PROCEDURE FOR FENCED WORK PLACES AT STATIONS

Theoretical part.

1. Types of track work.

List of works, train speeds, application forms for issuing warnings and officials entitled to manage the work.

No. p / p Name of works Train speed, km/h Warning request form Performance Manager
Works, the places of production of which are fenced with stop signals
one. Track alteration with simultaneous jointing of more than three adjacent ends of sleepers, and with the use of a tightening device with simultaneous jointing of more than six adjacent ends of sleepers in straight sections of the track and along the inner thread of curves, and more than three adjacent ends of sleepers along the outer thread of curves No speed reduction Path Foreman
2. Single change of rails and individual metal parts of non-centralized turnouts Same Same
3. Change of overlays or insulation elements of insulating joints No speed reduction Path Foreman
4. Correction of the track and turnouts on the deeps with the laying of deep linings with a total thickness of more than 50 mm road master
5. Continuous replacement of rails with new or old-year ones of the same type or another with or without replacement of linings: at the stage and station with a work front of 200 m or less at a work front of more than 200 m Road foreman HR or PMS Senior road foreman (head of section) HR or PMS
6. Adjustment of gaps without breaking the rail track with devices that prevent the movement of trains No speed reduction Path Foreman
7. Acceleration of gaps with a break in the rail track with devices that prevent the movement of trains with rails: P50 and heavier lighter than P50 using a hydraulic tensioner GNU No speed reduction Roadmaster Ditto Ditto
eight. Preparation of a place for charging crushed stone cleaning equipment with laying beds under the sleepers road master
nine. Straightening of a jointless track with APC fastening with laying of shims up to 11 mm thick No speed reduction Path Foreman
ten. The same with a thickness of more than 11 mm to 20 mm. Roadmaster IF or PMS
eleven. Straightening of a seamless track with a shift of up to 10 mm using straightening devices with allowable temperature changes and curve radii in accordance with the Instructions for the installation, laying, maintenance and repair of a seamless track No speed reduction Path Foreman
12. Straightening of a jointless and link track with straightening devices simultaneously by a value of 10 to 60 mm road master
thirteen. Change of rails in equalizing spans of jointless track or seasonal equalizing rails on bridges No speed reduction Same
fourteen. Replacement of inventory rails with rail lashes or change of rail lashes or discharge of thermal stresses with all types of fastenings According to paragraph 2.2.1 and table. 2.1, 2.2, 2.3 of this Instruction and clause 3.3.2. Instructions for the device, laying, maintenance and repair of a seamless track. Head of the PMS or HR and their deputies
fifteen. The work of a motor wrench on the haul No speed reduction Senior road foreman (head of section)
sixteen. Aluminothermic welding of rail joints and joints within turnouts Roadmaster IF or PMS
17. Temporary restoration of a broken lash of a seamless track with cutting out a defective place and installing a rail with overlays and a full number of bolts road master
eighteen. Single change of metal parts of centralized turnouts No speed reduction road master
nineteen. Changeover of the turnout by ordinates (when only the side track is changed, the speed along the straight track after removal of the stop signals is not limited road master
20. Change of frogs with a continuous tread surface and wits of centralized turnouts No speed reduction road master
21. Continuous change of metal parts of the railroad switch Head of section (senior road foreman)
22. A continuous change of transfer bars and a single change of vane bars or bars on which devices for transferring arrows or moving cores of crosses are attached road master
23. Installation of fittings for pneumatic blowing and electric heating on turnouts No speed reduction Path Foreman
24. Straightening of bearing parts of bridges Head of the HR or his deputy
25. Continuous change of bridge beams on bridges longer than 50 m to 50 m Head of the HR or his deputy Senior road foreman (head of section) or bridge foreman
26. Change of ballastless bridge deck plates (BMP) Heads of the PMS or HR and their deputies
27. Single change: bridge or power plate beams and sleepers on bridges of under-truss beams Senior road foreman (head of section) or bridge foreman the same
28. Replacement of individual wits or frame rails of leveling devices on bridges Senior road foreman (head of section) or bridge foreman
29. Change of elements of counter-angles (counter-rails) and anti-theft corners (security bars) Road or bridge foreman
thirty. Cleaning of drainage pipes on reinforced concrete superstructures with cutting and cleaning of ballast above them road master
31. Works on artificial structures and subgrade, performed without violating their integrity when placing mechanisms, equipment and materials in violation of the clearance of buildings No speed reduction Senior road foreman (head of section), bridge or tunnel foreman
32. Laying of suspended packages (rail or special design) and movement along them until the end of their settlement Deputy Head of the PC
33. Skolka icing in the tunnels No speed reduction tunnel master
Works, the places of production of which are fenced with signals to reduce speed
34. Cleaning crushed stone in sleeper boxes to a depth of 10 cm below the bottom of the sleepers for a track length of up to 25 m with simultaneous work in every 10 boxes in places of single splashes on a continuous track road master
35. Cleaning crushed stone in sleeper boxes on a link track to a depth of 10 cm below the sole of the sleepers in places of single splashes, subject to simultaneous work in every 6th box Path foreman
36. Change and addition of sleepers with ballast cut to their bottom during track repairs, provided that there are at least three sleepers between simultaneously replaced sleepers Path foreman
37. Alignment of a link track with rails P50 and heavier with lifting at the same time to a height of 20 to 60 mm Path foreman
38. Alignment of the link track with rails P43 and lighter with lifting at the same time to a height of 20 to 60 mm Same
39. Straightening a seamless track with lifting at the same time to a height of 20 to 60 mm road master
40. Removal of shims from under the rails on a separate type fastener during the preparation of the path for the operation of machines in the “window” Path foreman
41. Straightening of the link path at the same time by a value of 20 to 60 mm Path foreman
42. Correction of the path with the laying of heaving pads with a total thickness: from 10 to 25 mm from 26 to 50 mm Path foreman The same
43. Overlay welding of rail ends Foreman of the track and foreman of the surfacing column
44. Surfacing of turnout crosses lying in the way and their carburization Same
45. The device of transverse drainage slots with the installation of rail packages Foreman or senior road foreman (head of section)
46. Run-in of the track after: replacement of the track grid; cleaning gravel to a depth of more than 15 cm; putting on new ballast In accordance with clause 2.6 of this Instruction Same
Works, the places of production of which are protected by signal signs “C” (about blowing a whistle)
47. Cleaning or replacement of ballast in sleeper boxes up to the lower bed of the sleeper on a link track, provided that there are no more than 4 boxes on a link 25 m long with a distance between boxes of at least 4 m No speed reduction Path foreman
48. Single change of sleepers on a link track, provided that there are at least six sleepers between simultaneously changed sleepers No speed reduction 4th category track fitter
49. Single change of sleepers on a seamless track, incl. in equalizing spans with a grid sign up to 2 cm at a rail temperature not exceeding the fixing temperature on straight lines – by 20 0 С, curves with a radius of 800 m or more – by 15 0 С, 600 – 799 m – by 10 0 С, 350-599 m – by 5 0 C, provided that these works are carried out at the same time no more often than after 20 sleepers No speed reduction Path Foreman
fifty. Track straightening with simultaneous lifting up to 20 mm Same Path foreman
51. Correction of deviations in level, subsidence and distortions by laying or replacing shims up to 10 mm thick, with separate and unlined fastening No speed reduction Track fitter 5th category
52. Distillation of individual sleepers No speed reduction 4th category track fitter
53. Altering the track with simultaneous jointing of no more than three adjacent ends of the sleepers, and using a tightening device with simultaneous jointing of no more than six adjacent ends of the sleepers in straight sections and along the inner thread of curves and no more than three adjacent ends of the sleepers along the outer thread of curves Same Path foreman
54. Track width adjustment for separate fastening with simultaneous loosening of embedded and terminal bolts at no more than three ends of the sleepers No speed reduction Path foreman
55. Single change of elements of intermediate rail fastenings with simultaneous jointing (loosening of bolts) of no more than three adjacent ends of sleepers, with a distance between groups of working teams of at least 10 sleepers on a link track and transfer bars on turnouts No speed reduction 4th category track fitter
56. Straightening of the link path at the same time up to 20 mm No speed reduction Path foreman
57. Correction of the track and turnouts on the deeps by laying deep cards with a total thickness of up to 10 mm Same Track fitter 5th category
58. Other work performed by the track team directly on the track and not requiring a stop or slowdown signal Same At the discretion of the foreman, not lower than the fitter of the track, 3rd category
59. Works on artificial structures and subgrade, performed without violating their integrity when placing mechanisms, equipment and materials without violating the dimensions of the approach of buildings No speed reduction Not issued At the discretion of the bridge or road master

Note 1. If it is necessary to raise or straighten the track by more than 6 cm, these works must be carried out on a track that is closed to train traffic.

2. If, when correcting the track, heaving pads are laid on the deeps, which differ in thickness from the deep pads lying on the way by more than 15 mm, then the work site is fenced off with stop signals, and trains are passed at the speed specified in clause 42. Table 2.7.

3. For the period of illness or vacation of the work manager specified in Table 2.7., the work can be supervised by persons who have the right to substitute, issued by order of the head of the structural unit: the track fitter of the 5th category replaces the track foreman, the track foreman – the road foreman, and the road foreman – senior road foreman (head of the section) of the track distance, who passed the test in knowledge of the Rules for the technical operation of the railways of the Russian Federation [1].

2. Issuing warnings.

Before the start of track work, a warning is issued to locomotive crews of the appropriate form.

All warnings are divided into three types:

valid from the moment of establishment until cancellation, when the relevant manager, according to the conditions of work, cannot determine the exact date for their completion;

valid for a certain period established by the head of work, indicated in the application for issuing a warning;

established for individual trains if it is necessary to comply with special conditions for their passage (the presence in the train of cargo or rolling stock that cannot follow at a set speed, when assigning stops not provided for by the schedule, etc.).

Applications for the issuance of warnings in connection with the upcoming production of planned track works are given:

road foremen – for the duration of the work, but not more than 12 hours;

chiefs of the distance of the way – for up to 5 days;

deputy heads of the track service of the regional directorate of infrastructure with confirmation of the head of the track service – for up to 10 days.

Warnings not provided for by the train schedule for longer periods are set by the head of the infrastructure directorate. At the same time, in the order to establish a warning, the relevant employees may be given the right to cancel the warning after the necessary work has been completed and conditions have been restored for the passage of trains at a normal speed. Warnings set by the head of the infrastructure directorate must be issued upon receipt of an application within a day.

If, during the inspection of the track, by track-measuring or flaw-detection cars, track-detection flaw-detection motrices, places that threaten the safety of train traffic, applications for issuing warnings are issued by the heads of these cars, railcars or their deputies.

The work manager is prohibited from starting work, and the person responsible for the safe conduct of work is prohibited from giving permission to start work without making sure through the train dispatcher or the station attendant that warnings are issued for trains.

WARNING REQUEST FORM

Form 1

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of track)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until cancelled”)

issue warnings to trains: “Stop at the red

signal, and in its absence, follow at a speed not

over _________ km/h”.

Form 2

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of track)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until cancelled”)

issue warnings to trains: “Stop at the red

signal, and in its absence, follow the established

speed”.

Form 3

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of route)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until canceled”)

issue warnings to trains: “Speed no more than _______ km/h

for trucks and ______ km/h for passenger”.

Form 4

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of route)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until cancelled”)

issue warnings to trains: “The track car is working

(flaw detector, etc.), ensure special vigilance and more frequent

signaling.”

Form 5

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of route)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until canceled”)

issue warnings to trains on _________ until canceled

(room)

way: “The plow is working, give warning (number) signals.”

Form 6

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of track)

_____________ way before the cancellation issue warnings to trains,

(room)

following the __________ path: “Works ________________________ with

(number) (name of machine)

size violation.

Stop at a red signal, and in its absence, follow

no more than _________ km/h.

Form 7

_______________ 20__ from ________________ h ________________ min.

(the date)

for ____________ km, pickets _______ of the stretch _____________________

(name of track)

_____________ way to ____________________________________________

(number) (specify hours or “until cancelled”)

issue warnings to trains: “Ensure special vigilance

and more frequent alerts.”

3. Issuing a “window”

An application for the provision of planned “windows” is issued no later than 4 days in advance. When applying for a “window”, it is indicated:

– place of work;

– date and time of work execution;

– the work being done;

– name and position of the head of work;

– the name of the signalmen;

– the required duration of the “window”;

– track machines used during the “window”.

Before performing work, the work manager calls the train dispatcher via registered communication and reads out the application for the provision of a “window” in the following form:

“(Date Time). For the performance of work on (the name of the work is indicated) on (the number of kilometer and picket, the number of the track, the name of the stage are indicated), please provide a “window”, duration (the required duration is indicated) and send to a closed stage (the name and number of the track car are indicated, if necessary its application on this “window”) to (the kilometer and the picket to which the track car follows without stopping are indicated), then as directed by the head. The work site will be fenced in accordance with the signaling instructions. (position, full name, number of certificate of the head of work).

After receiving the application, the train dispatcher issues an order to close the haul to the head of work and those on duty at the border haul stations. The work manager writes down the order number and the dispatcher’s surname, as well as the time of the “window” and the name of the work in the Telephone Record Log.

After the work is completed, the manager sends the train dispatcher a notification via a registered connection, in the following form:

“(Date Time). On (the number of the kilometer and the picket, the number of the track, the name of the stage) work on (the name of the work is indicated) has been completed, there are no obstacles to the movement of trains, there is a gauge. The fence has been removed. The section (the name of the section is indicated) can be open for train traffic with (the speed limit or “graphic speed” is indicated). (position, full name, number of certificate of the head of work).

4. Fencing

The fencing of the place of work is carried out in accordance with the “Instructions for signaling on the railway transport of the Russian Federation”.

4.1 The procedure for fencing work sites on the haul

Any obstacle to traffic (a place requiring a stop) on the haul and station, as well as a place of work that is dangerous for traffic and requires a stop or a decrease in speed, must be fenced with signals from both sides, regardless of whether a train (shunting stock) is expected or not .

The list of hauls indicating the distance B, at which firecrackers must be laid, and the distance A, at which speed reduction signals must be set, depending on the leading descent and the maximum allowable speed of trains on the haul, is determined by the head of the railway in accordance with table 1.

Table 1.

Guiding descent and the maximum allowable speed of trains on the haul Distance from the signal signs “Beginning of a dangerous place” and “End of a dangerous place” to the speed reduction signals A Distance from portable red signals at the work site and from the place of a sudden obstacle to the first firecracker B
On hauls where there are guide slopes less than 0.006, at a speed of: freight trains not more than 80 km/h, passenger and refrigerated trains not more than 100 km/h
refrigerated trains over 100 km/h but not more than 120 km/h and passenger trains over 100 km/h but not more than 140 km/h
freight trains over 80 km/h, but not over 90 km/h.
freight trains more than 90 km/h, but not more than 100 km/h, passenger trains more than 140 km/h, but not more than 160 km/h
On hauls where there are guide slopes of 0.006 and steeper, but not more than 0.010, at a speed of: freight trains not more than 80 km/h, passenger and refrigerator trains not more than 100 km/h
refrigerated trains over 100 km/h but not more than 120 km/h and passenger trains over 100 km/h but not more than 140 km/h
freight trains over 80 km/h but not over 90 km/h
passenger trains over 140 km/h, but not over 160 km/h
On hauls where there are guiding slopes steeper than 0.010 Installed by the head of the railway

Places of work that require stopping trains, with a front of work of 200 m or less on a single-track section, on one of the tracks and on both tracks of a double-track section, are fenced with stop signals in the order indicated in Figure 1.

a) on a single track

b) on one of the tracks of a double-track section

c) on both tracks of a double-track section

Figure 1. Scheme of fencing of work sites on the stage, requiring trains to stop at a work front of 200 m or less.

a – on a single-track section; b – on one of the tracks of the double-track section; c – on both tracks of the double-track section.

At a distance of 50 m from the boundaries of the fenced area, portable red signals are installed on both sides, which are under the supervision of the work manager. From these signals, three firecrackers are placed at a distance B and at a distance of 200 m from the first firecracker closest to the place of work, portable signals for reducing the speed are installed in the direction from the place of work.

Portable slowdown signals and firecrackers must be guarded by signalmen who must stand 20 m from the first firecracker in the direction of the work site with hand-held red signals (during the day with an unfurled red flag, at night with a hand lamp, the red light of which is turned towards the expected train) .

The fencing is carried out by signalmen who have passed the established test. To distinguish themselves from other railway workers, signalmen must wear a headdress with a yellow top.

When working with a deployed front (more than 200 m), the work sites are fenced in the order indicated in Figure 2. In this case, portable red signals installed at a distance of 50 m from the boundaries of the area requiring fencing must be guarded by signalers standing near them with hand-held red signals .

a) on a single track

b) on one of the tracks of a double-track section

c) on both tracks of a double-track section

Figure 2. Scheme of fencing of work sites on the haul, requiring trains to stop when the work front is more than 200 m: a – on a single-track section; b – on one of the tracks of the double-track section; c – on both tracks of the double-track section

Places of work that require trains to stop on multi-track sections are fenced off in the manner indicated in Figure 3. At the same time, signalmen can be on the inter-track if its width is at least 6 m, and with a smaller inter-track width, the signalers monitor the approach of trains, being on the side of the road. In the case of a train approaching on the extreme track, at which the signalman is standing, and there is no obstacle on this track, the signalman meets the train with a folded yellow flag.

a) the outermost track of the three-track section

b) the middle track of a three-track section

c) the middle track of the four-track section

Figure 3. Scheme of fencing work sites on a multi-track section of the haul, requiring trains to stop: a – the outermost track of the three-track section; b – the middle track of the three-track section; c – the middle track of the four-track section

On hauls where the distance from portable red signals to the first firecracker closest to the place of work is set to more than 1200 m, as well as in case of poor visibility, in the absence of radio or telephone communication, in addition to the signalmen guarding the firecrackers, additional signalmen should be posted, whose duties includes the repetition of the signals of the work manager and the main signalmen.

If the place of work on the haul is located near the station and it is impossible to fence this place in the established order, then from the side of the haul it is fenced off as indicated above, and from the side of the station a portable red signal is installed on the axis of the track against the input signal (or the signal sign “Border station”) with the laying of three firecrackers guarded by a signalman (Figure 4, a, b).

If the place of work is located at a distance of less than 60 m from the input signal (or the signal sign “Station Border”), then firecrackers from the side of the station do not fit (Figure 4, c).

a) when installing a portable red signal on the axis of the path against the input signal

b) when installing a portable signal against the sign “Station Boundary”

c) when the work site is located at a distance of less than 60 m from the input signal (or the sign “Station boundary”

Figure 4. Scheme of fencing work sites on the stretch near the station, requiring trains to stop:

a) – when installing a portable red signal on the track axis against the input signal; b) – when installing a portable signal against the sign “Station Boundary”; c) – when the place of work is located at a distance of less than 60 m from the input signal (or the signal sign “Station boundary”

When the place of work is near the station, an entry is made in the Journal of inspection of tracks, turnouts, signaling devices, communications and contact networks about the reception of trains with a stop at the station and the order of their departure.

If at this place of work, after removing the stop signals, trains must be passed with a decrease in speed, then from the side of the haul it is fenced off in accordance with the established procedure, and from the side of the station, portable yellow signals are installed against the wits of the exit switch and against the input signal and at a distance of 50 m from the place of work – signal signs “Beginning of a dangerous place” and “End of a dangerous place” (Figure 5).

Figure 5. Scheme of fencing work sites on the stretch near the station, requiring trains to follow

In the event that the distance from the work site to the station boundary is less than 50 m, the signal sign “Beginning of a dangerous place” is installed opposite the sign “Station boundary”.

When performing work on the track with a deployed front, as well as on curved sections of a small radius, in recesses and other places with poor visibility of signals and in areas with heavy train traffic, the work manager is obliged to establish communication (telephone or radio) with workers located at the signals, fencing the place of work. Signalers and the work manager must have portable radio stations. The procedure for providing communication to work sites is established by the head of the railway.

When a train approaches a portable yellow signal, the driver must give one long whistle of the locomotive (multi-unit train), and when approaching the signalman with a manual red signal, give a stop signal and take measures to immediately stop the train in order to stop without passing the portable red signal.

Places of work on hauls that require trains to run at a reduced speed are fenced off on both sides at a distance of 50 m from the boundaries of the work site with portable signal signs “Beginning of a dangerous place” and “End of a dangerous place”. From these signal signs, at a distance A (Figure 6), portable speed reduction signals are installed.

a) on a single track

b) on one of the tracks of a double-track section

c) on both tracks of a double-track section

Figure 6. Scheme of fencing work sites on the haul, requiring trains to run at a reduced speed: a) – on a single-track section; b) – on one of the tracks of the double-track section; c) – on both tracks of a double-track section.

Places of work that require a reduction in the speed of trains on multi-track sections are fenced off in the manner indicated in Figure 7.

a) the outermost track of the three-track section

b) the middle track of a three-track section

c) the middle track of the four-track section

Figure 7. Scheme of fencing work sites on multi-track haul sections that require trains to run at a reduced speed:

a) – the extreme track of the three-track section; b) – the middle track of the three-track section; c) – the middle track of the four-track section.

In all cases of fencing obstacles or work sites on multi-track sections, signals and signal signs related to the middle tracks are installed on the inter-track on the right side in the direction of movement to the place of work, and signals and signal signs related to the outer tracks are installed on the nearest shoulder on one side of the road.

If the place requiring a reduction in speed on the haul is located near the station and it is impossible to fence it in the established order, then from the side of the haul it is fenced off as it is established for the haul, and from the side of the station, portable speed reduction signals are installed against the wits of the output arrow and against the input signal ( Figure 5), and at stations with route signals on the main tracks – against the route signal.

When a train approaches a portable yellow signal, the driver is obliged to give one long whistle of the locomotive (multi-unit train) and drive the train in such a way as to follow the place fenced off by the portable signal signs “Beginning of a dangerous place” and “End of a dangerous place”, at the speed indicated in the warning, and in the absence of a warning – at a speed of not more than 25 km / h.

Work places on the track that do not require fencing with stop or slow down signals, but that require warning workers of the approach of the train, are fenced on both sides with portable signal signs “C”, which are installed at the track where work is carried out, as well as at each adjacent main track. Portable signal signs “C” are installed in the same order, at adjacent main tracks and in the course of work, fenced with stop signals or speed reduction signals.

Portable signal signs “C” are installed at a distance of 500–1500 m from the boundaries of the work site, and on hauls where trains circulate at a speed of more than 120 km/h, at a distance of 800–1500 m (Figure 8).

Figure 8

The train driver is obliged, when approaching the portable signal sign “C”, to give a warning signal with a typhon – one long whistle of the locomotive (multi-unit train).

When performing work on bridges and in tunnels, the full length of the tunnel or bridge is taken as the work area, i.e. the boundaries of the work area are the portals of the tunnel or the back faces of the bridge abutments.

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