Sample text to type.

Lab 1

Working with a text editor

The purpose of the lesson. Studying the information technology of typing, as well as its formatting, adding various characters to the text, framing and filling text in the MS Word text editor, mastering the principles of paragraph formatting.

Theoretical justification

Let’s start with the basics of working in the Microsoft Word word processor, since this program is one of the main Microsoft office technology programs, which is mainly used in Russian organizations.

The Microsoft Word text editor is a very popular and powerful processor. It is designed for creating, editing and formatting both simple documents – business letters, professional documentation, and large documents with tables, formulas, graphs, drawings.

Modern word processors provide many formatting operations that improve the quality of a text document. For example:

– character formatting (use of different fonts and styles);

– paragraph formatting (alignment to the width of the page and automatic word wrapping);

– creation and formatting of tables, lists, columns.

TASKS

Task 1. Preparation for creating a text document.

Operating procedure.

1. Boot the Windows operating system.

2. Create a folder in the “My Documents” folder with the name “Group Number”, and in it your own folder (type your last name as the folder name, for example “Petrov”).

3. Download the MS Word program ( Start/Programs/Microsoft Word or double-click on the MS Word shortcut).

4. Examine the toolbar buttons by hovering over them.

Task 2. Typing.

Operating procedure.

Type two paragraphs of text according to the example shown below (use the toolbar buttons to set the typeface – Times New Roman, font size 14, italic).

Sample text to type.

The clipboard is a memory area in which objects can be located when casting exchange operations between sentences. Working with this area is reduced to performing three operations – copying, cutting and pasting.

The task pane is an area in the MS Office application window containing frequently used commands. Its location (on the right side of the window) and small size allow you to use these commands without stopping working on files.

Task 3. Inserting symbols.

Operating procedure.

©,§,® – special characters tab;

@, $, s – “Symbols” tab, font – plain text;

₣,₤,? – “Symbols” tab, font – plain text, “Money Symbols” set;

# $ & ) 8 : – “Symbols” tab, font – Wingdings.

Brief reference. When selecting several characters, the “Symbol” window can be left open: select the characters to be inserted with the mouse in sequence and click the “Insert” button.

Attention! If you do not see the symbols you need, you need to select a different type of font in the “Font” area of the “Symbol” window.

Rice. one.

Task 4. Changing the appearance of the screen.

Operating procedure.

Set the “Page Layout” mode

To select the optimal document size (on the monitor screen), set the following types of scales in sequence ( View / Scale menu (Fig. 2)

Notice how the screen layout changes:

standard 75% and 200%;

arbitrary 33% and 125%;

the width of the page;

whole page;

by text width.

Leave the last set scale “Fit to text width” for working with the document.

Rice. 2.

Rice. 3.

Task 5. Font formatting.

Operating procedure.

1. Set the first paragraph of the typed text to different font sizes (by selecting words with a double click of the mouse or with the Shift, Ctrl and → keys):

the first word – 24 pt.;

second word – 18 pt.;

third word – 12 pt.;

fourth word – 10 pt.;

fifth word – 8 pt.

Use the Home toolbar buttons

2. Fill in the second paragraph in the first line every two words in a different color (Main / Font ).

3. Perform the following transformations in the second paragraph, highlighting the necessary words:

make the first two words bold;

the second two words are in italics;

the third two words are underlined;

the next two words are in italics + bold + underline.

4. Set different types of underlining in the first paragraph:

the first word – with a single underscore;

the second word – with a dotted underline;

the third word is double underlined.

5. Type the word effect. Copy it five overlay the following modifications:

the first word “effect” is a modification of “crossed out”;

the second word “effect” (all letters of the word except the first one) – superscript;

the third word “effect” (all letters of the word except the first one) – subscript;

fourth word “effect” – small caps;

the fifth word is “EFFECT” – all caps, bold, outline.

Rice. 4.

If you did everything correctly, then on the screen you see the words “effect” in the following version:

6. On the words “Clipboard”, set the vacuum interval to 10 pt. ( Home / Font / tab Spacing , spacing interval 10 pt.) (Fig. 5).

Rice. 5.

7. In the source text, in the last sentence, set a wavy underline and set the font color to blue.

8. Select the second paragraph of text and change the typeface to Arial.

Pay attention to the change in the appearance of the font.

The clipboard is a memory area in which objects can be located when casting exchange operations between sentences. Working with this area is reduced to performing three operations – copying, cutting and pasting.

The task pane is an area in an MSOffice application window that contains frequently used commands. Its location (on the right side of the window) and small size allow you to use these commands without stopping working on files.

Effect

e effect

e effect

Effect

Effect

Task 6. Framing and filling text.

Operating procedure.

1. Frame the first line of text. To do this, select the first line, in the menu Home / Paragraph, select the command Borders and Shading , on the Border tab, set the color of the line – blue, the thickness – 1.5 pt., the line type – a solid line; apply – to text, border type – frame (Fig. 6).

Rice. 6.

Brief reference. When applying the frame “to the text”, the frame will border only the selected words, and when applied “to the paragraph” – the frame is an example of the size of the width of the sheet, excluding margins.

2. Fill the second paragraph of text with color. To do this, select the second paragraph, select the Borders and Shading command, on the Fill tab, select a color and click OK.

3. Save the typed document in your folder with the name “Last name1.doc” ( Office / Save As ).

The clipboard is a memory area in which objects can be located when casting exchange operations between sentences. Working with this area is reduced to performing three operations – copying, cutting and pasting.

The task pane is an area in the MS Office application window containing frequently used commands. Its location (on the right side of the window) and small size allow you to use these commands without stopping working on files.

Task 7.

Applying all the techniques known to you for creating, copying and formatting text documents, complete the task in MS Word according to the model, trying to create a document in appearance as close as possible to the original task.

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Computer techologies

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Task 8. Formatting paragraphs of text.

1. Set the font parameters: font type – Times New Roman, font size 14, style – normal.

2. Type one paragraph of text according to the model.

Sample text to type.

Before typing, you must set paragraph parameters in addition to font parameters. To do this, use the Main / Paragraph command and in the window that opens, set the text alignment parameters on a sheet of paper, the parameters of the first line, line spacing and paragraph spacing.

3. Select the first paragraph of the text and set the following paragraph parameters (Fig. 7):

first line – standard indentation;

line spacing – one and a half;

alignment – in width.

Brief reference. Selecting a paragraph of text is done by double-clicking the mouse to the left of the paragraph.

Rice. 7

4. Select the third paragraph of text and set the following paragraph options:

the first line is the standard indent;

line spacing – single;

alignment is left.

5. Select the fifth paragraph of the text, set the following paragraph parameters:

first line – no;

line spacing – double;

alignment is right.

6. Select the sixth paragraph of text, set the following paragraph parameters:

the first line is indented by 2.5 cm;

line spacing – multiplier 1.5;

alignment is centered.

7. Select the second paragraph of text, set the following paragraph options:

the first line is indented by 1.5 cm;

indent on the right by 4 cm;

line spacing – multiplier – 1.8;

alignment – in width.

8. Select the fourth paragraph of text, set the following paragraph parameters:

the first line is a 2 cm protrusion;

indent on the right – 3 cm;

indent on the left – 6 cm;

line spacing – a multiplier of 2.5;

alignment – in width.

Task 9. Framing paragraphs.

Operating procedure.

When selecting paragraphs of text, set the following frame options ( Home / Paragraph / Borders and Shading / Border tab ):

First paragraph:

line type – regular line;

color – auto;

width – 0.5 pt.;

apply to – paragraph;

framing type – frame.

Third paragraph (Fig. 8):

line type – regular line;

color – blue;

width – 2.25 pt.;

apply to – paragraph;

frame type – lines on the left and bottom.

Rice. eight.

Fifth paragraph:

line type – dotted line;

color – red;

width – 1.5 pt.;

apply to – paragraph;

frame type – lines on the left and right.

Task 10. Page framing.

Operating procedure.

Frame the entire page with the “Flowers” pattern ( Page Layout/Page Background/Page Borders/Page/Image )

Task 11. Filling paragraphs.

Operating procedure.

Selecting paragraphs of text, set the following fill options ( Home / Borders and Shading / Fill tab ) (Fig. 9):

Second paragraph:

fill – golden color;

pattern – 10%;

apply – to a paragraph;

Rice. nine.

Fourth paragraph:

fill – light blue;

pattern – no;

apply – to text.

Sixth paragraph:

Fill – lilac color;

pattern – light diagonally down;

apply – to a paragraph.

Task 12. The task of interparagraph distances.

Operating procedure.

Select the entire text with the Edit/Select All command and set the paragraph spacing to 24 pt. command Home / Paragraph / tab Indents and intervals / Interval before – 24 pt.

Task 13. Setting headers and footers.

Operating procedure.

1. Set the headers and footers of the document ( Insert / Headers and footers ) (Fig. 10)

Examine the purpose of the buttons on the Header and Footer panel by moving the mouse cursor over them. Enter the following information in the headers and footers:

in the header – full name, date, time;

in the footer – The name of the educational institution and page numbers.

Rice. 10. Setting the header

Brief reference. Date, time and page numbers are set using the buttons on the Header and Footer panel. Switching to the footer is also done by the button of the panel Headers and footers – Header/footer . Please note that when entering headers and footers, the main text became pale and became unavailable. Finishing work with headers and footers is done by clicking the Close button on the Header and footer panel. Headers and footers are only visible in the Page Layout view .

Task 14. Using copying and formatting, type according to the model:

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