FACTS SPHERE OF PUBLIC LIFE

A) discussion of the election program of a candidate for parliamentary deputies

B) farming 1) political

C) passing a law by parliament

D) trading on the commodity exchange 2) economic

D) the election of the head of state

53. The hostess cooks stewed chicken for dinner for her family. The subject of this activity is

1) mistress 2) dinner 3) chicken 4) family

54. To what sphere of public life does the organization and holding of regular elections of the head of state belong?

1) economic 2) social 3) political 4) spiritual

55. Are the following judgments about personality correct?

A. Personality carries certain values, qualities that society recognizes as important, significant.

B. The formation of personality is manifested in the physiological changes that occur in the human body.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

56. Inna invited friends to her birthday party. She went to the grocery store with her mother, baked a cake with her grandmother. So that the guests do not get bored, she came up with contests and games. What is the purpose of Inna’s activity?

1) invite friends 2) purchase the necessary products

3) bake a cake 4) make the holiday interesting

57. An example of the direct influence of nature on society is

1) deforestation for the construction of residential buildings 2) soil restoration after the liquidation of the waste dump

3) destruction of the coastal recreation area by a powerful typhoon 4) organization of a nature reserve

58. Which of the following terms are used primarily when describing the spiritual sphere of society?

1) art, science 2) authority, prestige 3) tribes, nationalities 4) family, ethnicity

59. Which of the following applies to the spiritual sphere of society?

1) goods and services 2) elections, parties

3) social stratification, mobility 4) artistic creativity, scientific hypothesis

60. Are the following judgments about interpersonal conflicts correct?

A. In order to resolve interpersonal conflict, it is important to understand the position of the other side.

B. The most effective ways to resolve any interpersonal conflicts include adaptation to the opinion of the enemy, a complete rejection of one’s interests.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

61. Are the following judgments about interpersonal relationships correct?

A. Interpersonal relationships can be based on feelings of mutual liking or dislike.

B. Interpersonal relationships can be manifested in the actions of people in the process of joint activities.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

62. Which of the following examples illustrates interpersonal communication?

1) A journalist asked a question to the head of state at a press conference.

2) Teachers listen to the report of the Minister of Education.

3) Friends met after a quarrel, found out its causes and reconciled.

4) Representatives of trade unions are discussing the organization of the rally.

63. Are the following judgments about the interaction of society and nature correct?

A. Modern society has felt the danger of global changes in nature.

B. Scientific and technological progress has led to irreversible environmental changes.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

64. Are the following judgments about human activity correct?

A. Human activity is determined both by reason and by feelings and emotions.

B. Human activity always has a productive, creative character.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

65. The needs of a person related to his biological essence include the need for

1) self-realization 2) gaining knowledge 3) procreation 4) labor activity

66. Which of the following terms are used to describe the economic sphere of society?

1) estates, classes 2) federation, confederation 3) law, law 4) costs, profit

67. What example illustrates the influence of natural factors on the life of society?

1) flooding of houses in the village by the river 2) soil pollution with industrial waste

3) deforestation for the construction of houses 4) the study of geography by schoolchildren

68. Marina offered Lena her help in preparing for the exam, but was forced to go to her sick grandmother. Lena was offended and did not answer Marina’s phone calls. After Marina returned, the girls calmly sorted out the situation, and the conflict was settled. What kind of conflict resolution does this example illustrate?

1) cooperation 2) confrontation 3) avoiding a conflict situation 4) concession

69. The physical education teacher at school thinks that Peter has good physical abilities for gymnastics. However, the young man does not want to play sports. What is the concept?

1) about talent 2) about authority 3) about inclinations 4) about vocation

70. Are the following judgments about interpersonal conflicts correct?

A. the cause of conflicts between people is often the lack of ability to listen to another person

B. Interpersonal conflict can only be resolved with the participation of a third party

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

71. Are the following judgments about human activity correct?

A. In the process of activity, a person changes the world around him and himself.

B. Human activity is predominantly instinctive.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

72. To what sphere of life of society does the activity of enterprises for the production of goods and the provision of services belong?

1) economic 2) political 3) social 4) spiritual

73. Which of the following judgments characterizes a person as a person?

1) Lena has blond hair and blue eyes. 2) Sergey gets tired quickly during his morning run.

3) Volodya strives to be the first in all matters. 4) Valya has a beautiful voice.

74. Are the following judgments about the relationship between society and nature correct?

A. Modern society is able to fully control natural processes and regulate the power of natural disasters.

B. The lack of natural goods encourages society to develop exchanges between different regions of the planet.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

75. The concept of “personality” is used primarily to characterize

1) human activity 2) the unique originality of a person

3) a set of socially significant qualities of a person 4) a person as a single representative

human race

76. Which of the following terms are used primarily when describing the political sphere of society?

1) social stratification, mobility 2) republic, federation

3) science, education 4) costs, profit

77. Read the given text, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) Nature is a source of means for a person to live. (B) Human economic activity has led to the pollution of nature, the disappearance of many species of animals and plants. (C) Man should treat nature more carefully in order to ensure the survival of future generations.

Determine which provisions of the text 1) reflect facts 2) express opinions

78. The action “Learning Democracy” was organized in the center of children’s creativity. The participants held “elections” to municipal authorities, developed and presented candidates’ programs, and organized their public defense. This example illustrates the activity

1) gaming 2) labor 3) production 4) inventive

79. Which of the examples illustrates the influence of nature on society?

1) adoption of a new constitution of the country 2) agricultural specialization of individual regions

3) drawing up a code of laws of the state 4) granting privileges to certain estates

80. Volodya studies well, helps his parents around the house, shows responsibility and independence in his actions. He is engaged in an aircraft modeling circle and at a music school in the guitar class. Enriching his social experience, Volodya becomes

1) individual 2) personality 3) student 4) son

81. Pupils spent a self-government day at school. One of the high school students was a “principal”, others were “head teachers, teachers”. What activity does this example illustrate?

1) gaming 2) artistic 3) industrial 4) scientific

82. Which of the following illustrates society’s efforts to address global environmental problems?

1) closure of unprofitable enterprises 2) introduction of a proportional taxation scale

3) installation of a new generation of wastewater treatment plants at power plants

4) development of telecommunications, mobile telephony market

83. Are the following judgments about the interaction of society and nature correct?

A. Nature influences society, creating favorable or unfavorable conditions for its functioning and development.

B. The economic activity of society has led to changes in the natural environment.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

84. Scientists use the concept of “society” to characterize

1) natural habitat 2) the whole world around

3) the results of human activities 4) all of humanity

85. A person, unlike an animal, can

1) act together with their own kind 2) be aware of the purpose of their actions

3) train offspring 4) maintain normal heat exchange

86. What is the main goal of cognitive activity?

1) communicating with other people 2) providing a service

3) creation of a qualitatively new product 4) obtaining new information about the world around

87. Anatoly works at a factory. He is a good father and friend. His hobby is football: he regularly attends football matches. All this characterizes Anatoly, first of all, as

1) individual 2) personality 3) athlete 4) family man

88. Are the following judgments about the interaction of society and nature correct?

A. Natural conditions determine the economy and life of people.

B. The impact of society on the natural environment is contradictory.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

89. Marina and Andrei learned that Galya invited all her classmates to a picnic, except for them. Andrei did not begin to find out the reasons for this act, he simply stopped talking to Galya. Marina asked another girl from the class to find out from Gali why she did this. What way of behavior in an interpersonal conflict illustrates Andrey’s behavior?

1) avoiding a conflict situation 2) concession 3) mediation 4) confrontation

90. Are the following judgments about interpersonal conflicts correct?

A. Interpersonal conflicts can be viewed as a clash of interests of individuals in the process of their relationship.

B. Interpersonal conflicts can arise both between people who meet for the first time and between constantly communicating people.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

91. Read the given text, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) A person who constantly quarrels with others probably has unstable views. (B) Experience shows that interpersonal and social conflicts can destroy the team, cause harm to society and the state. (B) It seems that people need to be more attentive to the interests and dignity of other people, to restrain their egoism.

Determine which provisions of the text 1) reflect facts 2) express opinions

92. Which of the following illustrates the global socio-economic problems of the modern world?

1) humanization and humanitarization of the education system

2) increase in life expectancy of the population

3) the threat of using weapons of mass destruction

4) hunger and poverty of the majority of the population of developing countries

93. The process of transferring and exchanging information, thoughts, feelings is called

1) knowledge 2) communication 3) creativity 4) labor

94. Anna found out that Irina invited all her classmates to a picnic, except for her. She did not begin to find out the reasons for this act, she simply stopped talking to Irina. What kind of behavior in interpersonal conflict does this example illustrate?

1) mediation 2) cooperation 3) avoiding a conflict situation 4) concession

95. R. teaches at the university. He is a sociable person who loves to travel. All this characterizes R. primarily as

1) personality 2) individual 3) man 4) teacher

96. Read the given text, each position of which is marked with a letter.

(A) In our opinion, it is quite obvious: the more independent a teenager is, the more similar he is to an adult. (B) Research shows that some teenagers view independence as a disobedient, striving to do things their own way. (B) Most likely, this is not true, since independence implies the responsibility of a person for his actions.

Determine which provisions of the text 1) reflect facts 2) express opinions

97. V. is a tall, slender girl with brown hair. These qualities characterize her, first of all, as

1) individual 2) family member 3) personality 4) citizen

98. The totality of socially significant properties, traits of a person that he realizes in public life is denoted by the concept

1) personality 2) talent 3) individual 4) creator

99. Are the following judgments about the development of society correct?

A. The lack of natural resources has an impact on the nature of the development of society.

B. The development of society is largely determined by the creative potential of people.

1) only A is true 2) only B is true 3) both judgments are correct 4) both judgments are wrong

100. Which of the following terms are used primarily when describing the social sphere of society?

1) education, democracy 2) monarchy, republic

3) class, stratum 4) capital, production

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