Internal and external factors affecting the management in the customs authorities.

The specifics and features of management activities in the customs authorities are determined by a strict system of interrelated and interdependent elements based on a common goal of functioning and a single legislation, united by a commonality of tasks, functions and methods.

First, the exercise of the powers of the body of the executive branch of state power to regulate foreign economic activity.

Secondly, management in the customs service is characterized by a high degree of centralization, which is the necessary basis for the activities of customs authorities.

Thirdly, the use of law enforcement functions in the confrontation with violators of customs rules.

Fourthly, the customs system is characterized by great dynamism of management processes under the influence of external and internal factors, constantly changing economic, political and social conditions.

Fifth, management activities within the system are combined with the improvement of work with participants in foreign economic activity.

In addition, the distinctive features of the customs service are emphasized by its attributes and symbols approved at the state level: coat of arms, flag, oath, uniform, special ranks, professional holiday.

The relationship of the system with the environment is embodied in the constant interaction of the customs authorities with the federal government authorities, government authorities of the constituent entities of the Federation, various associations and structures of participants in foreign economic activity.

The essence of management and its specificity in the customs authorities is determined by the conditions in which the management process takes place. Therefore, it is necessary to present the main factors influencing the management of the entire complex system of elements of the customs business.

The main factors influencing the management of the entire system of elements of the customs business are external and internal.

External factors of influence on the customs system are due to:

– impact from higher-level management systems (President, Federal Assembly, Prime Minister, head of the Federal Customs Service);

– remoteness from the center, physical and geographical conditions, transport and telecommunication systems;

– the state of the region’s economy (production, trade, directions and features of commodity flows, the number of participants in foreign economic activity, the degree of criminalization of the customs environment);

– interaction with the authorities of the subjects of the federation, other state bodies, including power and law enforcement, controlling structures.

In the external environment, there are various objective conditions and factors in which the activities of the customs authorities take place and which have a significant impact on this activity.

Important components of the external environment for the functioning of the customs authorities and objects of influence are foreign economic activity, state and economic security, as well as such negative social phenomena as corruption and crime in the field of customs. Through their activities, the customs authorities influence these objects of the external environment, achieving their desired state.

Provide examples of chains of relationships in the customs system for each managerial type of relationship (vertical, horizontal and diagonal)

Vertical management relations (FTS – RTU; RTU – customs; head of customs – customs departments; customs – customs post; FCS – customs).

Horizontal managerial relations (RTU – RTU; customs department – customs department; customs post – customs post; customs – customs). Horizontal relationships can be of two categories. Firstly, collegial – the relationship between employees of the same department, who are subordinate to one boss. Secondly – parallel – relations between employees of different departments occupying the same position in the organization, who need to exchange information, ideas and opinions (for example, such channels of horizontal parallel relationships as the customs department – customs department, customs post – customs post, customs – customs)

Diagonal managerial relations (post – interacting customs of departure or destination; customs – interacting RTU of another region; FCS department – interacting Office of the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation).

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