Read the text. Analyze the data in the table and complete tasks 9 and 10.

OPTION 1

1. From what moment does a citizen of the Russian Federation become a subject of legal relations?

1) from birth

2) from the moment of obtaining a passport

3) from the moment of coming of age 4) from the beginning of labor activity

2. Among the listed offenses, a crime is

1) trade in food products in an unspecified place

2) non-payment of debt

3) appearing at work in a state of intoxication

4) malicious evasion of the payment of alimony

3. Citizens of a foreign state carried out construction work at the entrepreneur’s dacha. The district inspector, having checked their documents, discovered that they did not have documents allowing them to stay on the territory of the Russian Federation. What type of liability will be brought to citizens of a foreign state?

1) disciplinary

2) material

3) administrative

4) criminal

4. Which statement correctly characterizes the relationship between the Constitution and regulations?

1) The constitution is adopted in accordance with other normative acts

2) the norms of the Constitution are equivalent to other normative acts

3) all normative acts are adopted in accordance with the Constitution

4) harmonization of normative acts with the main provisions of the Constitution is not mandatory

5. Are the following statements about the rights of the child correct?

A. The rights of the child are protected by a special convention. B. The right to live and be brought up in a family is one of the main rights of a child.

1) only A is true 3) both are true. judgments

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

6. The list below shows the similarities between criminal and administrative law and their differences. Select and write down in the table first the serial numbers of the similarities, and then the differences.

similarities Features of difference

1) public branch of law

2) the object of regulation is public relations

3) it is possible to be held liable from the age of 14

FUNCTIONS A) recognition of a citizen as legally incompetent B) sentencing for committing a crime C) representing the interests of the defendant in court on the basis of a civil law contract D) dissolution of marriage in the presence of minor children E) supervision of compliance with the law in criminal proceedings LAW ENFORCEMENT STRUCTURES 1) court 2) advocacy 3) prosecutor’s office

4) bringing to responsibility is carried out by a court or a competent official

7. Establish a correspondence between the names of law enforcement structures and their functions: for each position given in the first column, select a position from the second column.

BUT B AT G D

Write in the table the selected numbers under the corresponding letters.

8. Read the text below, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) With the advent of the first states, law arose. (B) Modern democracies have an extensive legal system. (B) However, many lawyers believe that it is not always effective in protecting the interests of citizens. (D) At the same time, it must be admitted that the legal culture of the population remains extremely low.

Determine which positions of the text

1) reflect the facts

2) express opinions

Record in the table the numbers indicating the nature of the relevant provisions.

Read the text. Analyze the data in the table and complete tasks 9 and 10.

Answers Women Men
Women have more rights than men 7% ten%
Women have the same rights as men 49% 59%
Women have fewer rights than men 41% 29%
Difficult to answer 3% 2%

In the course of a sociological survey, respondents were asked to answer a question about the equality of women and men in modern Russia. The results obtained (separately according to the responses of two groups: men and women) are presented in the form of a table.

9. Find in the list below the conclusions that can be drawn on the basis of the data in the table, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated in the answer line in ascending order.

1) Men rate the state of women’s rights in our society higher than women..

2) Women assess their position as unequal with men much more often.

3) Every second man believes that women have more rights than men.

4) Most of the survey participants found it difficult to answer the question.

5) Most men believe that the position of women and men in society is equal.

10. The results of the survey, reflected in the table, were published and commented on in the media. Which of the following conclusions can be directly drawn from the information obtained during the survey? Write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) The socio-economic situation in Russia contributes to overcoming gender discrimination.

2) Women actively fight for their rights and achieve positive results.

3) Most Russian men recognize the equal rights of women.

4) Despite the formal equality of the sexes, enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, in general, women assess their position in society lower than men, and the scope of rights is less than that of men.

5) The Government of Russia should continue social policy aimed at developing the system of preschool educational institutions, a network of public services, which will allow women to be more actively involved in politics, the economy and other spheres of public life in order to fully exercise their rights.

OPTION 2

1. Which of the following is regulated by the rules of civil law?

1) protection of cultural monuments

2) copyright

3) the procedure for paying child support

4) treatment of citizens with authorities

2. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, in our country

1) no citizen can be deprived of the right to vote and be elected

2) only persons with completed legal education have the right to participate in the administration of justice

3) everyone is guaranteed freedom of thought and speech

4) no one under any circumstances has the right to enter the dwelling against the will of the persons living in it

3. Verification of legal acts and actions of officials for their compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation is carried out by

1) Government 3) Constitutional Court

2) Ministry of Justice 4) State Duma

4. An initiative group of citizens opposed the construction of a residential area planned by the authorities on the site of the public garden. Citizens went to court to protect their rights. This fact testifies to

1) the presence of civil society

2) activities of local governments

3) environmental crime

4) independence of the judiciary

5. Are the following judgments about the property of the spouses correct?

A. During a divorce, the property jointly owned by the spouses is divided taking into account the personal contribution of each of them to the family budget.

B. The joint ownership regime does not apply to property received by one of the spouses as a gift or inheritance.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

6. The list below shows the similarities between the legal status of citizens and foreigners in the Russian Federation and their differences. Select and write down in the table first the serial numbers of the similarities, and then the differences.

similarities Features of difference

1) are participants in property civil legal relations

2) have the right to vote in the territory of the Russian Federation

3) are obliged to pay taxes and fees established by law

4) men are obliged to serve in defense of the Fatherland

EXAMPLES A) the right to association B) physical integrity C) freedom of conscience D) the right to honor and dignity TYPES OF RIGHTS 1) personal (civil) 2) political

7. Establish a correspondence between the types of human rights and their specific examples: for each position given in the first column, select the position from the second column.

Write in the table the selected numbers under the corresponding letters.

8. Read the text below, each position marked with a letter.

(A) The legal map of the modern world includes more than 200 national legal systems. (B) Each of them has specific characteristics. (C) Lawyers explain the fact by the fact that the law of a particular country has developed within the boundaries of its own economic, social, political, cultural and religious structures. (D) In our opinion, this is the correct explanation for the differences in legal systems.

Determine which positions of the text

1) reflect the facts

2) express opinions

Record in the table the numbers indicating the nature of the relevant provisions.

Read the text. Analyze the histogram data and complete tasks 9 and 10.

The school conducted a survey of students, parents and teachers. The participants were asked the question: “What do you understand by the violation of the rights of the child?” The survey results are presented as a histogram.

9. Find in the list below the conclusions that can be drawn from the histogram, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) Every third respondent indicated the use of physical force as the main violation of the rights of the child.

2) Most teenagers perceive house arrest for unsatisfactory marks especially painfully.

3) Every fourth respondent sees a violation of the rights of the child in the prohibition to communicate with the other parent in the event of a divorce between the father and mother.

4) Every tenth of the respondents would like the opinion of the child to be taken into account when solving the most important family problems.

5) Unconditional obedience to elders indicated relative

most teenagers under the age of 14. Answer:

10. The results of the survey, reflected in the histogram, were published and commented on in the media. Which of the following conclusions directly follow from the information received during the survey? Write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) The problem of violation of the rights of the child aroused the interest of all respondents.

2) The survey participants indicated the use of physical force and corporal punishment as the most common type of violation of children’s rights.

3) Most of the survey participants pointed to the need to create a system of bodies that carry out activities for the state protection of children’s rights.

4) The main violators of the rights of the child, according to the results of the survey, are parents and educators.

5) The problem of violation of the rights of the child in modern conditions cannot be finally solved.

OPTION 3

1. A certain way organized interaction of the rules of law, institutions and branches of law is called

1) law and order 3) code of law

2) legal space 4) system of law

2. In February, 16-year-old Marina was hired. In June, she applied for leave in July. The administration of the enterprise refused her, referring to the fact that the leave for the first year of work is granted to employees after six months of continuous work. This dispute can be resolved through the process

1) administrative

2) arbitration

3) civil

4) criminal

3. The Constitution of the Russian Federation characterizes our state as secular, which means

1) the priority of higher education when applying for a job

2) mandatory participation of civil servants in social events

3) regular organization of public holidays

4) separation of church from state power

4. According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, a lawyer is obliged to provide free judicial protection in cases

1) about divorce

2) minors

3) on consumer protection

4) on the protection of honor and dignity

5. Are the following judgments about legal liability correct?

A. Legal liability is the state’s response to a past wrongdoing.

B. Legal responsibility is imposed not only for actions, but also for thoughts, even if they are not expressed.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

similarities Features of difference

6. Compare civil and family law. Select and write down in the table first the serial numbers of the similarities, and then the differences.

1) branch of private law

2) regulates relations arising from the facts of kinship or property

3) is a system of rules of law

4) the code of this branch of law is called the second constitution of Russia

7. Establish a correspondence between the types of misconduct and their specific examples: for each position given in the first column, select the position from the second column.

EXAMPLES A) publicly insulting a citizen B) absenteeism without a valid reason C) violation of the rules of trade D) default on a debt obligation TYPES OF OFFENSES 1) civil law 2) administrative 3) disciplinary

Write in the table the selected numbers under the corresponding letters.

8. Read the text below, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) In our opinion, the violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms is not only a personal tragedy, but also creates conditions for social and political unrest, generates violence and conflicts. (B) Rights and freedoms are proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (B) This declaration is non-binding, it proclaims goals and principles. (D) At the same time, it should be noted that a significant number of countries have included its provisions in their constitutions.

Determine which positions of the text

1) reflect the facts

2) express opinions

Record in the table the numbers indicating the nature of the relevant provisions.

Read the text. Analyze the histogram data and complete tasks 9 and 10.

The survey participants were asked the question: “What measures should be taken by the state so that the rights of the child can be fully realized?” Based on the results, a histogram was compiled.

9. Find in the list below the conclusions that can be drawn from the histogram, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) The relative majority of respondents believe that in order to more effectively protect the rights of the child, the state should create a specialized state structure.

2) Almost every third participant in the survey believes that violators of children’s rights should be punished more severely than is provided for by the current legislation.

3) Every tenth respondent noted the need to create a hotline accessible to all, through which one can report a violated right, consult on issues of interest.

4) Some survey participants suggested such measures as the development of children’s sports and the creation of children’s organizations.

5) The number of respondents who consider children’s organizations to be a more effective way to solve problems related to the violation of children’s rights is twice as large as those who propose tougher penalties for violations of children’s rights.

10. The results reflected in the histogram were published and commented on in the media. Which of the following conclusions directly follow from the information received during the survey? Write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) Most of the respondents faced violations of the rights of the child.

2) It is necessary to solve the problem of protecting the rights of children at the state level – the opinion of the absolute majority of respondents.

3) Educational institutions should pay more attention to the formation of a legal culture among young citizens.

4) The protection of the rights of the child should be comprehensive and include all the measures mentioned by the respondents.

5) It is necessary to create everywhere centers of psychological and pedagogical assistance to children who find themselves in a difficult life situation.

OPTION4

1. In accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the legislative power is represented by a system of state bodies, to which the

1) Government of the Russian Federation

2) State Duma of the Russian Federation

3) the President of the Russian Federation

4) local governments

2. A fourteen-year-old teenager decided to get a job at the post office. Which of the conditions must be fulfilled by the employer in order to hire him?

1) providing work only in the morning hours

2) coordination of employment with guardianship and guardianship authorities

3) involvement in overtime work only with the consent of the parents

4) payment of labor earnings to parents or persons replacing them

3. Which of the following applies to the property obligations of the spouses?

1) choice of residence

2) payment of alimony

3) relationships in the family based on mutual assistance, respect, care

4) choice of surname

4. Under the protection of international humanitarian law are not

1) military leaders

2) minors

3) prisoners of war

4) medical workers

5. Are the following judgments about a citizen with limited legal capacity correct?

A. A citizen with limited legal capacity has the right to make only small household transactions.

B. A citizen with limited legal capacity does not have the right to sell the house on his own.

1) only A is true

2) only B is true

3) both statements are correct

4) both judgments are wrong

6. Select and write down in the table first the serial numbers of objects that are in state ownership, and then – in private.

state property Private property

1) equipment of the dairy farm of the agricultural cooperative “Care”

2) buildings of Russian diplomatic missions abroad

3) national park lands

4) the car park of LLC “Pilot”

7. Establish a correspondence between the terms denoting ways of securing contractual obligations and their definitions: for each position given in the first column, select the position from the second column.

TERMS A) penalty (fine, penalty) B) pledge C) guarantee (guarantee) D) advance payment DEFINITIONS 1) the amount of money that one of the parties transfers to the other at the conclusion of the contract on account of future payments 2) the obligation of a third party to the debtor’s creditor to be responsible for the fulfillment of the terms of the contract 3) any property or property right that, in case of default by the debtor of the obligation, can be used for 4) the amount of money determined by law or contract, which the debtor is obliged to pay to the creditor in case of non-performance or improper performance of the obligation

Write in the table the selected numbers under the corresponding letters.

8. Read the text below, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) The fight against organized crime and corruption is of a political and legal nature. (B) In our opinion, among the tasks in the fight against crime, one should single out the task of strengthening the system of law enforcement agencies, primarily structures that counteract organized crime and terrorism, and creating conditions for their effective operation. (C) The authors are deeply convinced that the fight against crime should not be the sole concern of law enforcement agencies. (D) State bodies have a number of powers, the implementation of which contributes to the prevention of illegal actions.

Determine which positions of the text

1) reflect the facts

2) express opinions

Record in the table the numbers indicating the nature of the relevant provisions.

Read the text. Analyze the data in the table and complete tasks 9 and 10.

In 2015, the think tank conducted a survey of the adult population of country N on their attitudes towards crime. Adult citizens were asked to name the main reasons for the increase in crime in the country over the past fifteen years. The survey results are presented in the form of a table.

9. Find in the list below the conclusions that can be drawn from the table, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) The relative majority of respondents believe that crime is a natural consequence of the division of society into the poor and the rich, varying degrees of availability of material, social and other benefits.

2) More than a third of the survey participants explain the increase in crime by the lack of moral education, the loss of the authority of the family and school.

3) Approximately every seventh respondent is sure that weak state power and inefficient work of law enforcement agencies are excellent grounds for the growth of crime.

4) Some of the survey participants argue that the country’s legislation is too soft and liberal in relation to criminals.

5) The negative role of cinema and the media, which form an attractive image of the criminal world, was indicated by every fifth participant in the survey.

10. The results of the survey, reflected in the table, were published and commented on in the media. Which of the following conclusions directly follow from the information received during the survey? Write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) Survey participants indicated diverse reasons for the increase in crime in the country.

2) In the conditions of a modern market economy, the state should pursue an active social policy aimed at smoothing out the contradictions associated with a sharp stratification of the population in terms of income.

3) The country’s parliamentarians need to develop and implement a reform of law enforcement agencies that will improve the efficiency of their activities.

4) The majority of the country’s population is in favor of lifting the moratorium on the use of the death penalty.

5) The general exasperation and growth of aggression in society were caused by previous wars.

OPTION 5

1. The parents of eight-year-old Alyosha often shout at him, scold him with rude words. In this situation, the right of the child is violated

1) live and be brought up in a family

2) to express one’s own opinion

3) respect for human dignity

4) to communicate with relatives

2. In accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power in Russia is

1) Federal Assembly 3) President of the Russian Federation

2) State Duma 4) people

3. The declaration of a minor who has reached the age of 16, fully capable by decision of the guardianship and guardianship authorities or the court is called

1) delinquency 3) expropriation

2) emancipation 4) contribution

4. What situation is regulated by the criminal law?

1) fire safety rules are violated

2) filed a claim for illegal dismissal

3) an application has been filed for the establishment of guardianship over citizen D., recognized by the court as incompetent

4) intentionally caused serious bodily harm

5. Are the following judgments about legal acts correct?

A. The set of rules established by a public organization that regulates its activities is called the Charter.

B. The legislative act, which unites and systematizes the rules of law governing a certain area of social relations, is called the Constitution.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

subjective meaning Objective meaning

6. Select and write down in the table first the serial numbers of examples of understanding law in the subjective sense of the word, and then in the objective sense.

1) constitutional law

2) the right to life

3) Russian law

CONCEPTS A) legal representative B) trustee C) guardian DEFINITIONS 1) a person called to protect the rights and legitimate interests of minors under 14 years of age in the absence of parents or deprivation of their parental rights 2) a person called to protect the rights and legitimate interests of minors aged 14 to 18 years in the absence of parents or deprivation of them parental rights 3) persons who can protect minors, for example, in court

4) ownership

7. Establish a correspondence between concepts and their definitions: for each position given in the first column, select a position from the second column.

Write in the table the selected numbers under the corresponding letters.

8. Read the text below, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) The Russian Constitution proclaims freedom of labor, i.e. the right of everyone “to freely dispose of his abilities for work, to choose the type of activity and profession”. (B) The Basic Law declares the prohibition of forced labor and the right to work in conditions that meet the requirements of safety and hygiene, to remuneration for work without any discrimination and not below the minimum wage established by federal law, as well as the right to protection from unemployment.

(B) At the same time, it is no secret to anyone that the above legal provisions in real life quite often remain a declaration. (D) As can be seen, the Russian state, having abandoned excessive, in the opinion of the legislator, interference in the regulation of labor relations, in fact, also withdrew itself from control over compliance with the law in the field of labor activity.

Determine which provisions of the text. Write down in the table the numbers indicating the nature of the corresponding provisions.

1) reflect facts 2) express opinions

Read the text. Analyze the histogram data and complete tasks 9 and 10.

The participants of the school sociological circle conducted a survey. Pupils in grades 10-11 were asked the question: “From what source do you get information about your rights?” The survey results are presented as a histogram.

9. Find in the list below the conclusions that can be drawn from the histogram, and write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) According to the majority of respondents, the main source of legal information is an educational institution.

2) The media, Internet resources and parents indicated approximately the same number of survey participants as the main sources of legal information with a slight difference in favor of the media.

3) Every fifth respondent found it difficult to answer.

4) From the point of view of the absolute majority of the surveyed high school students, the most significant sources of information about rights are representatives of the immediate environment – peers and parents.

5) Every fifth participant in the survey received information about their rights from their parents.

10. The results of the survey, reflected in the histogram, were posted on the school website and commented on at a meeting of the pedagogical council. Which of the following conclusions directly follow from the information received during the survey? Write down the numbers under which they are indicated, in ascending order.

1) High school students know about their rights and how to protect them.

2) Educational institutions play a leading role in shaping the legal culture of young people.

3) The results of the survey were influenced by crisis phenomena occurring in the modern family.

4) Survey participants indicated various sources of information about their rights.

5) The results of the survey will make it possible to correct the activities of the school in legal education of students, to use the media and the Internet more actively in it, and to involve parents.

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