Signs of a totalitarian regime are…

fusion of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government

absolute statism

“Only what is specified is allowed.” This type of ban is typical for …

totalitarianism

The guild method of recruiting the political elite (leaders) is a __________ method of selecting leadership personnel.

unrivaled

Question 1

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Everything is allowed except politics.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

democracy

2.

totalitarianism

True3.

authoritarianism

4.

ochlocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 2

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The interpretation of elite circulation as a historical alternation of “lions” and “foxes” was typical for…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

G. Mosca

2.

M. Weber

3.

R. Mills

True4.

V. Pareto

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 3

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Consistent, internally connected chain of political events and phenomena, as well as a set of consistent actions

various subjects of politics about power is characterized as a political (th) …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

process

2.

mode

3.

system

4.

activity

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 4

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The idea of active participation of all citizens in government is not shared by supporters of…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

psychoanalytic theories

2.

Marxist theories

True3.

elitist theories

4.

theories of participatory democracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 5

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A political order characterized by high

tolerance for opposition and fairly wide opportunities

participation of society in making socially significant decisions is called …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

authoritarianism

2.

cratology

True3.

democracy

4.

meritocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 6

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The organic type of the modernization process is inherent in countries …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

Western Europe and North America

2.

Russia and Eastern European countries

3.

“Third World”

4.

North and South America

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 7

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The clash of two or more oppositely directed forces in order to realize their interests in the face of opposition is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

political conflict

2.

political process

3.

legitimacy crisis

4.

political crisis

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 8

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A kind of political leadership based on legal norms is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

charismatic leadership

True2.

rational-legal leadership

3.

traditional leadership

4.

dualistic leadership

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 9

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Ancient democracy was…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

straight

2.

representative

3.

elite

4.

pluralistic

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 10

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Everything that is not prohibited by law is allowed.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

authoritarianism

True2.

democracy

3.

totalitarianism

4.

ochlocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 11

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Eliminate incorrect judgments:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

all democracies allow opposition to ruling parties

True2.

all democracies are economically stable

True3.

all democracies have a bicameral parliament

4.

all democracies respect human rights

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 12

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The state of the political system, expressed in the deepening and aggravation of existing conflicts, in a sharp increase

political tension is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

legitimacy crisis

True2.

political crisis

3.

political conflict

4.

state crisis

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 13

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Signs of a totalitarian regime are…

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

fusion of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government

2.

limited political pluralism

True3.

absolute statism

4.

preservation of the traditional social structure

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 14

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A kind of political leadership based on legal norms is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

dualistic leadership

True2.

rational-legal leadership

3.

charismatic leadership

4.

traditional leadership

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 15

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Everything that is not prohibited by law is allowed.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

democracy

2.

totalitarianism

3.

ochlocracy

4.

authoritarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 16

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A compromise agreement is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

consensus

True2.

compromise

3.

“zero sum game”

4.

voting

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 17

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The phenomenon of the “cult of personality” is most characteristic of the type of political leadership…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

rational-legal

True2.

charismatic

3.

traditional

4.

illegal

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 18

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The type of authority based on the norms consecrated by custom is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

charismatic dominance

2.

legitimate domination

3.

rational-legal domination

True4.

traditional domination

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 19

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The ______________ type of political processes characterizes the changes that take place in extremely unclear and uncertain situations, which involve an increased hypothetical nature of both ongoing and planned actions.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

uncertain

True2.

hidden

3.

revolutionary

4.

open

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 20

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The authoritarian regime is based on…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

government’s desire to control the economy

2.

the desire of the authorities to control only the ideology

True3.

the desire of the authorities to control only the political process

4.

absolute control of power over all spheres of society and citizens

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 21

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Eliminate incorrect judgments:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

all democracies are economically stable

True2.

all democracies have a bicameral parliament

3.

all democracies allow opposition to ruling parties

4.

all democracies respect human rights

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 22

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Russia is historically characterized by a type of modernization.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

spontaneous and organic

2.

dead end

True3.

catch-up and inorganic

4.

partial

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 23

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Only what is specified is allowed.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

totalitarianism

2.

democracy

3.

authoritarianism

4.

ochlocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 24

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The type of political regime to which the following corresponds

wording: “The unlimited power of one person or

a group of people that does not allow political opposition, but

preserving the autonomy of the individual in non-political spheres” is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

democracy

2.

totalitarianism

3.

polyarchy

True4.

authoritarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 25

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Everything is allowed except politics.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

democracy

True2.

authoritarianism

3.

ochlocracy

4.

totalitarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 26

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The subjects of politics, which, with their authority and influence, unite the masses into political movements, organizations, striving to gain power, are …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

political elite

2.

nomenclature

3.

ruling class

True4.

political leaders

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 27

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A political process whose main task is to ensure the representation of various groups, communities, strata and

classes in power structures are called …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

legislative

2.

pluralistic

True3.

electoral

4.

rule-making

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 28

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The selection system for the political elite, which is characterized by many formal requirements, is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

majority system

True2.

guild system

3.

entrepreneurial system

4.

two and a half party system

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 29

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A referendum is an instrument of __________ democracy, involving the submission of any fundamental issue (adoption of a constitution or amendments to it, coordination of important laws, etc.) for a nationwide discussion.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

representative

True2.

straight

3.

pluralistic

4.

elite

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 30

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The concept of “polyarchy”, introduced into circulation by an American political scientist

Robert Dahl, used to characterize ______________

political system.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

ochlocratic

2.

authoritarian

True3.

democratic

4.

totalitarian

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 31

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Leading theorists of political elitology:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

M. Weber

True2.

V. Pareto

True3.

G. Mosca

4.

D. Easton

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 32

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Crisis resulting from misalignment of goals and values

ruling class with representations of the main part of the population and

the necessary means and forms of political regulation is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

legitimacy crisis

2.

ruling class crisis

3.

constitutional crisis

4.

state crisis

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 33

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Leading theorists of political elitology:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

M. Weber

True2.

V. Pareto

True3.

G. Mosca

4.

D. Easton

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 34

0 out of 10 points

Not right

He made a significant contribution to the development of theories of elites and formulated the “iron law of the oligarchy” sociologist …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

R. Michels

2.

G. Mosca

3.

R. Mills

4.

V. Pareto

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 35

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The main forms of implementation of changes in society are (are) …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

reform and revolution

2.

modernization and development

3.

conflicts and crises

4.

power struggle and elections

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 36

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The unlimited power of one person or a small group is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

ochlocracy

True2.

dictatorship

3.

clientela

4.

meritocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 37

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The guild method of recruiting the political elite (leaders) is a __________ method of selecting leadership personnel.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

unrivaled

2.

democratic

3.

open

4.

competitive

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 38

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The phenomenon of the “cult of personality” is most characteristic of the type of political leadership…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

traditional

True2.

charismatic

3.

illegal

4.

rational-legal

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 39

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“A set of techniques and methods for exercising power and

achieving political goals” is the definition of a political …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

regime

2.

behavior

3.

systems

4.

process

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 40

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Signs of an authoritarian regime are…

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

lack of public control over power

2.

political pluralism

True3.

selective terror tactics

4.

total control of society

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 41

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Signs of an authoritarian regime are…

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

lack of public control over power

2.

political pluralism

True3.

selective terror tactics

4.

total control of society

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 42

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Orientation to the personal qualities of the candidate in the process of selection (promotion)

to a leading political post is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

nomenclature system

True2.

entrepreneurial system

3.

guild systems

4.

charismatic system

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 43

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The political elite, formed according to the type of “guilds”, is based on …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

self-isolation from the general population

2.

competitive struggle with political counter-elites on equal terms

3.

attracting as many new members as possible from the underprivileged sections of the population

4.

attracting as many new members as possible from the privileged sections of the population

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 44

0 out of 10 points

Not right

By scale, political conflicts are divided into …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

interstate, state and regional

2.

bipolar, polypolar and multipolar

3.

open and latent (hidden)

4.

positional and oppositional

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 45

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The subjects of politics, which, with their authority and influence, unite the masses into political movements, organizations, striving to gain power, are …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

nomenclature

2.

political elite

3.

ruling class

True4.

political leaders

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 46

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The subjects of politics, which, with their authority and influence, unite the masses into political movements, organizations, striving to gain power, are …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

ruling class

2.

nomenclature

3.

political elite

True4.

political leaders

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 47

0 out of 10 points

Not right

One of the hallmarks of an authoritarian political regime is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

limited pluralism

2.

having one official ideology

3.

full media control

4.

recognition of the de facto equality of citizens

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 48

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The phenomenon of the “cult of personality” is most characteristic of the type of political leadership…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

illegal

2.

traditional

True3.

charismatic

4.

rational-legal

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 49

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A compromise agreement is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

“zero sum game”

True2.

compromise

3.

consensus

4.

voting

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 50

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Political crises, instability, incompleteness of political processes characterize …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

transitional societies

2.

stable societies

3.

dictatorships

4.

democracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 51

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Characteristics of charismatic dominance:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

is based on the recognition of voluntarily established legal norms aimed at regulating relations of domination and subordination

2.

the basis for moving up the hierarchical ladder is not personal devotion, but service discipline and business competence

True3.

requires “great accomplishments” to maintain itself

True4.

the authority of the authorities is not bound by legal norms and rules

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 52

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The transition from a traditional society to a modern one is called…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

modernization

2.

evolution

3.

consolidation

4.

westernization

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 53

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The subjects of politics, which, with their authority and influence, unite the masses into political movements, organizations, striving to gain power, are …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

political elite

2.

nomenclature

True3.

political leaders

4.

ruling class

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 54

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Only what is specified is allowed.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

totalitarianism

2.

democracy

3.

ochlocracy

4.

authoritarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 55

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Crisis resulting from misalignment of goals and values

ruling class with representations of the main part of the population and

the necessary means and forms of political regulation is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

ruling class crisis

2.

state crisis

3.

constitutional crisis

True4.

legitimacy crisis

Question 1

0 out of 10 points

Not right

One of the hallmarks of an authoritarian political regime is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

limited pluralism

2.

recognition of the de facto equality of citizens

3.

full media control

4.

having one official ideology

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 2

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Under the recruitment of the political elite understand …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

division of society into a powerful minority and a passive majority

2.

system of obtaining social privileges and benefits

True3.

method (mechanism) of formation and rotation of elite groups in power structures

4.

technologies for coordinating and making political decisions within the framework of elite groups

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 3

0 out of 10 points

Not right

He made a significant contribution to the development of theories of elites and formulated the “iron law of the oligarchy” sociologist …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

R. Mills

2.

G. Mosca

3.

V. Pareto

True4.

R. Michels

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 4

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Ancient democracy was…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

representative

2.

pluralistic

3.

elite

True4.

straight

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 5

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The organic type of the modernization process is inherent in countries …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

“Third World”

2.

North and South America

True3.

Western Europe and North America

4.

Russia and Eastern European countries

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 6

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Signs of an authoritarian regime are…

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

lack of public control over power

2.

political pluralism

True3.

selective terror tactics

4.

total control of society

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 7

0 out of 10 points

Not right

One of the hallmarks of an authoritarian political regime is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

full media control

2.

having one official ideology

3.

recognition of the de facto equality of citizens

True4.

limited pluralism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 8

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The political elite, formed according to the type of “guilds”, is based on …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

competitive struggle with political counter-elites on equal terms

2.

attracting as many new members as possible from the privileged sections of the population

3.

attracting as many new members as possible from the underprivileged sections of the population

True4.

self-isolation from the general population

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 9

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Signs of an authoritarian regime are…

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

lack of public control over power

2.

political pluralism

True3.

selective terror tactics

4.

total control of society

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 10

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A political process whose main task is to ensure the representation of various groups, communities, strata and

classes in power structures are called …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

pluralistic

2.

legislative

True3.

electoral

4.

rule-making

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 11

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Russia is historically characterized by a type of modernization.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

spontaneous and organic

2.

partial

True3.

catch-up and inorganic

4.

dead end

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 12

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A political process whose main task is to ensure the representation of various groups, communities, strata and

classes in power structures are called …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

pluralistic

2.

legislative

True3.

electoral

4.

rule-making

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 13

0 out of 10 points

Not right

A political regime in which the state seeks holistic, all-encompassing control over the life of the whole society

as a whole and each individual individually – this is …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

authoritarianism

2.

junta

3.

polyarchy

True4.

totalitarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 14

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Consistent, internally connected chain of political events and phenomena, as well as a set of consistent actions

various subjects of politics about power is characterized as a political (th) …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

activity

2.

system

True3.

process

4.

mode

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 15

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Russia is historically characterized by a type of modernization.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

catch-up and inorganic

2.

partial

3.

dead end

4.

spontaneous and organic

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 16

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Eliminate the extra term:

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

mediacracy

2.

dictatorship

3.

junta

4.

authoritarianism

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 17

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The guild method of recruiting the political elite (leaders) is a __________ method of selecting leadership personnel.

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

open

2.

democratic

3.

competitive

True4.

unrivaled

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 18

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The authoritarian regime is based on…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

the desire of the authorities to control only the political process

2.

government’s desire to control the economy

3.

absolute control of power over all spheres of society and citizens

4.

the desire of the authorities to control only the ideology

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 19

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The interpretation of elite circulation as a historical alternation of “lions” and “foxes” was typical for…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

V. Pareto

2.

M. Weber

3.

G. Mosca

4.

R. Mills

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 20

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Select the key principles of an elitist approach to politics:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

the majority of people should have access to essential political tools and resources

True2.

the population in the state is divided into rulers and ruled

True3.

most people should not be involved in politics

4.

politics is a struggle for power

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 21

0 out of 10 points

Not right

The unlimited power of one person or a small group is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

dictatorship

2.

meritocracy

3.

clientela

4.

ochlocracy

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 22

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Eliminate incorrect judgments:

Selected answers:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

all democracies respect human rights

2.

all democracies allow opposition to ruling parties

True3.

all democracies have a bicameral parliament

True4.

all democracies are economically stable

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 23

0 out of 10 points

Not right

Complete the typology of political leaders M. Hermann: “standard-bearer”, “fireman”, “servant” and …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

“dealer”

2.

“warrior”

3.

“manipulator”

4.

“actor”

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 24

0 out of 10 points

Not right

One of the hallmarks of an authoritarian political regime is…

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

True1.

limited pluralism

2.

having one official ideology

3.

full media control

4.

recognition of the de facto equality of citizens

Feedback on the answer:

wrong

Question 25

0 out of 10 points

Not right

“Everything is allowed except politics.” This type of ban is typical for …

Selected answer:

False [Nothing given]

Answers:

one.

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