The answers to tasks 1–24 are a word, a phrase, a number or a sequence of words, numbers. Write your answer to the right of the task number without spaces, commas or other additional characters.
Read the text and do tasks 1-3.
(1) The image of a white-winged sailboat is fanned by the romance of adventure and discovery,
but most often, sea wanderers were not driven by the desire to see new lands, but
the most common greed. (2) Geographical discoveries caused not
not only an unprecedented development of trade with distant countries, but also many
wars between European states competing over overseas
possessions – colonies. (3)_____ even the merchant ships of that time had full
military weapons – artillery and equipment for boarding combat.
1. Which of the following sentences correctly conveys the MAIN
information contained in the text?
1. Geographical discoveries have led to an unprecedented development of trade with
2. Since geographical discoveries have caused many wars between
European states because of the colonies, then even merchant ships of that time had full combat weapons.
3. Merchant ships of that time had full combat weapons – artillery and equipment for boarding combat.
4. Most often, sea wanderers were not driven to travel by the desire to see new lands, but by the most common thirst for profit.
5. Many wars between European states arose because of the colonies that arose as a result of geographical discoveries, so even merchant ships were armed.
2. Which of the following words should be in place of the gap in the third
(3) sentence text? Write out this word.
3. Read a fragment of a dictionary entry that gives the meaning of the word
IMAGE. Determine the meaning in which this word is used in the first (1)
text proposal. Write down the number corresponding to this value in
the given fragment of the dictionary entry.
IMAGE, -a, pl. -s, -ov, m.
1. In philosophy: the result and the ideal form of reflection of objects and phenomena
material world in the human mind.
2. View, appearance. Create sth. in their own image and likeness (i.e. similar to themselves; bookish). Lose about. human (the same as losing the human form). In the form of someone (in the form of someone).
3. A live, visual representation of someone or something. Light about. mother.
4. In art: a generalized artistic reflection of reality, clothed in the form of a specific individual phenomenon. The poet thinks in images.
5. In a work of art: type, character. Plushkin – oh. miser. The artist entered the (gets used to the role).
6. what. Order, direction of something, way. About life. O. thoughts. O. action.
4. In one of the words below, a mistake was made in setting the stress:
The letter denoting a stressed vowel is highlighted INCORRECTLY. write it out
5. One of the sentences below is WRONGLY used
highlighted word. Correct the mistake and write the word correctly.
1. Nature seemed to want to sharply DETERMINATE here the coastal region from the Iman River basin.
2. Having left for the clearing, they immediately heard HORSE clatter and neighing.
3. A disciplinary battalion in pre-revolutionary Russia was a military correctional unit of the ROYAL Army.
4. Ornamentation, splendor, external EFFICIENCY in architecture are alien
5. Egor was a good man in his own way, kind, but IRRESPONSIBLE.
6. In one of the words highlighted below, a mistake was made in the formation of the form
the words. Correct the mistake and write the word correctly.
lots of TOWELS
PUT on the table
7. Establish a correspondence between sentences and those allowed in them
grammatical errors: for each position of the first column, select
corresponding position from the second column.
|A) incorrect use of a pronoun with a preposition||1) As the journalist said, that three of my lives are not enough to exhaust the topic of Baikal|
|B) violation of the construction of a sentence with participial turnover||2) A team of ornithologists from several universities have developed a methodology for studying rare birds.|
|C) incorrect construction of a sentence with a participial turnover||3) The buzz of a flying fly is created by its wings; some flies are able to move at a speed of 15 m/s.|
|D) violation of the connection between the subject and the predicate||4) The girl, taking a music folder from the table, politely said goodbye to the teacher.|
|D) incorrect sentence construction with indirect speech||5) This symbol refers tourists to the history of the city, which survived more than one flood.|
|6) Eucalyptus oil is a powerful antiseptic, suitable for treating colds and healing wounds.|
|7) The monkeys made a strong impression on the visitors of the zoo: even the most serious people laughed at them.|
|8) In an effort to get the perfect tan, a special cream will help you.|
|9) The head of the polyclinic received us quickly.|
Write your answer in numbers without spaces or other characters.
8. Determine the word in which the unstressed alternating vowel of the root is missing. Write out this word by inserting the missing letter.
… lights up
def … go
9. Determine the row in which the same letter is missing in both words in the prefix. Write these words out with the missing letter.
pr…marine, pr…pull out
and … redundant, walking …
to … quit, oh … saw
pr … wise, without pr … beauty
10. Write down the word in which the letter I is written at the place of the gap.
bewildered … wat
entered … exited
eclipse … wat
tender … nka
bean … vy
11. Write down the word in which the letter I is written at the place of the gap.
sweep … sh
saw … who
unimaginable … my
12. Indicate all the numbers in the place of which the letter I is written.
As n (1) tried, I n (2) was able to find n (3) cracks in the prickly hedge, n (4) manhole, so I tore off my sides n (5) times until I got into the yard.
13. Define a sentence in which both highlighted words are written SEPARATELY . Open the brackets and write out these two words.
1. He instantly retired (FOR) TO (WOULD) indulge in sad thoughts alone.
2. I THAT (SAME) knew how to praise things that I (NO) did not like.
3. It seemed that everything AS (AS IF) smiled at me, at WHAT (WHATEVER) I looked at.
4. (B) AS A CONSEQUENCE of illness, he had to take medicine for some time (B) FORM of syrup.
5. (AT) THE MEETING we came across rare fishermen who (NOT) LOOKING at the rain
continued to fish.
14. Indicate all the numbers in the place of which HH is written.
In the room, furnished with (1) old (2) furniture, freshly painted (3) floors shone, there were gilded (4) candlesticks on the tables.
15. Arrange punctuation marks. Specify the number of proposals in which you need
put ONE comma.
1. The summer was hot and rich in small and warm rains.
2. Images of primitive giants are known from fairy tales and epics.
3. Lightning strikes the ground with a direct blow, then blazes on black clouds.
4. Elms and maples blaze with yellow and red fire in the city garden.
5. Levitan hid from summer residents, yearned for a night singer and wrote sketches.
16. Place punctuation marks: indicate all the numbers where commas should be in the sentence.
A caravan of eight sleds (1) harnessed by ten dogs (2) stretched (3) around the rocks (4) across the sea to the north.
17. Place punctuation marks: indicate all the numbers, in place of which in
sentences must contain commas.
It seemed (1) the trees parted respectfully before their elder brother. In the light of the lantern, his face (2) looked like (3) a huge potato.
18. Place punctuation marks: indicate all the numbers, in place of which in
The sentence must contain commas.
The captain immediately wrote down in the ship’s log (1) what happened (2) but did not approach the island (3) because he saw many reefs (4) and sheer cliffs along the coast.
19. Place punctuation marks: indicate all the numbers, in place of which in
The sentence must contain commas.
He was content with (1) what is written in a notebook (2) and did not show bothersome curiosity (3) even (4) when he did not understand everything (5) what he listened to and taught.