Part 3 (level C tasks)

Option 1.

A 1. The assessment by society of the social significance of a particular status, enshrined in culture and public opinion, is called

1) value 2) adaptation 3) prestige 4) sanction

A 2. There are a huge number of examples in history when commoners became generals. In this case, the army acts as

1) social adaptation 3) social determinants

2) social lift 4) social control

A 3. After graduating from university, K. got a job as a manager in a small private company. After some time, he moved to work as a top manager in the largest holding company in the South of Russia. This situation can be seen as an example

1) horizontal social mobility 2) vertical social mobility

3) social stratification 4) professional differentiation

A 4. Relations between people (or groups of people), which are carried out in accordance with the laws of the social organization of society, are called

1) social relations 2) social structures

3) social integration 4) social differentiation

A 5. The distribution of social groups in a hierarchically ordered sequence is called

1) adaptation 2) stratification 3) mobility 4) socialization

A 6. A democratic (partner) family, in contrast to a patriarchal (traditional) family, is characterized by

1) cohabitation of at least three generations

2) a fair division of household duties

3) the economic dependence of women on men

4) the dominant role of men in the family

A 7. The functions of the family include

1) education of law-abiding behavior in children

2) determination of the amount of utility bills

3) setting standards for school education

4) determination of the minimum wage

A 8. Social control is a special mechanism for maintaining public order and includes two main elements:

1) power and actions 2) norms and sanctions

3) expectations and motives 4) statuses and roles

A 9. There are rules for ending a telephone conversation:

The caller hangs up first. The man who called the woman is waiting for the woman to hang up first.

If the boss called his subordinate, then the latter is waiting for the boss to hang up. What type of social norms can they be attributed to?

1) norms of etiquette 2) customs 3) norms of law 4) traditions

A 10. Social conditions under which people have different access to social benefits are called

1) social mobility 3) social inequality

2) social status 4) social relations

A 11. Which statement is correct?

A. R. and P. got married, formed a family, began to live separately from their parents – this is an example of horizontal mobility.

B. An example of horizontal social mobility is when a worker gets a managerial position at an enterprise in connection with graduation from a university.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

A 12. Which judgment is correct?

A. Behavior that deviates from the values, norms, attitudes and expectations of society or a social group is called deviant.

B. Any manifestation of deviant behavior is a crime.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

B 1. Analyze the data given in the social survey table reflecting the answer to the question “What is success?” What conclusion can be drawn from these data?

Age To be the very best Respect for others Financial independence, independence Career Family Children
14~18 years old 24% 25% 26% eighteen% 7%
18-25 years old eleven% nineteen% 45% 28% eight%
25-30 years old 3% ten% 44% 32% eleven%

1) young people in all age groups singled out economic, independence, independence from others as the main criterion for success

2) young people under the age of 25 consider the creation of a strong family to be the most important thing in life

3) to be the best – a criterion characteristic of young people aged 18 to 25 years. This is due to their characteristic teenage maximalism.

4) the number of people who believe that career growth is the most important thing in life decreases with age

B 2. Read the text below, with each position marked with a letter.

A. The development of interethnic relations in the modern world is associated with two trends – interethnic integration and national differentiation. B. In our opinion, they act constantly, but not without conflict. C. The aggravation of the national question is connected with the contradictions between the growing scientific and technological revolution, which requires maximum cooperation, the international division of labor, and the national identity of states and peoples. D. Contradictions arise between the nation-states themselves due to the presence of specific interests: the use of natural resources, transport communications. E. The reasons for the escalation of conflicts are political, economic, and demographic.

Determine what positions are

1) factual nature 2) nature of value judgments

Write under the letter of the position a number indicating its nature.

B 3. Read the text below with a number of words missing. Choose from the proposed list of words to be inserted in place of spaces.

Social inequality characterizes the relative position of individuals and social ***(A). Specific group or individual ***(B) are recognized as members of society and in public opinion a certain significance is attributed to them. Social inequality in modern society is most often understood as *** (B) – the distribution of social groups in a hierarchical order. The concept of “middle class” describes such a socially comfortable position as economic well-being, the availability of property valued in society *** (D), civil rights. Social inequality is determined primarily by the significance and *** (D) of the functions performed for society. In modern society, the profession becomes the defining criterion of social *** (E)

The words in the list are given in the nominative case. Each word can only be used once. Choose the words sequentially one by one, filling in each gap. Note that there are more words on the list than you need to fill in the gaps.

1) status 2) group 3) criterion

4) stratification 5) profession 6) prestige

7) authority 8) stratification 9) mobility

Part 3 (level C tasks)

1. What is the meaning of social scientists in the concept of “social mobility”? Drawing on the knowledge of the social science course, make two sentences containing information about the factors affecting social mobility

Option 2.

A 1. The profession of a programmer today is especially in demand. Its degree of prestige is determined

1) higher educational institutions 2) enterprise administration

3) society 4) laws

A 2. What social lift was limited by the Circular on Cook’s Children, adopted in Russia in 1886?

1) army 2) church 3) school 4) marriage

A 3. An example of horizontal social mobility is

1) obtaining the next officer rank

2) transfer to a new, better paid position

3) retirement

4) moving to another city

A 4. The clash of opposing goals, opinions and views of the subjects of interaction is

1) social control 3) social integration

2) social adaptation 4) social conflict

A 5. Indicate a sign that is characteristic of all types of social norms.

1) consolidation in the relevant regulations, laws

2) transmission from generation to generation in the form of unwritten norms and rules

3) acting as a regulator of people’s behavior

4) security with the power of state coercion

A 6. What sign must be indicated in order to confirm that the Vasiliev family is extended?

1) Vasiliev N. and M. have been living in a registered marriage for more than 15 years

2) N. and M. Vasilievs have two minor children

3) The Vasilyev family consists of the Vasilyev spouses, their children, as well as the parents of wife N.

4) The Vasilievs have their own business

A 7. A small group based on marriage or consanguinity, whose members are connected by common life and mutual responsibility, is …

1) clan 2) family 3) estate 4) elite

A 8. The activity of a society to prescribe and encourage the proper behavior of its members and the application of sanctions to violators of accepted norms is called

1) social control

2) social differentiation

3) social stratification

4) social progress

A 9. “While greeting a woman or a senior in position, a man should stand up. A woman in a business setting also greets an incoming employee by standing up if he is higher in position. What type of social norms does this norm belong to?

1) custom 2) rule of law 3) tradition 4) etiquette

A 10. Trends in the development of nations and interethnic relations are

1) centralization and decentralization 2) bureaucratization and democratization

3) integration and differentiation 4) collectivization and individualization

A 11. Which statement is correct?

A. A radical change or loss of a profession by a person always entails changes in his social status.

B. As a result of a change in social status, the social roles of a person change.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

A 12. Are the following statements about deviant behavior correct?

A. Deviant behavior can be beneficial to society.

B. A manifestation of positive deviant behavior in society is scientific and inventive activity.

1) only A is true 3) both judgments are true

2) only B is correct 4) both judgments are wrong

Q 1. Analyze data from a social survey on the topic “How often do you trust people?”. What conclusion can be drawn from these data?

Age, years Almost always Often Sometimes Rarely or never

1) the older people are, the less they trust others

2) most people don’t trust each other

3) the most distrustful are people whose generation graduated from school in the late 70s – the first half of the 80s of the twentieth century

4) young people from 18 to 24 years old are characterized by an absolute lack of trust in people

B 2. Read the text below, with each position marked with a letter.

A. In our opinion, deviant behavior is very different from the requirements of social norms. B. It entails the application of sanctions – from the desire to improve to the punishment and isolation of the offender from society. C. Evaluation of human behavior as “deviant” is extremely dependent on the era, the norms and values that have developed in society: what is deviant today may become the norm tomorrow. D. In sociology, there are several reasons for deviant behavior: biological (congenital predisposition of some people to alcoholism, drug addiction, crime); psychological (associated with mental deviations of the personality); social (the impossibility of positive self-realization of the individual).

Determine which provisions of the text are worn

1) factual nature 2) nature of value judgments

Write under the letter of the position a number indicating its nature.

B 3. Read the text below with a number of words missing. Choose from the proposed list of words to be inserted in place of spaces.

The aggravation of national relations results in *** (A). This is a form of conflict in which groups with opposing interests differ in *** (B) features. Their most common causes are violation of *** (C) representatives of a particular nation, violation of justice and *** (D) in interethnic relations. Interethnic conflicts can only be resolved by means of ***(D) – a system of measures implemented by the state aimed at taking into account, combining and realizing national interests, at resolving contradictions in the sphere of national relations. Its strategy in the Russian Federation was developed and substantiated in the Concept of National Policy and the State Program for the National Revival and Interethnic Cooperation of the Peoples of Russia. The strategic goal is to strengthen the unity and cohesion of all peoples on the basis of national revival and interethnic cooperation, the strengthening of *** (E) and ties, the formation of a state-political and interethnic community ~~ Russians.

Words (phrases) in the list are given in the nominative case. Keep in mind that there are more words in the list than you need to fill in the gaps. Choose sequentially one word after another, mentally filling in each gap.

1) a unitary state 2) interethnic conflicts.

3) human rights 4) national policy

5) ethnic 6) federal relations

7) state 8) administrative-command methods

9) tolerance

Part 3 (level C tasks)

1. What is the meaning of social scientists in the concept of “youth”? Make two sentences that reveal the essence of the problems of modern youth.

Additional task for the profile level:

2. To speak at the seminar, you need to prepare a detailed answer on the topic “Interethnic Relations”. Make a plan according to which you will perform.

3. Text. Modern migration processes in Russia

External migration processes in Russia are characterized by qualitative features in relation to the emigrating contingent. Recall that over the past 15 years the country has lost at least 100 thousand people annually. Russia is leaving the most educated, professionally trained people, for whose training huge capital has been spent. “Brain drain” is an indicator that characterizes the socio-economic and political situation of the country. First of all, scientists, doctors, technical and creative intelligentsia, highly skilled workers are leaving Russia. Our citizens, leaving the country, significantly contribute to the growth of the scientific, technical and intellectual potential of Germany, Israel, the USA and a number of other countries.

“Brain drain” has a pronounced perspective character. According to the results of surveys of graduates of leading natural-technical universities (Moscow State University, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow Aviation Institute, etc.), more than 50% of them would like to emigrate, and 10-12% already have concrete proposals for working abroad. Today, every fifth emigrant has a higher education, including among those who left for Israel – 30%, in the USA – more than 40% (the share of people with higher education in Russia is only 13.3%). The departure of a highly qualified specialist is equivalent to the loss of 300 thousand dollars a year for Russia. The damage caused by the departure of one specialist with a Ph.D. degree in some cases reaches $2 million. According to the most conservative estimates of population migration experts, in the coming years Russia will suffer losses of $30-35 billion annually due to the departure of specialists with a high level of training.

The paradoxical nature of the qualitative side of the immigration-emigration balance is determined by the fact that, giving a number of countries its most highly qualified personnel, Russia acquires very low-skilled personnel from part of the excess labor potential of neighboring and even distant countries. There is no exact definition of the number of immigrants to Russia, according to many experts, illegal immigrants are at least 1 million people. In a number of regions of the country, illegal immigration has the most significant impact on the socio-economic, and often even on the state-political situation. For example, immigrants from Southeast Asian countries (mainly from China) are concentrated in the Far East. Taking into account the growing outflow of the Russian-speaking population from the regions of the Far East, the increase in the proportion of Chinese among the total population creates not only ethnic and cultural problems, but also far-reaching economic, military-strategic and political difficulties.

Illegal immigrants occupy the most unprestigious jobs for the local population. A significant part of them agree to work outside their specialty and without formalizing their labor relations with the employer. This situation creates special social and economic consequences. Employers become less interested in improving working conditions and introducing new, more advanced technology; favorable conditions are created for the development of the shadow economy; the level of injuries and morbidity among migrants is growing.

Russia is unable today to avoid both legal and illegal immigration. Its inevitability is predetermined by the demographic situation in the country. For the sake of preserving the territory, the state will have to open the doors wide for immigrants. It is already extremely difficult to curb illegal migration today; we will have to respond by expanding legal opportunities for immigration. It is necessary, without delay, to develop a new migration legislation that takes into account today’s and tomorrow’s interests of Russia. But just changing the laws is not enough. Different attitudes towards nation and citizenship are urgently needed, it is necessary to control the structure of immigration. At the same time, new management schemes and aspirations should be aimed at optimizing the demographic situation of the people of Russia, it is necessary not tomorrow, but today, in reality, to take care of their well-being and health.

P. D. Pavlenok, L. I. Savinov. “Sociology”

C1. What is a “brain drain”? Why does the author consider it an indicator that characterizes the socio-economic situation in the country?

C2. Name at least three consequences of the brain drain.

SZ. What is the qualitative characteristic of illegal immigration? What social and economic problems arise in connection with it? (Name at least three.)

C4. What measures does the author propose to streamline migration processes in Russia?

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