Read the text below, in which a number of words (phrases) are missing.

Choose from the proposed list of words (phrases) that you want to insert in place of the gaps.

“Motive is what induces to _____6_____ (A), for the sake of satisfaction of which it is carried out. This form of communication between living organisms and the outside world is necessary for the existence of ____9______ (B), a social group, society as a whole. _____1_____ (B) are due to the biological nature of man. These are the needs of people in everything that is necessary for their existence, development and reproduction. The needs associated with a person’s belonging to society, a person’s participation in labor activity, in ____5______ (G) with other people, are called _____8_____ (D). The needs for a person to know the world around him and his place in it, to know the meaning of his existence are referred to ____4______ (E). Words (phrases) in the list are given in the nominative case. Each word (phrase) can only be used once .
List of terms:
one) natural needs
2) genuine (reasonable) needs
3) individuality
4) ideal (spiritual) needs
5) communication
6) activity
7) nature
eight) social needs
nine) individual

24 . You are instructed to prepare a detailed answer on the topic “The role of needs in human activities.” Make a plan according to which you will cover this topic. The plan must contain at least three points, of which two or more are detailed in sub-points.

Answer:

1. The concept of activity.

2. Motives of activity

a. needs

b. interests

in. attraction

3. Classification of needs.

a. biological

b. social

in. ideal

4. Classification of needs by A. Maslow

a. physiological

b. existential

in. social

g. prestigious

e. spiritual

5. Relationship of needs with activities

a. creative

b. labor

in. play (leisure)

educational

6. Need as the main motive of human activity.

25. You are instructed to prepare a detailed answer on the topic “Communication”. Make a plan according to which you will cover this topic. The plan must contain at least three points, of which two or more are detailed in sub-points.

1. The concept of communication

2. Communication as a special kind of human activity

3. Basic functions of communication

A) socialization

B) cognitive

B) psychological

4. The role of communication in the process of play, work, teaching.

5. Types of communication

6. The role of communication in the formation of personality

26. You are instructed to prepare a detailed answer on the topic ” Human Needs and Interests”. Make a plan according to which you will cover this topic. The plan must contain at least three points, of which two or more are detailed in sub-points.

1. The concept of need
2. Types of human needs
– Biological (organic, material)
– Social
– Spiritual (ideal, cognitive)
– existential
– Prestigious
3. Other classifications of needs:
– Basic needs (Maslow):

a) Primary (congenital)

b) Secondary (acquired)
4. Reasonable Needs
5. Needs underlie emergence
– interests
– and tendencies
6. There are several classifications of interests:
– according to their carrier: a) individual; b) group c) the whole society
– by direction: a) economic; b) social c) political; d) spiritual.

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27. text No. 1 Mental properties are not an initial given; they are formed and developed in the process of personality activity. Just as an organism does not develop first and then functions, but develops while functioning, so a personality does not form first and then begins to act: it is formed, acting, in the course of its activity. In activity, the personality is both formed and manifested. Being as a subject of activity its prerequisite, it is at the same time its result.<...> In work, study, play, all aspects of the psyche are formed and manifested. But not all the mental content of a person’s action or deed, not every mental state can equally be attributed to any stable personality properties that would characterize some aspect of her mental appearance. Some acts in their mental content rather characterize the circumstances of some transient situation, which is not always significant and indicative of the personality. Therefore, the question arises of how relatively stable mental properties of a person are formed and consolidated. The mental properties of a person – her abilities and character traits – are formed in the course of life. The innate features of the body are only the makings – very ambiguous, which determine, but do not predetermine the mental properties of a person. Based on the same inclinations, a person can develop different properties – abilities and character traits, depending on the course of his life and activity, are not only manifested, but also formed. In work, study and labor, the abilities of people are formed and worked out; character is formed and tempered in life’s deeds and deeds. This mode of action, in unity and interpenetration with the objective conditions of existence, acting as a way of life, essentially determines the way of thinking and motives, the whole structure, warehouse, or mental appearance, of the individual. (S.L. Rubinstein)

1. What two mental properties of a person does the author call? Specify any two features of the process of their formation.

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2. Do, according to S.L. Rubinshtein, the objective conditions of a person’s existence on his mental appearance? How does the author justify his opinion? Based on the knowledge of the course and your own experience, give two arguments supporting the author’s opinion.

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3. How, according to the author, does activity affect a person? Give two opinions of the author on this issue.

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4. Does the author consider that a person is a person from birth? Write down two phrases from the text that support your answer.

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Social Psychology “There are no patrons more reliable than our own abilities” (L. Vovenarg).
Social Psychology “The ability cannot arise outside the corresponding specific activity” (B. M. Teplov).

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