Lecture 3 Types of professional information activity of a person using technical means and information resources

Oral face-to-face interview:

1. How has information technology changed the nature of work? What is the automation of labor in modern production, in educational institutions, trade, banks, medicine, as well as in various fields of science and art?

2. In what areas are industrial robots, automated control systems, computer diagnostics used?

3. Why do information technologies make it possible to individualize the learning process and how do they help to realize the needs for self-education of people?

4. How is the way of life of a person in modern society changing? What is the concept of an electronic or “smart” home? What is the role of information technology in the growth of people’s communicative activity?

Society Information Resources

The information resources of society are resources accumulated in a form that allows their reproduction for society, a person.

These are resources that carry information: books, articles, dissertations, research and development documentation, various databases and knowledge bases, technical translations, museum collections, ancient manuscripts, archaeological finds, works of art, library collections and archives, cinema -, photo, audio materials, including audio books, and, of course, materials from newspapers, magazines, TV shows, radio programs, etc.

Information resources – individual documents and individual arrays of documents, documents and individual arrays of documents in information systems (libraries, archives, funds, data banks, other information systems) – a legal formula adopted in the Federal Law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection »

Unlike all other types of resources (labor, energy, minerals, etc.), information resources grow the faster the more they are spent. A distinctive feature and value of the bulk of information resources is their availability to ordinary users. Anyone can become a user of these resources.

Let’s take the most common example. Suppose a doctor prescribes a medicine to a patient. As we know, the right medicine can not always be found in the nearest pharmacy, and the “scatter” of prices for the same medicine is very significant. Let’s enter the search server on the Internet www.yandex.ru and form a query: “Availability of medicines in the pharmacies of Taganrog”.

As a result of the request, a list of sites with the information of interest to us will appear.

Having entered the selected site, in a special search box we will type the name of the medicine and, if desired, indicate the street closest to you. As a result of the execution, we will see a list of pharmacies where this medicine is available, its price in each pharmacy, and we will also find out if there is a home delivery service (Fig. 1. 1).

Modern information resources include those that are stored in electronic form. Mankind seeks to preserve its information resources in digital form, since then they can be used with the help of computers. All types of information resources, both in material and electronic form, can be called “long-term memory of mankind”.

In a variety of information resources, information educational resources occupy a significant place. These include educational books, dictionaries, encyclopedias, atlases, maps, various manuals, etc. However, in connection with the progress in the field of computer technology, new forms of presenting educational information have appeared. In bookstores, in addition to traditional educational products, computer software used in the educational process, a variety of educational materials on CDs containing training, monitoring and demonstration programs in almost all educational sections are widely represented; e-books, translation dictionaries, electronic encyclopedias, the volume of which is hundreds of times larger than a paper encyclopedia, various legal reference books (DB) on disks and on the Internet. These same resources on the Internet allow you to use the information from them online, i.e. direct access mode.

Educational collections of publicly available digital educational resources are being developed around the world. For the convenience of access to them in Russia, a portal (entrance) to all educational sites has been organized through a single window http://window.edu.r u on the state educational portal www.edu.ru (Fig. 1.2).

You can get acquainted with the composition of the Unified Collection of Digital Educational Resources for Schools in our country on the website http://school-collection.edu.ru/ (Fig. 1.3)

In recent years, a special place in information resources has been occupied by electronic books, the distinguishing feature of which is the use of hyperlink technology, which allows you to go directly to various fragments of the book in certain places of the electronic text (links).

For example, you are preparing a term paper or a thesis in literature and a text editor. A number of materials you have is located directly on the disk of your computer. For convenience, in the text of the course work, you can make a link to the literature or other material you cite. To sum up, you can execute the text editor command Insert, Hyperlink. In the window that opens, specify the name of the desired file containing the text of the book or article you are citing, or the name of the file with a picture, diagram, audio recording, video (Fig. 1.4). This file name as a link will remain in the text of the course work. Each time you need to refer to the material from this file, while holding down the CTRL key , click the left mouse button on the link and the desired document will open in your window – text, table, presentation, drawing, etc.

Electronic libraries in the system of information educational resources have become an integral part of life – these are not only files on a computer disk or materials on CDs, but also materials on library sites on the Internet.

But every time the search for such materials takes a lot of time, so it is very convenient to create a catalog file of an electronic library on a certain topic on your computer and work further through it, calling up a hyperlink to a site on the Internet.

To implement this in your term paper, we will make a list of links to the sites used in it. Let’s execute the Insert, Hyperlink command in a text editor and in the Address field enter the Internet address of the desired site or its specific section, for example, refer to the site of the Russian State Library. As a result, if, of course, your computer is connected to the Internet, the main page of the site or the page of the section you specified will appear on the screen (Fig. 1.5).

There are many different electronic libraries on the Internet. Catalogs of electronic libraries are built hierarchically, i.e. first sections, then subsections, and then specific links to articles or abstracts (for example, on the site “ICT in Education” htt p: //www.ict.edu.ru/lib/) .

I. Homework: §1.2 (textbook Kolmykova E.A., Kumskova I.A. – teach, complete the task: Using the Single Window website (http://wind ow.edu.ru ), make a list of links to resources www.fcior.edu.ru (NGO and SPO sections), which are directly related to training in your future profession.Use also a selection of career guidance sites (Table 1.1).

II. Consolidation of new material.

Answer the questions:

1. What refers to the information resources of society?

2. Brainstorming: give an example of professions related to the receipt and processing of information, suggest what technical means are used.

Practical task

1. Make a table of links to the websites of libraries in the region where you live using the Internet.

2. Select a collection of works by your favorite artist using the electronic exhibition on the website of the Tretyakov Gallery Museum ( http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/ ).

3. Translate the phrases online using the website of the computer translator Promt (http://www.promt.ru/).

4. Find the law on education using the portal of Russian education www.edu.r u.

The report on the work will be the created document in Word format. Save the document in your folder.

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