NURSING IN GASTROENTEROLOGY

1. The main cause of chronic gastritis type B


d) Helicobacter pylori infection

2. Products from cereals are included in the diet because they contain


a) B vitamins

3. Chronic gastritis is characterized by syndromes


a) dyspeptic

4. Symptom of chronic gastritis with preserved secretion


d) pain in the epigastric region

5. The main symptom of chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency


c) belching rotten

6. In chronic gastritis is determined


a) pain in the epigastric region

7. When preparing a patient for gastric probing, a cleansing enema


d) not set

8. Complication of chronic gastritis with increased secretory activity


d) peptic ulcer

9. Of decisive importance in the diagnosis of chronic gastritis is


d) fibrogastroscopy

10. Complication of chronic gastritis with a sharply reduced secretory activity


a) stomach cancer

11. Information about the secretory function of the stomach allows you to get


b) gastric sounding

12. Preparing the patient for gastric sounding


a) in the evening – a light dinner, in the morning – on an empty stomach

13. Preparing the patient for endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum


a) in the evening – a light dinner, in the morning – on an empty stomach

14. Endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum


d) esophagogastroduodenoscopy

15. When preparing a patient for an endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, a cleansing enema


d) not set

16. To stimulate gastric secretion, the nurse uses


a) pentagastrin

17. The most effective stimulant of gastric secretion


d) histamine

18. Parenteral irritant of gastric secretion m/s introduces


d) subcutaneously

19. With chronic gastritis, exclude from the diet


a) fatty, fried

20. Diet number 1 involves


b) careful grinding of food

21. The most important for the prevention of exacerbations of chronic gastritis is


d) rational nutrition

22. In chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency, substitution therapy is used


c) pepsidil

23. Tubeless study of the secretory function of the stomach


a) acid test

24. A disease that is characterized by a seasonal exacerbation


d) peptic ulcer

25. The main cause of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer


b) Helicobacter pylori infection

26. Early pain in the epigastric region occurs after eating for


a) 30 minutes after eating

27. Pain in the epigastric region with gastric ulcer usually occurs


a) early

28. In gastric ulcer, the pain is localized


d) in the epigastric region

29. The main symptom of peptic ulcer of the stomach and 12 duodenal ulcer


c) pain in the epigastric region

30. The main complaint in duodenal ulcer is pain.


b) late hungry, night


31. Preparing the patient for a stomach x-ray


a) in the evening – a light dinner, in the morning – on an empty stomach


32. The most common complication of peptic ulcer


d) stomach bleeding

33. Pathognomonic signs of gastric bleeding


c) vomiting “coffee grounds”, tarry stools

34. The nature of feces in acute gastric bleeding


b) tarry

35. Black color of feces occurs when bleeding from the intestine


a) 12 duodenal

36. In the treatment of chronic gastritis, enzyme preparations are used.


d) panzinorm, festal

37. The most informative method for diagnosing peptic ulcer of the stomach and 12 duodenal ulcer


d) endoscopy with biopsy

38. When preparing a patient for a fecal occult blood test, drugs should be discontinued.


a) iron

39. When preparing a patient for fecal occult blood analysis, iron preparations are canceled for


c) 3 days

40. Preparing the patient for fecal occult blood testing

c) within 3 days before the study, exclude iron-containing foods from food, do not brush your teeth if your gums are bleeding

41. Gregersen’s reaction is based on the determination in feces


b) iron

42. When preparing a patient for a fecal occult blood test, it is necessary to exclude from the diet


c) meat

43. Complication of gastric ulcer


d) malignancy

44. For the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection, the patient is prescribed


d) metronidazole, amoxicillin

45. Tactics of a nurse when a patient vomits “coffee grounds” outside the hospital


d) urgent hospitalization

46. Independent nursing intervention for gastric bleeding


d) an ice pack on the stomach

47. Dependent Nursing Intervention for Gastric Bleeding – Introduction


a) calcium chloride, dicynone

48. Priority in the treatment of peptic ulcer belongs to


a) blockers of H 2 -histamine receptors

49. It is recommended for a patient with peptic ulcer


d) frequent fractional meals

50. The principle of mechanical sparing in the nutrition of a patient with peptic ulcer provides


d) serving dishes in a pureed form


51. In the first 2 days after gastrointestinal bleeding, the nurse controls the diet


a) hungry

52. To reduce gastric secretion in the treatment of peptic ulcer apply


d) proton pump inhibitors

53. To reduce the likelihood of exacerbations of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, it is recommended


a) seasonal prevention


54. Early symptoms of stomach cancer


a) progressive weight loss, aversion to meat


55. The most informative method for diagnosing stomach cancer


d) endoscopy with targeted biopsy

56. The basic principle of rational nutrition


c) food balance

57. In case of stomach cancer of stage I-II, the patient undergoes


d) surgical treatment

58. Chronic enteritis reveals


a) pain in the umbilical region

59. In chronic enteritis, feces are noted


d) plentiful, liquid

60. In case of diarrhea, the patient is recommended


d) drink plenty of water, rice water


61. In case of constipation, the patient is recommended


c) foods rich in fiber

62. When constipated, the nurse advises the patient to consume a large amount of


d) foods rich in dietary fiber

63. Probiotic preparations include


d) bactisubtil

64. In chronic colitis is usually detected


d) a tendency to constipation

65. Element of patient preparation for sigmoidoscopy


d) cleansing enema the day before and 2 hours before the examination

66. Element of preparing the patient for colonoscopy



c) in the evening and in the morning twice a cleansing enema

67. Preparing the patient for barium enema


b) the day before and in the morning – a cleansing enema


68. Irrigoscopy is an x-ray contrast study


d) large intestine

69. Diet for liver diseases involves


b) the main version of the standard

70. Exclude from the diet of patients with liver diseases


a) fried meat

71. Symptom of liver cirrhosis


a) pain in the right hypochondrium

72. Risk factor for chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis


b) infection with hepatitis B viruses

73. Diagnostic value in diseases of the liver is taking blood for


d) biochemical analysis

74. To determine the etiology of liver disease, the m / s will take blood from the patient for


c) markers of viral hepatitis

75. A disease in which there are “spider veins” on the upper body, jaundice, ascites


c) cirrhosis of the liver

76. For the diagnosis of hepatitis, the most informative


c) Ultrasound of the abdominal organs

77. Preparing the patient for abdominal puncture


d) emptying the bladder

78. Complications of liver cirrhosis


d) all of the above

79. Essentiale, carsil, B vitamins are used to treat diseases


c) liver


80. After abdominal puncture, the patient’s stomach is left with a tight towel for prevention.


c) fainting


81. For the diagnosis of cirrhosis of the liver is carried out


d) puncture biopsy

82. Can prevent chronic liver disease


a) prevention of acute viral hepatitis

83. Main symptom of hypertensive-hyperkinetic type of biliary dyskinesia


a) sharp pain in the right hypochondrium

84. Main symptom of hypotonic-hypokinetic type of biliary dyskinesia


c) aching pain in the right hypochondrium

85. In case of hypertonic-hyperkinetic type of biliary dyskinesia,


d) antispasmodics

86. Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis provokes


d) eating fatty foods

87. Symptom of chronic cholecystitis


d) pain in the right hypochondrium

88. Clinical symptoms of chronic cholecystitis


b) pain in the right hypochondrium, bitterness in the mouth

89. For the treatment of chronic cholecystitis use


d) erythromycin, holosas

90. A patient with chronic non-calculous cholecystitis should be taught by a nurse


b) make a tyubazh

91. Indication for duodenal sounding


b) chronic cholecystitis

92. Preparing the patient for duodenal sounding

a) in the evening – a light dinner, in the morning – on an empty stomach

93. When preparing a patient for duodenal sounding, a cleansing enema


d) not set

94. During duodenal sounding, the nurse uses magnesium sulfate to obtain the contents


c) gallbladder

95. Portion “B”, obtained by duodenal sounding, is the content


c) gallbladder

96. In case of diseases of the biliary tract, a nurse prepares a patient for an examination.


b) duodenal sounding

97. Obstructive jaundice is a complication


c) gallstone disease

98. Preparing a patient for an ultrasound scan of the abdominal organs includes taking


a) activated charcoal

99. The main symptom of gallstone disease


d) pain in the right hypochondrium

100. Dependent nursing intervention for an attack of hepatic colic – an introduction


b) baralgin, no-shpy

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