Well-developed speech is the most important condition for the comprehensive development of children. But recently there has been an increase in the number of preschoolers with speech disorders. Children, even without speech pathology, show a late pace of maturation. In the nineties, the term “deceleration” appeared. Its essence lies in the slow pace of development of children. Their first words appear after 1 year (earlier at 9-10 months), phrasal speech by 2.5 years (earlier – by 1.5), sounds are formed late. At the age of 5-6, such children have a lack of formation of all components of the language (phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, coherent speech), i.e., a massive speech disorder, which makes it difficult to diagnose speech.
Working with children of senior preschool age, I was looking for such methods and techniques of work that would make it possible to do more effective work on the development of speech. I successfully use such non-traditional technologies aimed at optimizing the development of speech, such as bioenergetics (joint movements of the articulatory apparatus and hands), kinesiology, synchronous movements of the hands, Su-Jok therapy (impact on the biologically active points of the hands, while stimulating the speech zones of the CGM) .
One of the effective methods for developing a child’s speech, which allows you to quickly get a result, was the work on creating an unrhymed poem – syncwine. Cinquain is translated from French as “5 lines”, a five-line stanza of a poem. Cinquain is a technique that allows you to present educational material on a specific topic in a few words. This technology does not require special conditions for its application and fits organically into the work on the development of lexical and grammatical categories, contributes to the enrichment and updating of the dictionary, clarifies the content of concepts, enables the teacher to assess the level of assimilation of the material passed by the child, has the character of a complex impact, not only developing speech, but also contributing to the development of higher mental functions (memory, attention, thinking), allows the child to be an active, creative participant in the educational process.
The basic rules for compiling a syncwine include the following:
The first line includes one word, the word is an object that reflects the main idea (noun).
The second line – two words, words – signs that characterize the subject (adjectives).
The third line – three words, words – action, describing the action within the framework of the topic (verbs).
The fourth line is a phrase of several words showing the author’s attitude to the topic.
The fifth line is the words associated with the first, reflecting the essence of the topic. It can be one word.
2. Fast, beautiful.
3. Rides, slows down, overtakes.
4. I love to ride.
2. Beautiful, new.
3. Stands, sits, smiles.
4. My doll is the most beautiful.
Thus, in order to correctly compose a syncwine, it is important:
1. Have sufficient vocabulary within the topic;
· Analysis, generalization;
· Concepts: word-subject, word-action, word-sign;
Be able to choose synonyms;
· Learn to understand questions correctly;
Matching words in a sentence
· Correctly formulate your idea in the form of a sentence.
The following options can be used:
· Compiling a short story based on the finished syncwine (using the words and phrases that make up the latter). For example:
2. White, fluffy.
3. Hiding, afraid, running away.
4. I feel sorry for the hare.
5. Wild animal.
A white, fluffy hare lives in the winter forest. The life of a rabbit is difficult. He is afraid of the wolf and the fox. Seeing them, he hides or runs away. I feel sorry for the rabbit. It is difficult for wild animals to live in winter.
· Sincwine according to the listened story;
Correction and improvement of the finished syncwine;
Analysis of an incomplete syncwine to determine the missing part (for example, a syncwine without the first line is given. Based on the existing lines, you need to determine it).
Sinkwine can be used in the classroom to reinforce the studied lexical topic. For example:
2. Cold, autumn.
3. Pours, goes, drips.
4. I don’t like rain.
It can also be used to reinforce concepts learned in literacy classes. For example:
2. Vowels, consonants.
3. We hear, pronounce, highlight.
4. Sounds add up to words.
The effectiveness of using syncwine lies in quickly obtaining the result and consolidating it, facilitating the process of mastering concepts and their content, expanding and updating vocabulary, learning to express one’s thoughts, choosing the right words, and developing the ability to analyze.
Innovativeness lies in creating conditions for the development of a person who is able to think critically, i.e. exclude the superfluous and highlight the main thing, generalize and classify.
The syncwine technique, used in corrective work on the development of speech in children with ONR, certainly contributes to the successful correction of the entire speech system as a whole, subject to systematic, daily work in this direction.
Conclusion: the skillful and rational use of the syncwine method in correctional work has a positive effect on the speech development of children, vocabulary increases, speech becomes richer, brighter, children are no longer afraid to express their thoughts aloud.
In conclusion, I suggest you draw up a syncwine about syncwine:
2. Creative, innovative.
3. Develops, enriches, clarifies.
4. Cinquain helps you learn.
1. Kabachenko E.I. Kabachenko N.A. Didactic syncwine as a means of optimizing the work on the development of children’s speech // Speech therapist. -2012. – No. 8. – 31 s.
2. Dushka N. Sinkwain in the development of speech of preschoolers // Speech therapist. – 2005. – No. 5. – 85 s.