect and disposition towards people.

Greeting is one of the most important signs of speech etiquette. With its help, contact is established between those who communicate, therefore, not owning the greeting formulas means being a stranger to everyone, not being able to communicate.

slide. Farewell formulas in speech etiquette

Farewell formulas are pronounced at the end of the conversation. This formula means that the conversation is over.

The most common goodbye is Goodbye! That is, a date will take place in the near future, we part until a new meeting.

If you want health, then say: Be healthy! Be healthy! Often such a speech is heard in farewell from an elderly person or a resident of the countryside.

In Russian, there are also such farewell formulas – wishes: All the best! All the best!

But such formulas of farewell are out of use: I have the honor to take my leave! Allow me to say goodbye!

The formulas of farewell in Russian are varied, and in different situations, with different interlocutors, we have different forms of farewell.

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