**STATISTICS OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY.**

Labor productivity (PT) is the ability of an employee to work, this is the effectiveness of his work, i.e. labor efficiency.

There are 2 main type of PT:

individual – this is the productivity of living labor of one worker

public – this is the average PT per 1 employee

a) in the sphere of mater. pr-va

b) at the level of n / x as a whole, i.e. at the macro level.

PT levels – direct and reverse and their relationship.

A direct indicator of the level of PT is the number of products produced per unit of time worked:

Q (q) – production volume

T – total costs slave. time

V – average output per unit of time (labor productivity)

t – labor intensity of 1 product.

V = Q (TP; RP; ND; GDP)

T (man-hour,

h-d, average

number of PPPs).

Depending on the units in which we know the time we have worked, we can calculate the trace. types of PT:

average hour – shows how many products were produced on average in 1 hour worked. It is obtained by dividing the volume of manufactured products in physical or value terms by the actual fund of hours worked in man-hours

average daily – shows how many products were produced on average in 1 day worked

if the average payroll number of PPP for a month, quarter, year is known, then if we divide the volume of manufactured products for these periods by the average headcount of the PPP of these periods, then we will calculate: the average monthly PT, the average quarterly PT and the average annual PT per 1 worker.

Depending on the expression in which the volume of manufactured products or the volume of production at the micro level – enterprises and industries – is known, it is possible to calculate all of the above types of PT in physical, cost and labor terms.

At the macro level:

in the field of mater. pr-va public PT is calculated by dividing the ND by the number of employees employed in the field of mater. pr-va. Find out the size of the ND per 1 employee in the field of mater. pr-va

at the level of n / x (in the field of material and non-material production).

It is calculated by dividing the GDP by the number of employees employed in the n/s. Get the average GDP per 1 worker in n / x.

The inverse indicator of the level of PT – shows the average cost of a slave. the time required to produce a unit of output is the labor intensity of one product. This value is the reciprocal of the direct indicator of the level of PT:

Tt = 1 = T

VQ

The less time spent on the production of a unit of output, the more products will be produced, i.e. there will be an increase in PT.

These 2 indicators are inversely related. The lower the labor intensity of one product, the higher the productivity and vice versa.

**GROWTH OF PRODUCTION DUE TO GROWTH OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY.**

The change in the volume of production is simultaneously influenced by a number of factors, which are divided into:

extensive – quantitative factors

intensive – qualitative growth factors characterizing the degree of use of quantitative factors.

EXTENSIVE | INTENSE |

Number of employees | Labor productivity |

Art. funds | return on assets |

St. mater. resources | Material consumption |

Cap. expenses | capital intensity |

It is always impossible to achieve an increase in the volume of production by increasing quantitative factors; by intensifying pr-va.

There are trace. data:

INDICATORS | SYMBOL | ||

Volume of production, thousand rubles | Q | ||

Number of employees, people | T | ||

Average output per employee (labor productivity), thousand rubles for 1 person | V |

the total change in the volume of production was:

Q u003d Q (1) – Q (0) u003d 1495 – 1000 u003d 495 thousand rubles.

calculate the size of the increase in production due to the growth of labor productivity

Q (V) u003d (V1 – Vo) x T u003d (13 -10) x 115 u003d 345 thousand rubles.

calculate the size of the growth in output due to changes in the number of employees

Q(T) u003d (T1 – T0) x V0 u003d (115 – 100) x 10 u003d 150 thousand rubles.

2.+3. – total 495 thousand rubles.

Growth share:

by increasing labor productivity

% growth due to the growth of labor pr. = (345 / 495) x 100 = 69.7% Total 100%.

% increase due to the growth of the number of workers = (150 / 495) x 100 = 30.3%

Due to the better use of labor, the growth of its productivity, an increase in production by 69.7%. Due to the increase in the number of employees, an increase of 30.3% was obtained. It should be noted that the best results of the production were mainly achieved due to the intensification of the production, through a more efficient use of the labor of workers.

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