For children 4-5 years old (middle group)

Natural environment. Ecological education.

Benefit: S.N. Nikolaeva Young ecologist, for working with children 4-5 years old.

O. V. Dybina Classes on familiarization with the outside world in the middle group of kindergarten.

O.A. Solomennikova Ecological education in kindergarten. Middle group. M .: MOSAIC-SYNTHESIS, 2016.

M Subject. Program content
September “Ground transport” Learn to name the types of ground transport, its components, compare objects, describe transport. Clarify the idea of the work of the driver. Give an idea about traffic rules. Cognition of the objective world in the middle group No. 1, p.106
“All works are good” Continue to introduce the professions of employees of the kindergarten. To form systemic knowledge of children about the work of adults, their labor processes. Show the importance of professional activities of adults for children. To instill in children respect for the work of adults and a careful attitude to its results. Dybina O.V. “Classes on familiarization with the outside world in the middle group of kindergarten” No. 10, p. 24
October “Gifts of Autumn” To consolidate knowledge about vegetables, fruits and mushrooms (appearance, taste). Continue learning to identify vegetables by touch. Fix the names of vegetables. Clarify the understanding of the health benefits of vegetables and fruits. Solomennikova O.A. “Introduction to nature. The system of work in the middle group of the kindergarten”, p.8
“Forest (mushrooms, wild berries)” Expand and enrich children’s knowledge about “mushrooms”, “berries”, their habitat, purpose, time of collection. Clarify and expand children’s ideas about mushrooms and wild berries, their distinctive features. To form an idea of u200bu200bchildren about the place where mushrooms and wild berries grow. Expand and clarify the vocabulary on the topic (search, mushrooms, berries, porcini mushroom, fly agaric, chanterelle, leg, hat, raspberry, basket, search, poisonous, about, nearby). Activate the speech activity of children. Develop coherent speech: learn to answer the teacher’s questions; make common sentences on reference pictures. Cultivate respect for nature.
“Autumn get-togethers”. (Conversation about pets) ”To consolidate children’s knowledge about seasonal changes in nature. Expand your understanding of the life of pets in the winter season. To form a desire to take care of pets. “Classes on the formation of elementary ecological ideas” in the middle group of kindergarten, O. A. Solomennikova, p. 18
“Who lives in the forest?” Animals of the middle zone To give an idea of the wild animals of our forests: appearance, habits, food, methods of movement. To form an interest in the environment, animals. Solomennikov №6, p.40
“Animals of hot countries” To consolidate knowledge about the animals of hot countries. Fix the names of the baby animals. Nikolaeva S.N. “Young ecologist. The system of work in the middle group of the kindergarten. ”, p. 85
November “Kindness rules the world” To deepen children’s understanding of kindness as a valuable, inalienable quality of a person, ideas about the importance and need to ask for forgiveness, experiencing an internal need for it; improve communication skills (the ability to listen to a friend, sincerely express one’s opinion, show kindness to the judgments of other children, cultural communication skills with friends, following speech etiquette, encourage understanding of universal human values and understanding one’s own inner position;
“Toys” To introduce and summarize the knowledge of children about toys. Enrich children’s knowledge about the variety of toys, teach research activities. Develop sensory organs in the process of examining nesting dolls; promote the development of gaming interaction. Cultivate respect for toys. Expand children’s knowledge about the world around them, form subject representations, enrich children’s visual representations, develop children’s speech, attention, thinking, memory.
“My family” To consolidate knowledge about the next of kin, about the duties of the child at home. Summarize ideas about the family: the family is everyone who lives with the child. Cultivate a sense of love and caring attitude towards family members. Dybina O.V. “Classes on familiarization with the outside world in the middle group of kindergarten”, p.9
“Traditions and life of the Russian people” The study of the life of the Russian people, the development of interest in the past, in the origins and customs of the Russian family. to introduce children to the hut – the dwelling of a peasant family, with objects of ancient Russian life (oven, spinning wheel, dishes, yoke, etc.). enrich the vocabulary of children with folk proverbs, sayings, riddles, new words (grab, cast iron, spinning wheel, etc.). to cultivate a careful attitude to antiques, folk games and traditions, customs of hospitality, to develop interest in Russian folklore.
December “Hello, guest Winter!” Systematize children’s ideas about winter. Expand and consolidate children’s ideas about the characteristic signs of winter, improve the grammatical structure of speech (coordination of nouns with adjectives in gender, number and case) Clarify and expand the vocabulary on the topic. Activate the speech activity of children. To cultivate a caring attitude towards nature, the ability to understand the educational task and fulfill it.
“Clothes and shoes” To expand children’s knowledge about the names of items of clothing, shoes; to form the ability to compare, group, classify; expand knowledge of seasonal concepts: winter, autumn, spring, summer, men’s, women’s, children’s. Pin titles
“City of Masters” To continue the formation of children’s ideas about Dymkovo toys. Development of memory, attention, observation; To form in children an idea of u200bu200ba folk toy. Continue to acquaint with folk crafts. Give the concept of the Bogorodsk toy, its types, manufacturing technology. To awaken children to search activity, to reasoning. To form interest and desire to make a toy according to the Bogorodsk type; The development of coherent speech of preschool children, the enrichment of the children’s vocabulary – children must learn the concepts: Bogorodsk toy; Education of curiosity, diligence.
“Animals of the Arctic and Antarctic” To develop in children a cognitive interest in the life of animals in cold countries. To form in children an idea of u200bu200bthe animals of the North (reindeer, polar bear, walrus fur seal), their appearance, lifestyle and habits. To develop a cognitive interest in the life of animals of the north; Develop visual attention, speech of children, enrich their vocabulary. To educate an emotional and careful attitude towards animals, love for native nature; Cultivate curiosity.
“New Year at the Gates” Develop children’s observation and curiosity, continue to acquaint them with natural phenomena. To cultivate responsiveness, kindness, aesthetic attitude to nature, to its individual phenomena. Develop attention, thinking, memory, speech. Know and name the signs of winter.
January “Winter. Winter fun »Summarizing and clarifying children’s knowledge about winter and winter fun. Activation and expansion of the dictionary due to words-actions, words-signs. Development of linguistic flair through the formation of related words. The development of coherent speech (drawing up proposals on the topic of the lesson
“Feathered friends” Summarize ideas about birds (wintering, migratory). To consolidate knowledge about poultry and their cubs. Reinforce the use of bird names in speech. Solomennikova O.A. “Introduction to nature. The system of work in the middle group of the kindergarten”, p.27
“Dining and kitchen utensils” Clarify the names and purpose of dining and kitchen utensils, form the ability to distinguish and name its parts; to form knowledge to form nouns with a diminutive meaning, to coordinate nouns with numerals. Learn to name the items of tea utensils by comparing them. Cultivate respect for objects made by people. To consolidate knowledge of the general concept of dishes. Cognition of the objective world for educators of the preschool educational institution, middle group No. 1, p. 70
February “Journey to the underwater world” To give an initial idea of the underwater world, some of its inhabitants and their features. To form children’s ideas about the inhabitants of the underwater world. Enrich and activate the vocabulary of children with nouns: octopus, shark, dolphin, fin, suckers; adjectives: predatory, slippery, long; verbs: swim, hunt. develop an aesthetic perception of the world, the ability to see the beautiful. develop cognitive activity, cultivate curiosity, a desire to learn about the world around. to form communicative relations between children.
“Household appliances” Clarify knowledge about various types of household appliances, appliances in the surrounding life; to acquaint with objects that facilitate the work of a person in everyday life; draw the attention of children to the fact that things serve a person, and he should take care of them. To focus the attention of children on the fact that it was a person who created the technique, he improves and transforms it; develop the ability of children to answer questions, guess riddles. Cultivate respect for working people.
“Our army” To give an idea about the soldiers who protect our Motherland; clarify the concept of “defenders of the Fatherland”. To introduce some military professions (sailors, tankers, pilots, border guards). Raise pride in our soldiers, the desire to be just like them. Dybina O.V. “Classes on familiarization with the outside world in the middle group of kindergarten” No. 12, p. 27
“Furniture” · consolidation of children’s ideas about the qualities, properties, purpose of furniture · to learn to understand the generalizing word “furniture”; expand and activate the vocabulary on the topic; develop auditory and visual attention; cultivate respect for household items.
March “March 8 – Mother’s Day” To expand children’s ideas about the spring holiday – March 8, to acquaint children with the history of the holiday – March 8; cultivate respect for all women; speech development.
“I will grow up healthy” To form an idea of a healthy lifestyle among preschoolers; develop thinking, imagination, memory, coherent speech; to form knowledge that you need to protect your health and take care of it; expand knowledge about nutrition and its importance; continue to instill cultural and hygienic skills.
“Spring in the forest” To acquaint with the features of forest life in the spring (it gets warmer, the snow melts, a lot of water is formed that is absorbed into the ground, buds begin to swell, grass appears). To form realistic ideas about the life of forest animals; all animals breed, birds build nests. Nikolaeva S.N. “Young ecologist. The system of work in the middle group of kindergarten. with. 110
“Spring. Migratory birds” To consolidate children’s ideas about migratory birds. Clarify and expand the idea of u200bu200bthe life of birds and plants in the spring (migratory birds return to their native lands, build nests, hatch chicks;); Develop dialogical speech, the ability to answer questions with a full sentence; learn to describe birds; Develop motor memory during physical pauses, coordinate movements with speech. To cultivate feelings of kindness and love for wildlife, respectful and careful attitude towards it, the world around us.
April “Day of Laughter” “Circus. Theater» Development of interest in educational entertainment, interest in the circus art form, expansion of the emotional and sensory experience of children. Systematization of children’s knowledge about the circus (circus professions, animals working in the circus) Creating an atmosphere of emotional comfort and creative self-expression, the desire to participate in the preparation of various types of entertainment.
“Conversation about books” Education of the reader, awakening interest in reading fiction, expanding children’s knowledge of the book; develop the ability to feel compassion and empathy for the characters in the book; to consolidate the idea of the work of a writer, artist; introduce children’s writers: K.I. Chukovsky, S.V. Mikhalkov, S.Ya. Marshak, V.V. Bianchi, A.L. Barto; educate respect for the book.
“How many stars are in the sky.” Expand your understanding of the starry sky; form the concept of constellations; develop creative thinking and imagination.
“Reptiles” Give an idea about the frog, lizard, turtle: appearance, mode of movement, habits. Encourage not to be afraid of animals, but not to touch them unnecessarily. Nikolaeva S.N. “Young ecologist. The system of work in the middle group of the kindergarten. ”, p. 83
“Journey to a fairy tale” Consolidation of children’s knowledge of Russian folk tales. Learn to recognize a fairy tale by riddles, objects; Improve the ability to coordinate adjectives with nouns in gender; Fix the name of Russian folk tales. To develop the speech and cognitive activity of children, the ability to generalize, draw conclusions and conclusions; Develop thinking, imagination, visual memory, observation. Raise interest in Russian folk tales;
May “Victory Day” Introduce the Victory Day. To instill feelings of patriotism, pride in people who gave their lives for world peace. Gerbova V.V. “Classes on the development of speech in the middle group of kindergarten”, No. 1, p. 68
“Flowers grew in a meadow meadow” to expand children’s ideas about the characteristic signs of spring; to fix the idea of u200bu200bflowers (stalk, leaves, bud); to acquaint with the plant world; develop the ability to observe, analyze, compare, draw conclusions, cultivate a respect for nature;
“Trees, shrubs”. To acquaint with the changes in plant life at different times of the year (ripening of fruits and seeds, withering of flowers and herbs, changing the color of leaves of trees and shrubs, fixing the names of parts of a tree, forming nouns with a diminutive suffix, cultivate love and respect for nature.
“Visiting the mistress of the meadow” Expand children’s ideas about the diversity of insects. To consolidate knowledge about the structure of insects. Build respect for the environment. Learn to solve riddles about insects. Solomennikov №14, p.57

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