Handling test results

Determination of propensity to deviant behavior (A. N. Orel)

The proposed method for diagnosing the propensity to deviant behavior (SOP) is a standardized test questionnaire designed to measure the readiness (inclination) of adolescents to implement various forms of deviant behavior. The questionnaire is a set of specialized psychodiagnostic scales aimed at measuring readiness (inclination) to implement certain forms of deviant behavior.

Scales: propensity to overcome norms and rules, propensity to addictive (dependent) behavior, propensity to self-damaging and self-destructive behavior, propensity to aggression and violence, volitional control of emotional reactions, propensity to delinquent behavior

Age: teenage

The methodology involves taking into account and correcting the attitude to the socially desirable responses of the subjects.

The scales of the questionnaire are divided into content and service. Content scales are aimed at measuring the psychological content of a complex of interconnected forms of deviant behavior, that is, the social and personal attitudes behind these behavioral manifestations.

The service scale is intended to measure the subject’s predisposition to give socially approved information about himself, to assess the reliability of the results of the questionnaire as a whole, and also to correct the results on content scales depending on the severity of the subject’s attitude to socially desirable answers.

Instructions for the test

You have a number of statements before you. They concern some aspects of your life, your character, habits. Read the first statement and decide if this statement is true for you.

· If it is true, then on the answer sheet next to the number corresponding to the statement, in the box under the designation “yes”, put a cross or a checkmark.

· If it is incorrect, then put a cross or a tick in the box under the designation “no”.

· If you find it difficult to answer, then try to choose the answer that is still more in line with your opinion.

Then answer all items in the questionnaire in the same way. If you make a mistake, cross out the wrong answer and put the one you think is necessary. Remember that you are expressing your own opinion about yourself in the present moment. There can be no “bad” or “good”, “right” or “wrong” answers here. Do not think over the answers for a very long time, your first reaction to the content of the statements is important. Treat your work carefully and seriously. Carelessness, as well as the desire to “improve” or “worse” answers, lead to unreliable results. In case of difficulty, read these instructions again or contact the person who conducts the test. Do not make any notes in the text of the questionnaire.

test material

Male version

1. I prefer clothes in soft, muted colors.

2. It happens that I put off until tomorrow what I have to do today.

3. I would gladly sign up as a volunteer to participate in any military operations.

4. It happens that sometimes I quarrel with my parents.

5. The one who did not fight as a child grows up as a “sissy” and cannot achieve anything in life.

6. I would take a life-threatening job if it paid well.

7. Sometimes I feel so much anxiety that I just can’t sit still.

8. Sometimes it happens that I show off a little.

9. If I had to become a military man, I would like to be a fighter pilot.

10. I appreciate caution and prudence in people.

11. Only weak and cowardly people follow all the rules and laws.

12. I would prefer a job that involves change and travel.

13. I always tell only the truth.

14. If a person in moderation and without harmful consequences uses substances that stimulate and affect the psyche, this is quite normal.

15. Even if I get angry, I try not to use swear words.

16. I think that I would like to hunt lions.

17. If I was offended, then I must take revenge.

18. A person should have the right to drink as much as he wants.

19. If my friend is late for the appointed time, then I usually keep calm.

20. The requirement to do it by a certain date usually makes it difficult for me to work.

21. Sometimes I cross the tatam street where it is convenient for me, and not where it is supposed to.

22. Some rules and prohibitions can be discarded if you experience a strong sexual (sexual) attraction.

23. I sometimes disobey my parents.

24. If I have to choose between speed and safety when buying a car, then I will choose safety.

25. I think I would enjoy boxing.

26. If I could freely choose a profession, I would become a wine taster.

27. I often feel the need for thrills.

28. Sometimes I feel like hurting myself.

29. My attitude to life is well described by the proverb: “Measure seven times, cut once.”

30. I always buy tickets on public transport.

31. Among my acquaintances there are people who have tried intoxicating toxic substances.

32. I always keep promises, even if it is not profitable for me.

33. It happens that I just want to swear.

34. People who follow the proverb in life are right: “If you can’t, but really want to, then you can.”

35. It happened that I accidentally got into a fight after drinking alcohol.

36. I rarely manage to force myself to continue working after a series of offensive failures.

37. If in our time there were gladiator fights, then I would definitely take part in them.

38. It happens that sometimes I tell a lie.

39. To endure pain in spite of everyone can even be pleasant.

40. I’d rather agree with a person than argue.

41. If I had been born in ancient times, I would have become a noble robber.

42. If there is no other way out, then the dispute can be resolved by a fight.

43. There were times when my parents, other adults expressed concern about the fact that I drank a little.

44. Clothing should distinguish a person from others in a crowd at first sight.

45. If there is not a single decent fight in a movie, it is a bad movie.

46. When people strive for new unusual sensations and experiences, this is normal.

47. Sometimes I miss the lessons.

48. If someone accidentally touched me in the crowd, then I will definitely demand an apology from him.

49. If a person irritates me, then he is ready to tell him everything that I think about him.

50. When traveling and traveling, I like to deviate from the usual routes.

51. I would like the profession of a trainer of predatory animals.

52. If you already got behind the wheel of a motorcycle, then you should only go very fast.

53. When I read a detective story, I often want the criminal to get away from prosecution.

54. Sometimes I just can’t help laughing when I hear an indecent joke.

55. I try to avoid expressions in conversation that can confuse others.

56. I often get upset over little things.

57. When people object to me, I often explode and answer sharply.

58. I like to read about adventures more than about love stories.

59. To get pleasure, it is worth breaking some rules and prohibitions.

60. I like to be in companies where they drink in moderation and have fun.

61. It annoys me when girls smoke.

62. I like the state that comes when you drink in moderation and in good company.

63. It happened that I had a desire to drink, although I understood that now was not the time and place.

64. A cigarette calms me down in difficult times.

65. It is easy for me to make other people afraid of me, and sometimes I do it for fun.

66. I could, with my own hand, execute a criminal justly sentenced to capital punishment.

67. Pleasure is the main thing to strive for in life.

68. I would like to take part in car racing.

69. When I’m in a bad mood, it’s better not to approach me.

70. Sometimes I am in such a mood that I am ready to be the first to start a fight.

71. I can remember cases when I was so angry that I grabbed the first thing that came to hand and broke it.

72. I always demand that others respect my rights.

73. I would love to skydive.

74. The harmful effects of alcohol and tobacco on humans are greatly exaggerated.

75. I rarely fight back, even if someone hits me.

76. I don’t enjoy the feeling of risk.

77. When a person in the heat of an argument resorts to “strong” expressions, this is normal.

78. I often cannot contain my feelings.

79. It used to be that I was late for lessons.

80. I like companies where everyone makes fun of each other.

81. Sex should occupy one of the main places in the life of young people.

82. Often I can’t help arguing if someone doesn’t agree with me.

83. Sometimes it happened that I did not do my homework.

84. I often do things under the influence of a momentary mood.

85. It seems to me that I am not able to hit a person.

86. People are rightly indignant when they find out that the criminal has gone unpunished.

87. It happens that I have to hide some of my actions from adults.

88. Naive simpletons themselves deserve to be deceived.

89. Sometimes I get so annoyed that I bang on the table with my fist.

Women’s version

1. I strive to follow the most modern fashion in clothes or even get ahead of it.

2. Sometimes I put off until tomorrow what I have to do today.

3. If there was such an opportunity, then I would gladly go to serve in the army.

4. It happens that sometimes I quarrel with my parents.

5. To get her way, a girl can sometimes fight.

6. I would take a hazardous job if it paid well.

7. Sometimes I feel so much anxiety that I just can’t sit still.

8. I sometimes like to gossip.

9. I like professions that involve risk to my life.

10. I like it when my clothes and appearance annoy older people.

11. Only stupid and cowardly people follow all the rules and laws.

12. I would prefer a job that involves change and travel, even if it is life-threatening.

13. I always tell only the truth.

14. If a person in moderation and without harmful consequences uses substances that stimulate and affect the psyche, this is normal.

15. Even if I get angry, I try not to scold anyone.

16. I enjoy watching action movies.

17. If I was offended, then I must definitely take revenge.

18. A person should have the right to drink as much as he wants and where he wants.

19. If my girlfriend is late for the appointed time, then I usually keep calm.

20. I often find it difficult to get a job done by a specific deadline.

21. Sometimes I cross the street where it is convenient for me, and not where it is supposed to.

22. Some rules and prohibitions can be discarded if you really want something.

23. It happened that I did not obey my parents.

24. In a car, I value safety more than speed.

25. I think I would enjoy doing karate or a similar sport.

26. I would like the job of a waitress in a restaurant.

27. I often feel the need for thrills.

28. Sometimes I feel like hurting myself.

29. My attitude to life is well described by the proverb: “Measure seven times, cut once.”

30. I always pay for public transport.

31. Among my acquaintances there are people who have tried intoxicating toxic substances.

32. I always keep promises, even if it is not profitable for me.

33. It happens that I just want to swear.

34. People who follow the proverb in life are right: “If you can’t, but really want to, then you can.”

35. It happened that I accidentally got into an unpleasant story after drinking alcohol.

36. I often cannot force myself to continue any activity after an offensive failure.

37. Many prohibitions in the field of sex are old-fashioned and can be discarded.

38. It happens that sometimes I tell a lie.

39. To endure pain in spite of everyone can even be pleasant.

40. I’d rather agree with a person than argue.

41. If I had been born in ancient times, I would have become a noble robber.

42. It is necessary to achieve victory in a dispute at any cost.

43. There were times when my parents, other adults expressed concern that I drank a little.

44. Clothing should distinguish a person from others in a crowd at first sight.

45. If there is not a single decent fight in the film, it is a bad movie.

46. Sometimes I miss the lessons.

47. If someone accidentally hurt me in the crowd, then I will definitely demand an apology from him.

48. If a person irritates me, then I am ready to tell him everything that I think about him.

49. When traveling and traveling, I like to deviate from the usual routes.

50. I would like the profession of a trainer of predatory animals.

51. I like to feel the speed when driving fast on a car and motorcycle.

52. When I read a detective story, I often want the criminal to get away from prosecution.

53. It happens that I listen with interest to an indecent, but funny anecdote.

54. I like to sometimes embarrass and embarrass others.

55. I often get upset over little things.

56. When people object to me, I often explode and answer sharply.

57. I like to read about bloody crimes or about catastrophes.

58. To get pleasure, it is worth breaking some rules and prohibitions.

59. I like to be in companies where they drink in moderation and have fun.

60. I think it’s quite normal if a girl smokes.

61. I like the state that comes when you drink in moderation and in good company.

62. It happened that I had a desire to drink, although I understood that now was not the time and place.

63. A cigarette calms me down in difficult times.

64. Some people are afraid of me..

65. I would like to be present at the execution of a criminal justly sentenced to capital punishment ..

66. Pleasure is the main thing to strive for in life.

67. If I could, I would gladly take part in car races.

68. When I’m in a bad mood, it’s better not to approach me.

69. Sometimes I am in such a mood that I am ready to be the first to start a fight.

70. I can remember cases when I got so angry that I grabbed the first thing that came to hand and broke it.

71. I always demand that others respect my rights.

72. Out of curiosity, I would like to jump with a parachute.

73. The harmful effects of alcohol and tobacco on humans are greatly exaggerated.

74. Happy are those who die young.

75. I enjoy taking a little risk.

76. When a person in the heat of an argument resorts to swearing, this is permissible.

77. I often cannot contain my feelings.

78. It used to be that I was late for lessons.

79. I like companies where everyone makes fun of each other.

80. Sex should occupy one of the main places in the life of young people.

81. Often I can’t help arguing if someone disagrees with me.

82. Sometimes it happened that I did not do my school homework.

83. I often do things under the influence of a momentary mood.

84. There are times when I can hit a person.

85. People are rightly indignant when they find out that the criminal has gone unpunished.

86. It happens that I have to hide some of my actions from adults.

87. Naive simpletons themselves deserve to be deceived.

88. Sometimes I am so annoyed that I scream loudly.

89. Only unexpected circumstances and a sense of danger allow me to truly express myself.

90. I would try some intoxicating substance if I knew for sure that it would not harm my health and would not entail punishment.

91. When I stand on a bridge, sometimes I feel like jumping down.

92. Any dirt frightens me or causes strong disgust.

93. When I get angry, I want to loudly curse the culprit of my troubles.

94. I think that people should give up all use of alcoholic beverages.

95. I would love to ski down a steep slope.

96. Sometimes, if someone hurts me, it can even be pleasant.

97. I would love to do diving in the pool.

98. Sometimes I don’t want to live.

Key to the test

Male version

1. Scale of installation on socially desirable answers : 2 (no), 4 (no), 6 (no), 13 (yes), 21 (no), 23 (no), 30 (yes), 32 (yes), 33 (none), 38 (none), 47 (none), 54 (none), 79 (none), 83 (none), 87 (none).

2. Scale of propensity to overcome norms and rules : 1 (no), 10 (no), 11 (yes), 22 (yes), 34 (yes), 41 (yes), 44 (yes), 50 (yes), 53 (yes), 55 (no), 59 (yes), 61 (no), 80 (yes), 86 (no), 88 (yes), 91 (yes), 93 (no).

3. Scale of propensity to addictive behavior : 14 (yes), 18 (yes), 22 (yes), 26 (yes), 27 (yes), 31 (yes), 34 (yes), 35 (yes), 43 ( yes), 46 (yes), 59 (yes), 60 (yes), 62 (yes), 63 (yes), 64 (yes), 67 (yes), 74 (yes), 81 (yes), 91 ( yes), 95 (no).

4. Scale of tendency to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior : 3 (yes), 6 (yes), 9 (yes), 12 (yes), 16 (yes), 24 (no), 27 (yes), 28 (yes), 37 (yes), 39 (yes), 51 (yes), 52 (yes), 58 (yes), 68 (yes), 73 (yes), 76 (no), 90 (yes), 91 (yes), 92 (yes), 96 (yes), 98 (yes).

5. Scale of tendency to aggression and violence : 3 (yes), 5 (yes), 15 (no), 16 (yes), 17 (yes), 17 (yes), 25 (yes), 37 (yes), 40 (no), 42 (yes), 45 (yes), 48 (yes), 49 (yes), 51 (yes), 65 (yes), 66 (yes), 70 (yes), 71 (yes), 72 (yes), 75 (no), 77 (yes), 82 (no), 89 (yes), 94 (yes), 97 (yes).

6. Scale of volitional control of emotional reactions : 7 (yes), 19 (yes), 20 (yes), 29 (no), 36 (yes), 49 (yes), 56 (yes), 57 (yes), 69 ( yes), 70 (yes), 71 (yes), 78 (yes), 84 (yes), 89 (yes), 94 (yes).

7. Scale of propensity to delinquent behavior : 18 (yes), 26 (yes), 31 (yes), 34 (yes), 35 (yes), 42 (yes), 43 (yes), 44 (yes), 48 ( yes), 52 (yes), 55 (no), 61 (no), 62 (yes), 63 (yes), 64 (yes), 67 (yes), 74 (yes), 86 (no), 91 ( yes), 94 (yes).

Women’s version

1. Scale of setting for socially desirable responses: 2 (no), 4 (no), 8 (no), 13 (yes), 21 (no), 30 (yes), 32 (yes), 33 (no), 38 (none), 54 (none), 79 (none), 83 (none), 87 (none).

2. Scale of propensity to overcome norms and rules: 1 (yes), 10 (no), 11 (yes), 22 (yes), 34 (yes), 41 (yes), 44 (yes), 50 (yes), 53 (yes), 55 (yes), 59 (yes), 61 (yes), 80 (yes), 86 (no), 91 (yes), 93 (no).

3. Scale of tendency to addictive behavior: 14 (yes), 18 (yes), 22 (yes), 26 (yes), 27 (yes), 31 (yes), 34 (yes), 35 (yes), 43 ( yes), 59 (yes), 60 (yes), 62 (yes), 63 (yes), 64 (yes), 67 (yes), 74 (yes), 81 (yes), 91 (yes), 95 ( No).

4. Scale of tendency to self-injurious and self-destructive behavior: 3 (yes), 6 (yes), 9 (yes), 12 (yes), 24 (no), 27 (yes), 28 (yes), 39 (yes), 51 (yes), 52 (yes), 58 (yes), 68 (yes), 73 (yes), 75 (yes), 76 (yes), 90 (yes), 91 (yes), 92 (yes), 96 (yes), 98 (yes), 99 (yes).

5. Scale of tendency to aggression and violence: 3 (yes), 5 (yes), 15 (no), 16 (yes), 17 (yes), 25 (yes), 40 (no), 42 (yes), 45 (yes), 48 (yes), 49 (yes), 51 (yes), 65 (yes), 66 (yes), 71 (yes), 77 (yes), 82 (yes), 85 (yes), 89 (yes), 94 (yes), 101 (yes), 102 (yes), 103 (yes), 104 (yes).

6. Scale of volitional control of emotional reactions: 7 (yes), 19 (yes), 20 (yes), 29 (no), 36 (yes), 49 (yes), 56 (yes), 57 (yes), 69 ( yes), 70 (yes), 71 (yes), 78 (yes), 84 (yes), 89 (yes), 94 (yes).

7. Scale of propensity to delinquent behavior: 1 (yes), 3 (yes), 7 (yes), 11 (yes), 25 (yes), 28 (yes), 31 (yes), 35 (yes), 43 ( yes), 48 (yes), 53 (yes), 58 (yes), 61 (yes), 63 (yes), 64 (yes), 66 (yes), 79 (yes), 93 (no), 98 ( yes), 99 (yes), 102 (yes).

8. Scale for accepting a female social role: 3 (no), 5 (no), 9 (no), 16 (no), 18 (no), 25 (no), 41 (no), 45 (no), 51 ( no), 58 (no), 61 (no), 68 (no), 73 (no), 85 (no), 93 (yes), 95 (yes), 96 (no), 105 (yes), 106 ( no), 107 (yes).

Handling test results

Each answer according to the key is assigned 1 point. Further, for each scale, the total score is calculated, which is compared with the test norms. If the individual results of the subject deviate from the average total score on the scale by more than 1S , the measured psychological characteristic can be considered pronounced . If the individual total score of the researcher is less than the average by 1S , then the measured property is assessed as poorly expressed . In addition, if it is known that the subject belongs to the “delinquent” population, then it is advisable to compare his individual results with the test norms that are calculated for the “delinquent” subsample.

Test norms of the SOP methodology

Scales “Normal” sample “Delicent” sampling
M S M S
2.27 2.06 2.49 2.13
7.73 2.88 10.27 2.42
9.23 4.59 15.97 3.04
10.36 3.41 10.98 2.76
12.47 4.23 14.64 3.94
8.04 3.29 9.37 3.01
7.17 4.05 14.38 3.22

The second option for processing test results

One point is assigned to each answer in accordance with the key. Then, for each scale, the primary total score is calculated, which is then adjusted, if necessary, due to the effect of the special desirability factor in accordance with the procedure described above. The raw scores are then converted to standard T-scores. In the event that the user has specialized test norms scored by him, then the conversion to standard T-scores is made according to the formula:

T=10 * (Xi – M) / (S + 50) , where

Xi – primary (“raw”) score on the scale;

· M – the average value of the primary total score on the scale in the sample of standardization;

· S is the standard deviation of the primary scores in the standardization sample.

Options for correction factors depending on the values of the “raw” score on the scale No. 1

Male version of the technique

If the primary score on scale No. 1 is less than or equal to 6 points for ” ordinary ” subjects, then the correction factor is:

For scale No. 2 = 0.3

For scale No. 3 = 0.3

For scale No. 4 = 0.2

For scale No. 5 = 0.2

For scale No. 6 = 0.3

For scale No. 7 = 0.2

If the primary score on scale No. 1 is less than or equal to 6 points for “ delinquent ” subjects, then the correction factor is:

For scale No. 2 = 0.3

For scale No. 3 = 0.5

For scale No. 4 = 0.3

For scale No. 5 = 0.2

For scale No. 6 = 0.3

For scale No. 7 = 0.5

In the event that the primary score on scale No. 1 is more than 6 points for both “ ordinary ” and “ delinquent ” subjects, then the correction factor is:

For scale No. 2 = 0.7

For scale No. 3 = 0.6

For scale No. 4 = 0.4

For scale No. 5 = 0.5

For scale No. 6 = 0.3

For scale No. 7 = 0.5

Female version of the technique

If the subjects belong to a subsample of ” ordinary ” subjects, then the correction factor is

For scale No. 2 = 0.4

For scale No. 3 = 0.4

For scale No. 4 = 0.2

For scale No. 5 = 0.3

For scale No. 6 = 0.5

For scale No. 7 = 0.4

If the subjects obviously belong to the subsample of ” delinquent ” subjects, then the correction factor is:

For scale No. 2 = 0.4

For scale No. 3 = 0.4

For scale No. 4 = 0.3

For scale No. 5 = 0.4

For scale No. 6 = 0.5

For scale No. 7 = 0.5

Table of norms when translating “raw” points into T-points

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