ECOLOGY TESTS FOR THE 4TH COURSE

1. The shell of the earth inhabited by living organisms –

atmosphere.

biosphere.*

Lithosphere.

Hydrosphere

2. The upper boundary of the biosphere passes in the atmosphere at an altitude of about 20 km, since there:

little oxygen*

little light.

Low air temperature.

the ozone layer is located

3 . The doctrine of the biosphere developed

A.V.V. Vernadsky.

B. J. B. Lamarck.

W. C. Darwin.

G. K. Linnaeus.*

4 . The highest concentration of living matter is observed

the upper layers of the atmosphere.

deep in the oceans.*

At a depth of 1 km. in the lithosphere

at the junction of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere.

5 . In the oceans, biomass decreases with depth, as there

little oxygen

Little light*

no soil.

vitamins.

6. Contributes to the solution of the problem of sustainable development of the biosphere.

reduction in the number of species series.

introduction of new species into communities.

elimination of environmental pollution*

water pollution

7. Biological cycle – continuous transformation of substances between

plants and animals*

plants and microorganisms

Soil, plants, animals and microorganisms.

mushrooms

8. The role of plants in the cycle of matter is that they are

Consumers of organic matter*

organic matter producers

Destroyers of organic matter

air consumers

9. The ability of organisms to absorb one gas and release another during photosynthesis and respiration is a function

concentration

gas

redox

Biochemical*

10. The living matter of the planet’s biosphere is the totality of all … ..

all plants and animals

microorganisms

living organisms*

mushrooms

11. The ability of organisms to oxidize and reduce various substances is a function

concentration

gas

redox*

Biochemical

12. The “greenhouse effect” on Earth is observed due to

dustiness of the atmosphere

accumulation of toxic substances.*

Accumulation of carbon dioxide

oxygen accumulation.

13. The appearance of the “ozone hole” leads to

rise in temperature

amplification of ultraviolet radiation*

Temperature drop

reducing the transparency of the atmosphere

14 . The introduction of sulfur into the atmosphere leads to

ozone depletion

destruction of the atmosphere

Acid rain formation*

.smog

15. As a result of deforestation in the atmosphere

nitrogen content increases

the oxygen content decreases.*

Decreased carbon dioxide content

the oxygen content increases.

16. Mushrooms are:

plants;

lichens*

group of chlorophyll-free organisms

protozoa

17. Plants are used for life processes:

light energy *

inorganic substances

salt solution.

acid solution

18. The territory on which certain species of plants and animals, geological objects, landscape elements are temporarily protected is called

Reserve*

reserve;

biosphere reserve;

national park.

alley

19. The biosphere covers entirely:

atmosphere

.lithosphere

hydrosphere

Atmosphere and hydrosphere*

20. Where does the body get energy from?

food

from the sun*

air

water

21. How many degrees does the temperature drop for every 100m when climbing mountains?:

0.5º*

10º

22. What factor determines the lower limit of life in the lithosphere

water

air

Temperature*

degree

23. What factor determines the lower limit of life in the atmosphere:

Water

Air*

temperature

ultra-violet rays

24. For the first time he introduced the concept of “biocenosis” in 1877:

D. Allen

K. Möbius*

V.V. Dokuchaev

E. Haeckel

25. Created the first evolutionary theory:

R. Reaumur

C. Linnaeus

Lamarck*

E. Haeckel

26. According to the source of origin, resources are divided into:

Biological, mineral and energy.*

Water resources, forest resources, land fund.

Flora resources and fauna resources.

Natural resources

27. The first reserve in Russia was organized in 1882:

in Crimea

in Kamchatka*

in the Caucasus

in Chukotka

28. The term “biosphere” was first used:

V. V. Dokuchaev

C. Adams*

V. I. Vernadsky

G. Mendeleev

29. At what height is the ozone shield that protects the Earth from solar radiation?

15km

45km*

100km

25km

30. Which plant has the highest utilization of sunlight during photosynthesis:

wheat

linen

lupine

chlorella 70%*

31 . When was Greenpeace established?:

1972*

32. The Chernobyl disaster occurred in:

1986*

33 . All water on the planet goes through cycles of splitting in plant cells, and restoration in animal and plant cells in about:

300,000 years

3000 years

2,000,000 years*

34 . All atmospheric oxygen passes through living matter in about:

200,000 years

2000 years*

34,000 years

35 . Where are the largest reserves of water on earth located?

There are 1.5 billion in the world’s oceans. km³*

in the bowels of the earth 1.3 billion. km³

in glaciers

in icebergs

36 . Where are the main fresh water resources located?

in the rivers

in the lakes

in glaciers, polar snows and icebergs (96%)*

no correct answer

37 . How many liters of oxygen does an adult consume per day?

100l

400-500l

700-900l*

800-400

38 . How many liters of oxygen does a car consume per 1000 km ?

1000l

300 000l*

55000 l

35000l

39. “Smog” formed over the city. What is the reason for this formation? exhaust accumulation

40. Which of the scientists first introduced the term “ecology”?

V.I.Vernadsky

V.N. Sukachev

C. Darwin

E. Haeckel*

41. Lake Baikal cleans itself every year. What can influence its self-purification process?

crustaceans

42. Which of the scientists created the fundamental doctrine of the biosphere?

V.I.Vernadsky

V.N. Sukachev

C. Darwin*

E Haeckel

43. Define the concept of “biosphere”.

The totality of living organisms found in the atmosphere.

The global ecosystem of the Earth is an area of systemic interaction between living and inert matter on the planet.

The totality of living organisms distributed on the land of the planet. *

The totality of living organisms found in the world’s oceans.

44. What is “living matter”?

The totality of all living organisms inhabiting our planet. *

Plant world of the planet.

Animal world of the planet.

Phyto- and zooplankton, common in the oceans.

45. What is “atmosphere”?

Gaseous shell of the Earth*

A mixture of nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

The layer of air in which life is found.

A mixture of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

46. What is the “lithosphere”?

Earth’s crust

Solid surface shell of the Earth.*

The hard shell of the Earth that contains minerals.

Volcano

47. What is the “hydrosphere”?

Water of rivers, lakes.

Water of the seas and oceans.

Water shell of the Earth.*

Earth’s crust

48 . What is the name of the component of the soil that ensures its fertility

Humus*

Loam

Chernozem

grass cover

49. When creating paint “Lotosan” with water-repellent properties. What flower did this idea come from?

lotus

50. The ecological optimum of the habitat should provide a person with:

Normal development.

Good health.

High performance, longevity.

All options are correct*

51. What was the prototype for the creation of solar panels?

sunflower

52 . List the main causes of acid rain.

Entry of nitrogen and (or) sulfur oxides into a humid atmosphere.*

Spill of mineral acids during accidents at chemical plants.

Methane entry into a humid atmosphere.

Release of fluorochlorocarbons into the atmosphere.

53. What are the possible consequences of the greenhouse effect?

Formation of ozone holes in the atmosphere.*

Reducing the concentration of carbon oxides in the atmosphere.

Reducing the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere.

Changes in the parameters of the planet’s climate due to the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

54. List the main pollutants of the oceans.

Surfactants.

Oil and oil products.*

Sulfuric, hydrochloric, nitric acids.

Pesticides and herbicides.

55 . When creating a snowmobile, the principle of which animal was taken as the basis?

penguin

56. List the main causes of soil salinization.

Excessive application of mineral fertilizers.

Application of over-irrigation.

Fallout of acid rain.

Flooding of the territory by flood waters.*

57 . What is the name of the process in which soil moves from one place to another under the influence of wind and rain?

Erosion*

Landslide

sel

desertification

58. What causes massive deforestation?

To desertification .*

To the violation of the oxygen cycle.

To increase the concentration of carbon dioxide in the troposphere.

To increase the concentration of oxygen in the air.

59 . Give examples of inexhaustible natural resources.

Water, air, solar energy.*

Forests, meadows, pastures.

Flora and fauna.

Animal world

60. According to the source of origin, resources are divided into:

Biological, mineral and energy.*

Water resources, forest resources, land fund.

Flora resources and fauna resources.

Natural resources

61. List the main methods of drinking water purification from microbiological contamination.

Filtration, fluoridation.*

Chlorination, ozonation.

Adsorption, absorption.

Ion exchange, osmosis.

62. The experience of F. Redi proved the possibility:

spontaneous generation of life

the appearance of the living only from the living *

bringing “seeds of life” from space

biochemical evolution

63. A specially protected natural area in which any economic activity is completely prohibited in order to preserve natural complexes, protect animals and plants, is called –

Reserve.

64. Emissions from road transport mainly pollute…

Atmosphere.*

Hydrosphere.

Lithosphere.

atmosphere and hydrosphere.

65 . The most famous public environmental organization at present is:

Greenpeace *

UNESCO

UNEP

IAEA

66 . The bulk of the living matter of the biosphere is:

animals

plants*

bacteria

protozoa

67 Acid rain fell in Ryazan, what is the reason for this phenomenon?

sulfurous acid

68. Ecology studies:

relationships of organisms*

Natural resources

natural phenomena

volcanoes

69. Photosynthesis occurs:

Chloroplast*

vacuoles

leucoplasts

cytoplasm

70. Ruthless deforestation is being carried out in the Khasavyurt district. What problem can we attribute it to?

Local

71. One of the main environmental problems

exhaustibility of natural resources*

forest resources

food resources

Natural resources

72. The upper boundary of the biosphere passes at an altitude of about:

30km

20km*

10km

50km

73. What happens if fuel oil or oil gets on the feathers of waterfowl:

Feathers and fluff stick together, the bird may die *

Feather property will not change

Feathers will stick to the body, so the bird will expend less energy.

There is no correct answer

74. In the tropical desert, the main limiting factor is

light

humidity*

temperature

dampness

75. Carbon dioxide enters the biosphere as a result of:

Photosynthesis

Mineral recovery

Rotting organic debris

Lightning discharges in the atmosphere*

76. Thanks to plants and some bacteria, the accumulation in the atmosphere of the earth occurred:

Hydrogen

Carbon dioxide

Oxygen

Nitrogen*

77. The biosphere is a system that unites

Living organisms*

Living and non-living natural systems

Geospheres of the earth

Planets of the solar system

78. The more oxygen:

in meat

In currant*

in an apple

in apricots

79. In the Khasavyurt district, over the past 10-15 years, the environmental situation has deteriorated, dust and sand storms have appeared, which is the reason for this phenomenon.

Deforestation

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