Factors that threaten the life and health of the child

1) The parent uses physical violence against the child, or other cruel punishments;

2) Lack of food / drink, prolonged hunger;

3) Leaving a child unattended, creating a threat to the child (be sure to take into account the age of the child);

4) Emotional deprivation, mental abuse and / or neglect of the needs of the child;

5) Child exploitation;

6) Sexual abuse of a child;

7) Lack of necessary basic child care (especially for children under three years of age);

8) Lack of necessary medical care for the child, which can lead to serious health consequences;

9) Inaction / non-intervention of parents in the event of a threat or presence of abuse from third parties;

10) Emergency, uninhabitable housing that poses an immediate threat;

11) In the presence of a dangerous infection, ignoring sanitary and hygienic standards and rules of safe behavior (there is a risk of infection of the child);

12) The presence of indirect signs of child abuse (physical, mental, sexual abuse, and / or neglect of needs);

13) Previously, there were facts of child abuse in the family;

14) The behavior of the parent is inadequate and poses a threat to the child (including due to alcohol / drug intoxication);

15) Other (specify what).

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1) The parent uses physical violence against the child, or other cruel punishments. In the commentary, you can indicate the location of the injury (head, chest, abdomen, buttocks, thighs, etc.), its type (traces of deep burns, teeth marks, bruises and abrasions from fists, injuries from the use of dangerous objects when punishing), the number injuries. Trauma to the brain or internal organs can lead to death or permanent disability. Belt tracks

2) Lack of food / drink, prolonged hunger. Lack of food in the house that is appropriate for the age of the child and his needs. Physical underdevelopment or exhaustion of the child may indicate regular malnutrition, which must be confirmed by an appropriate medical report. The severity of harm to health is established by a forensic medical examination. Art. 111 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Art. 112 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and Art. 115 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Intentional infliction of severe, moderate and slight bodily harm; Art. 156 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Failure to fulfill the obligations of raising a minor.

3) Leaving a child unattended, creating a threat to the child (be sure to take into account the age of the child). Leaving a child of infancy and younger preschool age unattended can be fatal due to their helplessness. Many injuries, accidents, poisonings of children aged 0 to 14 occur due to a lack of attention to their safety on the part of parents or other close people. Art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Leaving in danger; Art. 156 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Failure to fulfill the obligations of raising a minor.

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4) Emotional deprivation, mental abuse and / or neglect of the needs of the child. For normal development, a child needs to receive enough emotional warmth, tenderness and affection from those who raise him. The following forms of mental (emotional) violence are distinguished: Ignoring: depriving the child of the necessary emotional stimulation and empathy, neglecting his need to be closer to his parents, receiving support from them, lack of affection, love and care from parents or persons replacing them. Rejection: making excessive demands, constant criticism, public humiliation, highlighting shortcomings, etc. Threats, terrorizing: threatening to abuse a child or someone they love, including threats of beatings, murders, as well as name-calling, insults, humiliation . Isolation: limiting contacts with peers, relatives, significant people for him, limiting leaving the house. Corruption: incitement to theft, begging, prostitution, involvement in the use of drugs, alcohol, encouragement of self-destructive behavior. Art. 119 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Threat to kill or cause serious bodily harm; Art. 110 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Bringing to suicide; Art. 130 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Insult; Art. 150 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Involvement of a minor in the commission of a crime; Art. 151 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Involving a minor in the commission of antisocial acts.

5) Exploitation of the child. Involving a child in committing crimes and antisocial acts: theft, prostitution, begging, etc.; the use of the child and the results of his work for the purpose of personal enrichment or commercial gain (including excessive economic activity). Art. 150 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Involvement of a minor in the commission of a crime; Art. 151 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Involving a minor in the commission of antisocial acts; Art. 240 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Involvement in prostitution; Art. 242.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Production and circulation of materials or objects with pornographic images of minors.

6) Child sexual abuse. Sexual abuse of a child is a criminal offense, the responsibility for which is provided for by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Identification of sexual violence can be difficult, so it is important to consider all the signs in a complex: physical indicators of sexual violence, psychological consequences, emotional disorders, cognitive disorders, behavioral disorders, violations of interpersonal relationships. How traumatized a child will be depends on age, degree of awareness of sexual relations, characteristics of his nervous system, as well as on the situation of violence itself (use of force, deceit, threats, severity of physical injuries, duration of violence, on what kind of relationship the child had with rapist). Teenagers experience the most severe sexual abuse. Art. 131 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Rape, art. 132 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Violent acts of a sexual nature, art. 133 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Compulsion to act of a sexual nature, art. 134 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Sexual intercourse or other acts of a sexual nature with a person under the age of 16, art. 135 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Indecent acts.

7) Lack of necessary basic child care (especially for children under three years of age). Basic care includes providing for the basic physical needs of the child, providing appropriate medical care, including dentistry, etc. This includes the provision of food, water, warmth, shelter, necessary clothing, and maintaining adequate personal hygiene. For infants and young children, this parameter is especially important, and it includes, among other things, the necessary physical care of the infant. The most frequent consequences of the lack of the necessary basic care is the delay in the development of the child – physical, mental, speech, i.e., the loss of the ability to develop. However, it is necessary to make sure with the help of doctors that the child does not have organic reasons for developmental delay. Art. 69 RF IC – Deprivation of parental rights, art. 73 RF IC – Restriction of parents in their rights; Art. 156 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Failure to fulfill the obligations of raising a minor.

8) Lack of necessary medical care for the child, which can lead to serious health consequences. First of all, due to the lack of necessary medical care, young children, children with an acute illness, as well as children with chronic illnesses and children with disabilities can suffer. As a mandatory feature, the following should be assessed: whether the child has medical recommendations and doctor’s prescriptions for his treatment; whether these regulations are mandatory or recommendatory. Art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Leaving in danger; Art. 156 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Failure to fulfill the obligations of raising a minor.

9) Inaction / non-intervention of parents in the event of a threat or presence of abuse from third parties. The threat to the life and health of the child is reduced if the child can be protected from the abuser. If the perpetrator has unlimited access to the child (i.e., he can be next to the child at any time and there is no one to stop him), then the degree of threat to the child is very high. Access conditions depend on the following: who the child abuser is related to; the physical presence of the offender in relation to the child (does he live together in the same apartment / room, etc.); the offender’s ability to gain physical access to the child; the willingness and ability of other family members to control the abuser’s access to the child. Art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Leaving in danger; Art. 156 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – Failure to fulfill the obligations of raising a minor.

10) Emergency, uninhabitable housing that poses an immediate threat. Dangerous living conditions can be characterized by various signs, in particular, the absence of windows, heating, the presence of rodents (rats, mice) in the dwelling, the presence of animal and human feces, exposed electrical wires, broken water supply and sewage systems with no alternative, living in the attic or basement .

11) In the presence of a dangerous infection, ignoring sanitary and hygienic norms and rules of safe behavior (there is a risk of infection of the child). It is not the fact of the presence of a dangerous infection that is important, but how the parents behave if the infection is present. If, in the presence of a dangerous infection (tuberculosis, syphilis, etc.), parents are aware of the possible risks, follow the rules of safe behavior and use a set of preventive measures, then the threat to the life and health of the child is not noted.

12) The presence of indirect signs of child abuse (physical, mental, sexual abuse, and / or neglect of needs). If a child is being abused, it can be determined by the following indirect signs:

restless sleep;

closure;

Changes in normal behavior

unmotivated learning problems;

unreasonable absences from lessons;

aggressiveness;

conflicts with teachers, parents, peers;

apathy, depression

Change of friends

· neurotic reactions: enuresis, stuttering.

13) Previously, there were facts of child abuse in the family . It is noted if specialists have information about facts of child abuse and / or failure by the parent to fulfill parental responsibilities (in relation to this child, other children), confirmed by information from the police or other institutions. Indicate what kind of ill-treatment was applied, when, by whom it was committed, in relation to whom and measures taken in connection with this (initiation of a criminal case, initiation of an administrative offense case, initiation of claims for deprivation, restriction of parental rights).

14) The behavior of the parent is inadequate and poses a threat to the child (including due to alcohol / drug intoxication). Inadequate or unpredictable behavior of parents can be provoked by the use of alcohol or drugs, which remove the moral and ethical prohibitions on violence. Behavior that is dangerous for a child can be the behavior of a parent with a mental illness. An inadequate reaction to the crying of a baby can be a strong shaking of the child, which is one of the most brutal types of physical abuse, because it can lead to cerebral hemorrhage or brain injury, up to death.

15) Other (specify what). Indicate other identified factors and give a breakdown in the “Comments” column.

9. SITUATION IN THE FAMILY. The characteristics of the family in which the child is brought up are very important. Problems of the psyche of parents, alcohol and drug addiction and their degree make a negative forecast of the development of events more possible; disability and negative childhood experiences of parents reduce the likelihood of successful parenthood. All this, according to researchers, affects the ability of parents to respond appropriately to the needs of the child. Therefore, it is important not only to record the presence of problems, but also to indicate who they concern, how they affect the ability of parents to fulfill their duties. Also, understanding the reasons allows us to establish, as a result of which parents do not fulfill their parental duties properly: whether this is a consequence of the guilty behavior of the parents, or is associated with their disabilities. Depending on this, individual preventive work can be carried out in different ways. Note the reason why parents do not perform parental duties properly. Make a note next to which parent this applies to (mother, father, both parents).

10. MOTIVATION OF PARENTS TO CHANGE. The motivation of parents to be close to the child and take care of him can be manifested in concrete actions. In this section, indicate what exactly and in what time frame parents are ready to do. Note if there have already been cases of parents taking or not taking the necessary measures to ensure the safety of the child.

11. CHILD SAFETY MEASURES. Please note what immediate steps should be taken to protect the individual child in order to ensure their safety and provide the necessary care. Below, indicate the planned date of implementation and the necessary contact information of the responsible body/institution/person. For example, if the family is sent for escort to the Family Assistance Center. and children, indicate which center, as well as full name and position of the specialist who will be responsible for accompanying this family. If a decision is made to transfer the child to another parent or other relative under guardianship, you must provide the full contact information of the adult who will be responsible for the child.

12. PLAN OF WORK

This section records the fact that immediate measures have been taken to ensure the safety of the child, it is indicated what actions should be taken, when, and by whom, the planned date of implementation is marked.

ACT SIGNATURE

At the bottom of the page are the signatures of the specialists who took part in the survey, if necessary, the signatures of witnesses and parents / persons replacing them. The act must be signed at the time of its execution.

The execution of the Act ends with the approval of its head of the organization, the specialist of which is responsible for conducting this survey.

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