First aid for bleeding from the nose and ears

Nose bleed

Nosebleeds can sometimes be significant and require emergency care. The causes of nosebleeds are varied. Bleeding occurs as a result of local changes (trauma, scratching, ulcers of the nasal septum, with severe blowing of the nose, skull fractures), and in various diseases: blood diseases, heart defects, infectious diseases (scarlet fever, influenza, etc.), hypertension . With nosebleeds, blood flows not only outside, through the nasal openings, but also into the pharynx and into the oral cavity. This causes coughing and often vomiting. The patient becomes restless, which increases bleeding.

The caregiver must first of all eliminate all causes that increase bleeding. It is necessary to reassure the patient, to convince him that sudden movements, coughing, talking, blowing his nose, stress increase bleeding.

The patient should be seated, given a position in which there is less opportunity for blood to enter the nasopharynx, put on the area of the nose and bridge of the nose an ice pack, a ball of snow wrapped in a scarf, a scarf moistened with cold water, a bandage, a ball of cotton, etc. In addition to local effects, an adequate supply of fresh air must be ensured; if bleeding occurs from overheating, transfer the patient to the shade, apply cold compresses to the head, chest.

If the bleeding does not stop, you can try to stop it by firmly pressing both halves of the nose against the nasal septum. At the same time, the patient’s head is tilted slightly forward and possibly higher, the nose is squeezed with force. The patient should breathe through the mouth. It is necessary to squeeze the nose for 3-5 minutes or more. The patient should spit out the blood that got into the mouth.

Instead of pressing, you can tamponade the nasal passages with a dry or dampened (3%) solution of hydrogen peroxide with a cotton swab. Cotton swabs are introduced into the nasal passages, the patient’s head is tilted forward. Usually carrying out these actions allows to stop bleeding; otherwise, the patient must be immediately taken to the hospital.

Bleeding from the ears

The occurrence of ear bleeding is caused by damage to the blood capillaries in the mucous membranes of the organ of hearing or the skin in the external auditory canal. The danger of otorrhagia lies in the possibility of penetration of bloody secretions into the middle ear, which is fraught with inflammatory processes and suppuration. Untimely stop bleeding can lead to serious blood loss, lowering pressure and anemia.

First of all, the victim must be given first aid, and then seek help from a specialist.

The appearance of an alarming symptom may be due to the development of infectious ENT diseases, mechanical tissue damage, or the formation of benign and malignant tumors that require urgent medical or surgical treatment.

To prevent complications, you need to determine what was the impetus for the appearance of ear bleeding.

In most cases, ear bleeding is caused by damage to the external parts of the auditory analyzer. With the timely use of antiseptic and hemostatic agents, complications occur extremely rarely. But if the eardrum is damaged, the risk of developing an infectious disease increases by 4-5 times, which is due to the “depressurization” of the middle ear and the vulnerability of the mucous membrane of the tympanic cavity, into which pathogens can penetrate.

First aid

First aid is required only if the bleeding is profuse and does not stop on its own. Otorrhagia may be due to damage to the eardrum, traumatic brain injury, or tissue damage in the external auditory canal.

If the external ear is injured, bleeding can be stopped as follows:

* soak a piece of sterile cotton wool in hydrogen peroxide; gently clean the ear canal from dirt;

* dilute boric alcohol with water in a ratio of 1:2;

* soak a gauze swab in the solution and insert into the ear;

* Apply a loose bandage of sterile bandages to the auricle.

You can not insert the turunda too deep into the ear – this can lead to damage to the soft tissues in the bone section of the auditory canal. If during the injury the patient felt severe and sharp pain, this may indicate a perforation of the membrane. To confirm or refute the suspicions, it is advisable to undergo an examination by an otolaryngologist.

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.