Personal and group tourist equipment

Municipal autonomous educational institution

Additional education “Center for Children’s Creativity”

Urban district city of Kumertau

Republic of Bashkortostan

Abstract of an open tourist lesson

“Personal and group tourist equipment”

Completed:

Teacher of additional education

Tatarnikova Marina Yurievna

Kumertau, 2019

Personal and group tourist equipment

Making a hiking trip, like any other type of activity, requires the necessary, in this case tourist, equipment. It can be conditionally divided into personal, group and special.

Personal equipment is all that is necessary for each tourist personally. Group equipment is used by the whole group. Special equipment is required to perform local history, expeditionary tasks (geological, archaeological, botanical, etc.). Special equipment also includes items (personal and group) associated with the specifics of a particular trip (ropes, carabiners, cords, mosquito nets, etc.). The need for such equipment arises during difficult hikes, so we will not talk about it now.

General requirements for tourist equipment: safety of operation, strength, minimum weight and volume, ease of use, versatility, comfort, hygiene, aesthetics.

First of all, the equipment used, various devices should ensure the safety of tourists. This requirement, as we have already noted, is given special importance. Since it is often about saving life and health, sometimes it is necessary to abandon things that are light, but fragile. We must remember one simple truth – in the campaign there is no way to replace a spoiled thing, the ability to repair it is limited. Therefore, clothing and equipment must be durable.

Considering the fact that tourists carry all the equipment on a hike, the weight of the equipment should be minimal.

Any equipment should also be easy to use (it is unlikely that you will take a tent on a camping trip, the installation of which requires many additional parts and time).

The equipment should provide the maximum possible comfort both during the movement and during the rest of the tourists.

Tourist clothing must be hygienic, ensuring the normal functioning of the body during increased and prolonged physical exertion and various weather conditions.

And, of course, the equipment used should be aesthetic, pleasing to the eye, uplifting. As a rule, this refers to the appearance of things, their color. Gone are the notions that the best tourist clothing is a burned-out, worn-out windbreaker. Now tourists are trying to wear bright, beautiful things. In addition, as we will see below, this is another of the security requirements.

The list of personal equipment of a tourist should include the most necessary things, taking into account the complexity and type of hike, the climatic conditions of the area.

An approximate list of personal equipment for a tourist for a summer hiking trip with several overnight stays in the field :

1) a backpack with a polyethylene liner;

2) sleeping bag;

3) insulating mat (polyurethane foam);

4) waterproof bags for packing personal belongings;

5) storm suit or anorak;

6) woolen sports suit;

7) warm jacket (or woolen sweater);

8) change of linen;

9) shirt;

10) shorts, swimming trunks (bathing suit);

11) woolen socks – 2 pairs;

12) cotton socks – 2 – 3 pairs;

13) a cap with a visor, a scarf;

14) sunglasses;

15) tourist boots;

16) sneakers or sneakers;

17) toiletries;

18) towel for body and feet;

19) mug, spoon, bowl, knife (KLMN);

20) rain cape;

21) compass;

22) individual repair kit;

23) individual dressing package;

24) notepad, pen, pencils, ruler.

The most necessary things should be put in easily accessible places: in pockets or under the flap of a backpack.

Group equipment, as we have said, is used by all members of the group.

An approximate list of the main group equipment:

1) tents with racks;

2) polyethylene awnings on and under tents;

3) first aid kit;

4) repair kit;

5) clock;

6) campfire farming;

7) awning for the kitchen;

8) household set for cooking;

9) an ax;

10) saw;

11) electric lamp;

12) photo and video equipment;

13) flasks (or containers replacing them);

14) matches in waterproof packaging;

15) route documents and cartographic material.

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