Finance Tests – 1 milestone

1. Signs that characterize finance as an economic category:

Relations arising at the stage of consumption of a social product

+Money relations

+ Relations regulated by the state

Commodity relations

+ Distribution (redistribution) relations

Credit relations

2. Material carriers of financial relations are:

All cash

+Financial resources

Gross domestic product

national income

3. The author of the distributive concept of the essence of finance:

A.M. Alexandrov

YES. Allahverdyan

A.M. Birman

E.A. Voznesensky

+V.P. Dyachenko

4. The authors of the redistributive concept of the essence of finance:

+A.M. Alexandrov

YES. Allahverdyan

A.M. Birman

+E.A. Voznesensky

V.P. Dyachenko

5. Spheres of the country’s financial system:

State and municipal finance

+Centralized finance

+Decentralized finance

Finances of economic entities

6. The finances of an insurance company relate to:

State and municipal finance

+Finance of economic entities

7. The budget system refers to:

+ State and municipal finance

Finance of economic entities

8. Finances of enterprises and organizations refer to:

State and municipal finance

+Finance of economic entities

9. The Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation refers to:

+ State and municipal finance

Finance of economic entities

10. The totality of purposeful measures of the state in the field of the use of finance is:

+Financial policy

financial mechanism

Financial sanctions

11. Components of the financial mechanism, if duplication is avoided:

Financial mechanism of economic entities

Financial mechanism of commercial enterprises

+ Budget mechanism

Financial mechanism of individual entrepreneurship

+ Tax mechanism

12. State financial management bodies in the Russian Federation:

+Financial authorities at the level of the subject of the Russian Federation

+Ministry of Finance in the Russian Federation

+Territorial authorities Federal Treasuries of the Russian Federation

Credit authorities

Municipal financial authorities

13. Financial plans of economic entities:

Federal budget

+ Estimated income and expenses of a budgetary institution

+ Balance of income and expenses of an industrial enterprise

RSO-A budget

+Insurance company financial plan

14. Sources of financial resources of an open JSC can be:

+Funds received from the issue and placement of JSC bonds

Budget resources

+Bank loans

+ Accrued but not paid wages

+ Profit from the sale of goods and services

15. Public finance in the Russian Federation includes:

+Federal budget

+State non-budgetary funds

Local budgets

+ Budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation

16. The objects of redistribution through the budget are:

+GDP value

net income

+National income

Depreciation deductions

Surplus working capital

17.Theoretical foundations of the doctrine of finance are:

+ Doctrine of reproduction

Supply and demand

+ Doctrine of the state

18. The origin of financial science, most researchers refer to:

13th-14th centuries

+15th-16th centuries

17-18 centuries

19. The subject of financial spiders are:

Taxes and tax system

+Financial relations

The state budget

20. The objects of study of finance are:

+Revenues and expenditures of the state

+ Income and expenses of business entities

Tax and customs payments

21. The term “finance” in French means:

+ Cash, income

cash payment

Consumption

22. The imperative nature of finance means that:

Finance mediates the formation and use of cash funds

+ Financial relations are characterized by state-imperious nature

Finances are part of money relations

23. The monetary nature of finance means that:

Finance mediates the reallocation of resources

Financial relations are inherent in the state-imperious nature

+Finance is part of monetary relations

24. The redistributive nature of finance means that:

+Finance mediates the redistribution of GDP and ND

Financial relations are inherent in the state-imperious nature

Finances are part of money relations

25. The St. Petersburg School identifies the following functions of finance:

distribution

+ formation of cash funds

+ control

+ use of cash funds

regulatory

stimulating

26. The Moscow school distinguishes the following functions of finance:

+ distribution

formation of cash funds

+ control

use of funds

+ regulatory

+ stimulating

27. Secondary (derivative) income includes:

The wages of workers employed in the sphere of material production

Income of enterprises of material production

+ Incomes of the state, as well as budgetary organizations

28. Primary (basic) income includes:

+ Wages of workers employed in the field of material production

+ Incomes of enterprises of material production

taxes

29. The instruments of state financial regulation are:

+Government spending

+Taxes

+State loan

Extrabudgetary funds

30. Sources of centralized financial resources are:

+Taxes

+Receipts from state social insurance

Depreciation deductions

Enterprise profit

31. Sources of decentralized financial resources are:

taxes

Receipts from state social insurance

+Depreciation deductions

+Profit of enterprises

32. The own financial resources of enterprises include:

+Profit

+ Stable passives

Credits

Sale of own securities

33. The borrowed and attracted financial resources of enterprises include:

Profit

Sustainable Liabilities

+Credits

+Sale of own securities

Finance is

Monetary relations associated with the distribution of insurance funds

Monetary relations regarding the formation of the country’s budget fund

+ Monetary relations regarding the formation and use of state funds of funds

35. Primary income is income:

+ Formed during the distribution of national income among the participants in material production

Formed in the process of redistribution of national income

36. Secondary income is income:

Formed during the distribution of national income among participants in material production

+ Formed in the process of redistribution of national income

37. Financial relations are:

A broader concept than monetary relations

+Part of monetary relations

38. Decentralized finance functions:

At the state level

+At the level of business entities

39. Centralized finances function:

+ At the state level

At the level of business entities

40. What links of financial relations are centralized:

+State budget system

insurance funds

Enterprise Finance

+State loan

41. The budget system of modern Russia is:

2-tier

+3-level

4-tier

42. Financial policy is:

Policy in the field of off-budget funds

Policy in the field of public credit

+ A set of state measures to use financial relations to fulfill the state’s functions

43. Financial policy:

+ Is an integral part of the economic policy of the state

Includes the economic policy of the state

44. The classical financial policy of the ball is based on the works of:

+ Classics of political economy A. Smith and D. Riccardo and their followers

English economist J. Keynes and his followers

45. Short-term state credit includes:

+Loans with a maturity of up to 1 year

Loans with a maturity of 1 to 5 years

Loans with maturities over 5 years

46. The main component of municipal finance:

Budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation

Funds of business entities

+Municipal budgets

47. By the time of the financial control is divided into:

Presidential, executive control, audit

+Preliminary, current, subsequent

Budget, tax, currency

48. If financial control is carried out at the time of monetary transactions and financial transactions, then this is:

Preliminary financial control

+Current (operational) financial control

Subsequent financial control

49. The main direction of the regulatory financial policy:

Non-intervention of the state in the economy, preservation of free competition, use of the market mechanism as the main regulator of economic processes

+ The need for state intervention and regulation of the cyclical development of production

Ensuring the maximum concentration of financial resources from the state for their subsequent redistribution in accordance with the main directions of the state plan

50. Normative method of financial planning:

Assumes the performance of financial calculations based on the determination of the relevant coefficients

+ Calculates financial indicators based on progressive norms and standards for the formation and use of financial resources

Allows you to balance the sources of financial resources with material and labor resources

51. VAT, excises, customs duties refer to:

+Federal taxes

Regional taxes

Local taxes

52. Land tax, tax on property of individuals refer to:

federal taxes

Regional taxes

+Local taxes

53. Property tax of organizations, transport tax relate to:

federal taxes

+Regional taxes

Local taxes

54. Direct taxes:

+Established directly on the income or property of the taxpayer

Included as a surcharge in the price or tariff for services and paid by the consumer

55. Indirect taxes:

Installed directly on the income or property of the taxpayer

+Included as a surcharge in the price or tariff for services and paid by the consumer

56. If the tax is levied as a certain percentage of income, regardless of the amount of these incomes, then this is:

progressive tax

+Proportional tax

regressive tax

57. If the tax rate increases with an increase in taxable income, then this is:

+Progressive tax

Proportional tax

regressive tax

58. If the tax rate decreases with an increase in taxable income, then this is:

progressive tax

Proportional tax

+Regressive tax

59. Local taxes include:

Corporate income tax

Personal Income Tax

+Land tax

Corporate property tax

Transport tax

+ Personal property tax

60. Federal taxes include:

+Corporate income tax

+ Personal income tax

Land tax

Corporate property tax

Transport tax

Personal property tax

61. Regional taxes include:

Corporate income tax

Personal Income Tax

Land tax

+ Corporate property tax

+Transport tax

Personal property tax

62. The corporate income tax rate is:

+20%

34%

thirty%

35%

63. The maximum tax rate for corporate property tax is set at:

+2%

ten%

fifteen%

64. The base VAT rate currently in the Russian Federation is:

fifteen%

sixteen%

17%

+18%

nineteen%

65. The personal income tax rate is:

ten%

eleven%

12%

+13%

fourteen%

fifteen%

66. Modern representatives of the Moscow School of Finance are:

Romanovsky M.V., Sabanti B.M., Vrublevskaya O.V., Bocharov V.V. and etc

+ Rodionova V.M., Pavlova L.P., Drobozina L.A., Markina E.V. and etc.

67. Modern representatives of the St. Petersburg School of Finance are:

+Romanovsky M.V., Sabanti B.M., Vrublevskaya O.V., Bocharov V.V. and etc

Rodionova V.M., Pavlova L.P., Drobozina L.A., Markina E.V. and etc.

68. What links of financial relations are decentralized:

State budget system

+Insurance funds

+Corporate Finance

State loan

69. The regulatory financial policy of the ball is based on the works of:

Classics of political economy A. Smith and D. Riccardo and their followers

+ English economist J. Keynes and his followers

70. The main direction of classical financial policy:

+ Non-intervention of the state in the economy, preservation of free competition, use of the market mechanism as the main regulator of economic processes

The need for state intervention and regulation of the cyclical development of production

Ensuring the maximum concentration of financial resources from the state for their subsequent redistribution in accordance with the main directions of the state plan

71. The impact of finance on price can be identified through:

+taxation

state loan

+ prior distribution

public consumption

personal consumption

72. The amount of primary income is equal to:

gross domestic product

+ national income

gross national product

national wealth

73. At what stage of social reproduction do finances show their purpose:

at the production stage

at the stage of exchange

+ at the distribution stage

at the stage of consumption

74. What monetary funds are state:

accumulation funds

consumption funds

+ budget funds

investment funds

+ off-budget funds

75. What monetary funds are formed at enterprises:

+ savings funds

+ consumption funds

budget funds

investment funds

off-budget funds

76. The optimal level of tax withdrawals to the state budget, according to Laffer, should not exceed:

25-30% of taxpayers’ income

+30-35% taxpayer income

35-40% of taxpayers’ income

77. Accumulation funds are intended for:

reduce production costs

repayment of bank loans and interest on them

+ implementation of expanded reproduction

social benefits to employees

payment of taxes to the state budget

78. Consumption funds are intended for:

reduce production costs

repayment of bank loans and interest on them

implementation of expanded reproduction

+social payments to employees

payment of taxes to the state budget

79. Cash paid at enterprises in the form of material incentives are called:

statutory fund

accumulation fund

reserve fund

sinking fund

+ consumption fund

80. Funds intended to finance expanded reproduction are called:

statutory fund

+ accumulation fund

reserve fund

sinking fund

consumption fund

81. Personal consumption is:

public administration and defense spending

+ salaries, pensions, allowances, scholarships

expenditures on the national economy

expenses for social and cultural events

82.Public consumption is:

+ spending on public administration and defense

salaries, pensions, allowances, scholarships

+ expenses for social and cultural events

83.Taxes paid out of national income are:

indirect

proportional

+ straight

84. Accrued, but not paid on time, wages of employees are:

+ sustainable liabilities

budget resources

government spending

85. The relationship between finance and credit is manifested in:

bank loan

+ government loan

mortgage loan

investment loan

86. Expanded reproduction means:

+ growth in output

reduction in production costs

tax base optimization

attracting foreign investment

87. National income:

includes the value of gross domestic product

is part of the gross domestic product

88.Gross domestic product:

includes the value of national income

+ is part of the national income

89. According to the role in social reproduction, all budget expenditures are divided into:

+ On the development of material production and non-production sphere

Depending on the functions performed by the state

For specific types of costs

For industry, construction, agriculture, trade

90. On a functional basis, all budget expenditures are divided into:

For the development of material production and the non-productive sphere

+Depending on the functions performed by the state

For specific types of costs

For industry, construction, agriculture, trade

91. According to the sectoral purpose, all budget expenditures are subdivided:

For the development of material production and the non-productive sphere

Depending on the functions performed by the state

For specific types of costs

+ For industry, construction, agriculture, trade, etc.

92. The sequence of stages of the reproduction process means:

Production – distribution – exchange – consumption

Distribution – exchange – consumption – production

+ Production – exchange – distribution – consumption

Production – distribution – consumption – exchange

93. “Finance” and “Financial resources” are identical concepts:

Yes

+no

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