n.ophthalmicus2)n.maxillaris

Issues of test control in the peripheral nervous system

cranial nerves

1. Name in Latin the sensory ganglion of the trigeminal nerve (1) and indicate its position (2). 1) Cavum trigeminale, 2) trigeminal depression of the pyramid of the temporal bone.

2. What is the sensory root of the trigeminal nerve formed by? 1. axons of sensory neurons

3. What do the axons of the trigeminal ganglion cells form? 1. sensitive spine

4. Name in Latin the nuclei of the trigeminal nerve, on which the axons of the cells of its node end. 1, 2, 3.nucleus 1)pontinus n. trigemini, 2)nucleus spinalis n. trigemini 3)nucleus mesencephalicus n. trigemini

5. What is the motor root of the trigeminal nerve formed by? 1. axons of cells of the motor nucleus

6. In what parts of the brain are the nuclei of the trigeminal nerve located? 1, 2, 3 . pons, midbrain, medulla oblongata.

7. Specify the exit point of the trigeminal nerve from the brainstem. 1 . anterior surface of the bridge on the border with the middle cerebellar peduncle

8. What do the dendrites of the cells of the trigeminal node form? 1. sensory fibers of the branches of the trigeminal nerve.

9. Name in Latin the main branches of the trigeminal nerve. 1, 2, 3.

N.ophthalmicus2)n.maxillaris3)n.mandibularis

10. Name in Latin the main sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve. 12.

n.ophthalmicus2)n.maxillaris

11. Name in Latin the I branch of the trigeminal nerve (1) and indicate the place of its exit from the cranial cavity (2). 1) n.ophthalmicus 2) superior orbital fissure (fissura orbitalis superior)

? 12. List the branches of the optic nerve. 1, 2, 3, 4. 1) frontal nerve 2) lacrimal nerve 3) nasociliary nerve 4)

13. Name the branch of the optic nerve that innervates the skin of the forehead, upper eyelid and medial corner of the eye. 1. frontal nerve

14. Name the branch of the optic nerve that innervates the eyeball. 1. nasociliary nerve

15. Name in Latin the second branch of the trigeminal nerve (1) and indicate the place of its exit from the cranial cavity (2). 1)n.maxillaris2)round hole

16. What nerve is a continuation of the maxillary nerve? 1. n.infraorbitalis (infraorbital)

17. Describe the course of the infraorbital nerve. 1. The maxillary nerve enters the pterygopalatine fossa, after which its direct continuation will be the infraorbital nerve, which goes through the lower orbital fissure into the groove and the infraorbital canal on the lower wall of the orbit and then exits through the infraorbital foramen to the face, where in the area of the canine fossa splits into branches

18. What branches of the maxillary nerve innervate the skin of the face? 1, 2. 1) zygomatic 2) infraorbital

19. Name in Latin the branches of the infraorbital nerve that form the superior dental plexus. 1.nn.alveolares superiores

20. Name in Latin the plexus formed by the superior alveolar nerves. 1. superior dental plexus

21. What branches of the maxillary nerve innervate the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity? 1. posterior nasal nerves (nodal nerves)

22. What branches of the maxillary nerve innervate the mucous membrane of the hard and soft palate? 1, 2. 1) nasopalatine nerve 2) palatine nerves

23. Name in Latin the III branch of the trigeminal nerve (1) and indicate the place of its exit from the cranial cavity (2).1) n.mandibularis, 2)foramen ovale

24. Name the muscle group of the head innervated by the mandibular nerve. 1. muscles attached to the lower jaw (chewing muscles)

25. List the extracranial branches of the mandibular nerve containing sensory fibers. 1. 2, 3, 4. buccal, lingual, inferior alveolar, ear-temporal nerve.

26. Name the branches of the mandibular nerve innervating the oral mucosa. 1, 2, 3 buccal nerve, lingual nerve, inferior alveolar nerve

27. Indicate the region of the tongue innervated by the lingual nerve (1) and name the type of sensitivity that its fibers conduct (2). 1) Anterior 2/3 of the mucous membrane of the back of the tongue, 2) general sensitivity.

28. Name the branch of the mandibular nerve that innervates the teeth and gums of the lower jaw. 1. inferior alveolar nerve.

29. Name the nerve plexus located in the alveolar part of the lower jaw. 1. lower dental plexus

30. Name the neck muscles innervated by the inferior alveolar nerve. 1, 2. anterior belly of the digastric muscle, maxillohyoid muscle

31. Name in Latin the main mixed branch of the trigeminal nerve. 1. n. mandibularis

32. In what part of the brain is the motor nucleus of the facial nerve located (1) and what group of muscles does it innervate (2)? 1) bridge, 2) mimic

33. Specify the exit point of the facial nerve from the brain stem. 1. between the middle cerebellar peduncle and the olive of the medulla oblongata

34. Through what foramen does the facial nerve leave the cranial cavity? 1. stylomastoid foramen

35. Name the organ in which the facial nerve forms a plexus. 1. parotid salivary gland

36. Specify the composition of the intermediate part (portion) of the facial nerve. 1, 2. Afferent fibers going to the solitary nucleus, and efferent fibers coming from the superior salivary nucleus.

37. Name the sensory ganglion of the facial (intermediate) nerve (1) and indicate the nucleus (2), where the central processes of the cells of this nucleus end. Knee knot, ?single core

38. Name the sensory (1) and parasympathetic (2) nuclei of the facial (intermediate) nerve. 1) Single, 2) upper salivary

39. What branches depart from the facial nerve in its canal? 1, 2, 3. greater stony nerve, stapedial nerve, string tympani

40. Name the branches of the facial (intermediate) nerve containing preganglionic parasympathetic fibers from the superior salivary nucleus. 1. drum string

41. What branch of the facial (intermediate) nerve passes through the pterygoid canal? 1. big rocky

42. Name the node where the large stony nerve ends. 1. pterygopalatine node

43. What do the postganglionic fibers of the pterygopalatine ganglion innervate? 1, 2, 3. mucous membranes of the nose and palate, lacrimal gland

44. Name the branch of the facial nerve that innervates the taste buds of the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. 1. drum string

45. What are the vegetative (1) and sensitive (2) portions of the drum string formed by? Axons of the superior salivary and solitary nuclei

46. Where do sensitive (1) and vegetative (2) fibers of the drum string end on the periphery? Sensitive to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue (with its taste buds), vegetative to the submandibular node

47. What do the dendrites of the cells of the knee node innervate? 1. anterior 2/3 of the tongue (with its taste buds)

48. What do the postganglionic fibers of the submandibular ganglion innervate? 1, 2. submandibular and sublingual salivary glands

49. How does the drum string come out of the skull? (1), where its sensitive (2) and vegetative (3) fibers end. Through the stony-tympanic fissure, anterior 2/3 of the tongue (with its taste buds), on the submandibular node

50. Name the sensory nodes of the glossopharyngeal nerve in Latin (1, 2) and indicate their location (3). 1) Ganglia superius et 2) inferius, 3) jugular foramen

51. Name the nucleus where the axons of cells of sensory nodes of the glossopharyngeal nerve end. 1 . single core

52. Name the sensory (1), motor (2) and autonomic (3) nuclei of the glossopharyngeal nerve. 1) Single, 2) double, 3) lower salivary,

53. Name in Latin the autonomic nucleus of the glossopharyngeal nerve (1) and the node (2) in which the fibers extending from this nucleus end. 1) Nucleus solivatorius inferior, 2) ear knot.

54. Specify the exit point of the glossopharyngeal nerve from the brainstem. 1. behind the olive of the medulla oblongata

55. Specify the exit point of the glossopharyngeal nerve from the cranial cavity. 1. jugular foramen

56. What is the name of the mixed branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve passing through the pyramid of the temporal bone? 1. tympanic nerve

57. What are the sensory (1) and vegetative (2) portions of the tympanic nerve formed by? axons of the lower salivary and solitary nuclei

58. What cranial nerve branch is the tympanic nerve (1) and what do its sensory fibers innervate (2, 3)? Glossopharyngeal, mucous membrane of the tympanic cavity and auditory tube

59. What is the name of the nerve ending on the cells of the ear node (1) and what do the postganglionic fibers of this node innervate (2)? small stony nerve, parotid gland.

60. List the sensory branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve. 1, 2, 3, 4. lingual, branch of the carotid sinus, pharyngeal, tonsils

61. Name the motor nucleus of the glossopharyngeal nerve (1); what do the fibers of this nucleus innervate, passing as part of the glossopharyngeal nerve (2)? Double core, stylo-pharyngeal muscle.

62. What muscle does the glossopharyngeal nerve innervate? 1. stylopharyngeal

63. Specify the region of the tongue innervated by the branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve (1); what fiber functions contain these branches? 1, 2. branches to the mucosa of the posterior third of the tongue, including taste fibers, sensitive

64. Name in Latin sensory nodes of the vagus nerve (1, 2) and indicate their location (3 ).ganglion superius et inferius, in the jugular foramen

65. Name the nucleus where the axons of cells of sensory nodes of the vagus nerve end. 1. single core

66. Name in Latin the autonomic nucleus of the vagus nerve (1); where do the axons of the cells of this nucleus end? 2. nucleus dorsalis nervi vagi, myocardium and vessel walls

67. Name in Latin the somatic-motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (1) and the organs innervated from this nucleus (2, 3, 4). Nucleus ambiguous, muscles of the pharynx, soft palate, larynx

? 68. What do the axons of cells of the dorsal nucleus of the vagus nerve innervate in organs? 12.

? 69. Specify the exit point of the vagus nerve from the brainstem 1.

70. Specify the exit point of the vagus nerve from the cranial cavity. 1. jugular foramen

71. Name the branches of the head part of the vagus nerve. 1, 2. meningeal, ear

? 72. Specify the position of the vagus nerve in the neck. one.

73. What branches depart from the cervical part of the vagus nerve? 1, 2, 3. pharyngeal branches, superior laryngeal nerve, superior and inferior cardiac cervical branches

74. Name the vessels (on the right – 1, on the left – 2), which the vagus nerve crosses in front, penetrating into the chest cavity. subclavian artery and aorta

? 75. On what organ of the chest cavity do the vagus nerves form a plexus? one.

76. What branches depart from the vagus nerve in the chest cavity? 1, 2, 3, 4. recurrent laryngeal, cardiac thoracic, bronchial and tracheal, esophageal

77. Name the branch of the vagus nerve that innervates the organs of the neck and chest cavity. 1. recurrent laryngeal

78. What do the vagus nerves form when they enter the abdominal cavity? 1, 2. anterior and posterior gastric plexus

?79. Where is the anterior vagus trunk located in the abdomen? one.

80. Where is the posterior vagus trunk located in the abdominal cavity? one.

81. To what level does the vagus nerve innervate the large intestine? 1. to the sigmoid colon

82. In which parts of the CNS are the nuclei of the accessory nerve located? 1. 2. in the medulla oblongata and spinal cord

83. Specify the exit point of the cerebral part (cranial roots) of the accessory nerve from the brainstem. one.

84. Specify the exit point of the accessory nerve from the cranial cavity. 1. jugular foramen

85. Name the neck muscles innervated by the accessory nerve. 1, 2. trapezoid and sternocleidomastoid

86. Where is the nucleus of the hypoglossal nerve located? 1. in the medulla oblongata in the region of trigonum n. hypoglossy

87. Specify the exit point of the hypoglossal nerve from the brain. 1. trigonum n. hypoglossy

88. Specify the exit point of the hypoglossal nerve from the cranial cavity. 1. sublingual canal

89. What muscles are innervated by the hypoglossal nerve? 1, 2, 3.

90. What nerve innervates the muscles of the tongue? 1.sublingual????

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