GROWTH OF PRODUCTION DUE TO GROWTH OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY.

STATISTICS OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY.

Labor productivity (PT) is the ability of an employee to work, this is the effectiveness of his work, i.e. labor efficiency.

There are 2 main type of PT:

individual – this is the productivity of living labor of one worker

public – this is the average PT per 1 employee

a) in the sphere of mater. pr-va

b) at the level of n / x as a whole, i.e. at the macro level.

PT levels – direct and reverse and their relationship.

A direct indicator of the level of PT is the number of products produced per unit of time worked:

Q (q) – production volume

T – total costs slave. time

V – average output per unit of time (labor productivity)

t – labor intensity of 1 product.

V = Q (TP; RP; ND; GDP)

T (man-hour,

h-d, average

number of PPPs).

Depending on the units in which we know the time we have worked, we can calculate the trace. types of PT:

average hour – shows how many products were produced on average in 1 hour worked. It is obtained by dividing the volume of manufactured products in physical or value terms by the actual fund of hours worked in man-hours

average daily – shows how many products were produced on average in 1 day worked

if the average payroll number of PPP for a month, quarter, year is known, then if we divide the volume of manufactured products for these periods by the average headcount of the PPP of these periods, then we will calculate: the average monthly PT, the average quarterly PT and the average annual PT per 1 worker.

Depending on the expression in which the volume of manufactured products or the volume of production at the micro level – enterprises and industries – is known, it is possible to calculate all of the above types of PT in physical, cost and labor terms.

At the macro level:

in the field of mater. pr-va public PT is calculated by dividing the ND by the number of employees employed in the field of mater. pr-va. Find out the size of the ND per 1 employee in the field of mater. pr-va

at the level of n / x (in the field of material and non-material production).

It is calculated by dividing the GDP by the number of employees employed in the n/s. Get the average GDP per 1 worker in n / x.

The inverse indicator of the level of PT – shows the average cost of a slave. the time required to produce a unit of output is the labor intensity of one product. This value is the reciprocal of the direct indicator of the level of PT:

Tt = 1 = T

VQ

The less time spent on the production of a unit of output, the more products will be produced, i.e. there will be an increase in PT.

These 2 indicators are inversely related. The lower the labor intensity of one product, the higher the productivity and vice versa.

GROWTH OF PRODUCTION DUE TO GROWTH OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY.

The change in the volume of production is simultaneously influenced by a number of factors, which are divided into:

extensive – quantitative factors

intensive – qualitative growth factors characterizing the degree of use of quantitative factors.

EXTENSIVE INTENSE
Number of employees Labor productivity
Art. funds return on assets
St. mater. resources Material consumption
Cap. expenses capital intensity

It is always impossible to achieve an increase in the volume of production by increasing quantitative factors; by intensifying pr-va.

There are trace. data:

INDICATORS SYMBOL
Volume of production, thousand rubles Q
Number of employees, people T
Average output per employee (labor productivity), thousand rubles for 1 person V

the total change in the volume of production was:

Q u003d Q (1) – Q (0) u003d 1495 – 1000 u003d 495 thousand rubles.

calculate the size of the increase in production due to the growth of labor productivity

Q (V) u003d (V1 – Vo) x T u003d (13 -10) x 115 u003d 345 thousand rubles.

calculate the size of the growth in output due to changes in the number of employees

Q(T) u003d (T1 – T0) x V0 u003d (115 – 100) x 10 u003d 150 thousand rubles.

2.+3. – total 495 thousand rubles.

Growth share:

by increasing labor productivity

% growth due to the growth of labor pr. = (345 / 495) x 100 = 69.7% Total 100%.

% increase due to the growth of the number of workers = (150 / 495) x 100 = 30.3%

Due to the better use of labor, the growth of its productivity, an increase in production by 69.7%. Due to the increase in the number of employees, an increase of 30.3% was obtained. It should be noted that the best results of the production were mainly achieved due to the intensification of the production, through a more efficient use of the labor of workers.

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