PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL ECOLOGY

Practice #5

“Modern ecological crisis and survival strategies of mankind”

The purpose of the lesson:

§ Identification of the essence of the modern ecological crisis;

§ search for ways to solve environmental problems of different levels.

PYRAMID OF NEEDS A. MASLOW

The theory of the hierarchy of fundamental needs, lining up in a kind of pyramid, in which a higher level of need can arise only after the implementation of the lower one.

In the 60s of the last century, the classification proposed by A. Maslow was very popular:

Task 1. Answer the questions of the questionnaire.

1.1. If you were asked to describe your understanding of personal happiness in five words, which of the answers below would you use? (see the list of item 4.2. of the questionnaire).

1.2. Indicate with the number 1 your most important thing for you, with the number 2 – a little less important, etc. And how would you answer the same question 10 years ago (indicate 3-5 factors of happiness that are significant for you 10 years ago).

• active active life

• interesting job

• financially secure life

• having true friends

• happy family life

• life full of pleasures, entertainments

• freedom, independence

• expanding your education, horizons

• peaceful situation in the country

• clear conscience, honest life

• social activity

• comfort, peace

• health

• love

• presence of children

• achieving power

• respect for others

• creation

• equality for all

• art

• money by any means

• career success

• communication with people

• Vera

• something other____________________________________________________________

PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL ECOLOGY

• Mankind, like any population, cannot grow indefinitely;

• society in its development must take into account the measure of biospheric phenomena;

• sustainable development of society depends on the timeliness of the transition to alternative resources and technologies;

• any transformative activity of society should be based on an ecological forecast;

• the development of nature should not reduce the diversity of the biosphere and worsen the quality of life of people;

• sustainable development of civilization depends on the moral qualities of people;

• everyone is responsible for their actions before the future;

• it is necessary to think globally, act locally;

• the unity of nature obliges humanity to cooperate.

Task 2. Make a chart that characterizes modern environmental problems of various scales.

Task 3. Answer the questions.

1. How, in your opinion, should scientific and technological progress develop:

a) must develop taking into account the laws of nature

b) must establish new laws for the development of nature

c) should not take into account the laws of nature

d) must develop regardless of the laws of nature?

2. Which of the formulations does not apply to the so-called “wreath of laws” by B. Commoner:

a) everything is connected to everything

b) harmful for some – dangerous for others

c) you have to pay for everything

d) everything has to go somewhere

d) not enough for everyone

f) how it comes around, it will respond (the law of ecological boomerang) g) nature knows better?

3. Select the most significant among the causes of the environmental crisis:

a) growth of natural anomalies

b) the growth of energy consumption in the industrial and household sectors

c) waste pollution of water, atmospheric air, soil

d) population growth

e) psychology of nature consumption and conquest of nature

e) all of the above.

4. The global environmental problems of the biosphere include:

a) an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

b) cutting down the Khimki forest for the construction of a motorway in the Moscow region c) thinning and perforation of the ozone screen

d) pollution of the coasts of the seas near large cities

e) deforestation (as a result of deforestation and fires)

f) poaching

g) extinction of plant, animal and ecosystem species as a whole.

5. The stage of development of the biosphere, when reasonable human activity becomes the main factor in the development on our planet, is:

a) technosphere; b) anthroposphere; c) noosphere; d) sociosphere.

6. Indicate the correct statement:

a) waste-free production is impossible, because production waste many waste cannot be disposed of, they can only be transferred from one form to another and buried;

b) with a sufficiently high level of development of technology and technology, the bulk of the waste can be processed to obtain useful products and energy;

c) “non-waste production” is a terminological error: instead of the term “waste-free” one should say “low-waste” production.

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