The characterological features of children’s leisure are fundamental for determining its functions.
The creative self-fulfillment of the personality of a teenager – the actualization of genetically programmed inclinations, as well as the realization of the abilities formed in the process of social activity – proceeds in the best possible way during leisure time, the essence of which is free creative activity.
Children’s leisure is a kind of “non-intervention zone”, so necessary for self-examination, evaluation of one’s own “I”.
Leisure for teenagers is an area in which, acting in new roles, different from family and school, they especially sharply and fully reveal their natural needs for freedom and independence, vigorous activity and self-expression.
Thus, children’s leisure is characterized by a self-fulfilling function.
Creative activity is the “generic essence of man”, realizing which “he transforms the world” (K. Marx). Creative processes in all their strength are found in children’s play, in recognizing the world around them, in the appropriation by children of a wide variety of social roles. Moreover, most of these processes are carried out in leisure time. Through the mechanism of emotional perception and experience, adolescents assimilate the elements of creative activity as actively as possible. Which are fixed in their minds and behavior and leave an imprint for the rest of their lives. Therefore, children’s leisure is characterized by a creative function .
Leisure is a zone of active communication that satisfies the needs of adolescents in contacts. Such forms of leisure as an amateur association of interests, mass holidays are a favorable area for understanding oneself, one’s qualities, advantages and disadvantages in comparison with other people. Such forms of leisure as independent associations of interests, game programs, mass holidays and others are a favorable area for understanding oneself, one’s qualities, advantages and disadvantages in comparison with other people. Children evaluate themselves, focusing on socially accepted criteria and standards, because self-consciousness is social in its content, in its essence, and is impossible outside the process of communication. It is in the conditions of leisure that communities are formed that give children, adolescents and youth the opportunity to perform in a wide variety of social roles. Thus, one more function of children’s leisure can be identified – communicative.
In the sphere of leisure, children, adolescents, young men (girls) are more open to the influence and impact on them of a variety of social institutions, which allows them to influence their moral character and worldview with maximum efficiency. In the process of collective leisure pastime, a sense of camaraderie is strengthened, the degree of consolidation increases, labor activity is stimulated, a life position is developed, and norms of behavior in society are taught.
A distinctive feature of children’s leisure is its theatricalization. Artistic images, acting through the emotional sphere, make him experience, suffer and rejoice, their impact is often much sharper than life’s collisions. In other words, children’s leisure is favorable for the formation of lofty ideals and the development of a system of value preferences.
Leisure time of the younger generation has a huge impact on the cognitive activity of children, adolescents and youth. In leisure, there is a recognition of the new in the most diverse fields of knowledge: the artistic horizons are expanding; the process of technical creativity is comprehended; there is an acquaintance with the history of sports and so on; finally, the armament of leisure activities is carried out. This means that children’s leisure has an educational function .
One of the important tasks of children’s leisure is to help in choosing a profession. From the first period of childhood to adolescence, the question of choosing a profession becomes more and more urgent. From the trivial: “Who to be?” in childhood, until the painful search for one’s place in life in adolescence, the issue of choosing a profession worries all age groups of the younger generation. Most children find the answer to this important question in the field of leisure. During their leisure time, children read books, watch movies, plays and TV shows, where they discover the world of professions. And having outlined a professional path for themselves, mainly at their leisure, they acquire knowledge and develop abilities, skills specific to a particular type of activity. And, finally, leisure institutions purposefully carry out career guidance activities, that is, children’s leisure involves the implementation of a career guidance function.
The life activity of modern children, adolescents and youth is extremely saturated and relatively strictly regulated, and therefore requires a large expenditure of physical, mental and intellectual forces. Against this background, children’s leisure, which is carried out mainly on the basis of play activities, helps to relieve the created tension. It is within the framework of leisure time that the restoration and reproduction of lost forces takes place, that is, the recreational function is realized.
Moreover, the inherent human desire for pleasure is also mainly realized in the field of leisure. Children, adolescents and young men enjoy a wide variety of leisure activities: playing and winning in it; learning new things and the opportunity to create an aircraft model on this basis. In other words, children’s leisure has a hedonistic function.
Thus, the leisure activities of children, adolescents and youth, diverse in form, content and emotional richness, evoke a wide resonance in their souls, in the circle of friends and acquaintances, in the class and family, thus giving rise to communication given by the leisure event on the subject of what they heard, saw, committed. . As a result, activities are carried out that the child himself would not have performed without stimulus from outside. That is, children’s leisure involves a procreative function.