Diagnostics of the motivational sphere

Before proceeding to the consideration of the diagnosis of the motivational sphere of the motivational sphere, it is necessary to understand what the term motivation is. Motivation is a drive to action. This is a dynamic process of a physiological and psychological plan that controls human behavior, determines its direction, organization, activity and stability. Motivation occupies a leading place in the structure of a person’s personality and is one of the main concepts that are used to explain the driving forces of behavior.

Needs, interests, inclinations, emotions, attitudes, ideals, which are essentially formed by society and the closest circle of human communication, can act as a motive. Satisfaction of any desire, need is always carried out in some way, and it just turns out to be socially given. For this reason, we can say that it is not personal emotional experiences that determine the motive of our actions, but how much the motive itself influences, determines our emotions and feelings. Motivation as a process of inducing a person to commit certain actions and misconduct is often a complex act that requires analysis and evaluation of alternatives, choice and decision making. This process is psychologically complicated by the fact that we are not always aware of real motives at the moment of making a decision or performing an action. The result may be a lack of satisfaction with oneself, one’s actions, life. Unfortunately, most of these properties are found in disabled people.

Psychodiagnostics is able, with the help of a conversation and the availability of special techniques, to determine and reveal the structure and hierarchy of the motivational sphere, the orientation of the personality, which means that a person gets the opportunity to realize the true causes of his actions, feelings and emotions. When diagnosing the motivational sphere, achievement motivation, personality orientation, approval motivation, etc. can also be diagnosed.

Achievement motivation determines the desire to improve results, dissatisfaction with what has been achieved, perseverance in achieving one’s goals, the desire to achieve one’s goal at all costs, is one of the main personality traits that influence all human life.

The orientation of the personality can be considered as a set of leading, stable motives that guide the activity of the personality, which are relatively independent of the existing circumstances. The orientation of the personality of all people is characterized by its interests, inclinations, beliefs, ideals, in which the worldview of a person is expressed.

In contrast to achievement motivation, the level of approval motivation refers to the desire to earn the approval of significant people around, it determines success in deeds and accomplishments much less. It significantly affects the quality of relationships with other people in general and with your future life partner in particular.

The value system of orientations determines the content side of the personality’s orientation and forms the basis of its relationship to the surrounding world, to other people, to itself, the basis of the worldview and the core of the motivation for life activity, the basis of the life concept and philosophy of life.

When diagnosing the motivational sphere, various methods and tests are used, for example, they include the ranking of emotional preferences, the test of V.E. Milman and others. Diagnostics of motives takes into account the level of personal anxiety. Personal anxiety characterizes a stable tendency to perceive a wide range of situations as threatening, to respond to such situations with a state of anxiety. Reactive anxiety is characterized by tension, anxiety, nervousness. Very high reactive anxiety causes disturbances in attention, sometimes a violation of fine coordination. Very high personal anxiety directly correlates with the presence of a neurotic conflict, with emotional and neurotic breakdowns, and with psychosomatic diseases. But anxiety is not a negative initial trait. A certain level of anxiety is a natural and obligatory feature of an active personality. At the same time, there is an individual optimal level of “useful anxiety”. Timely diagnosis can determine the level of negative anxiety in time, while improving the motivational sphere of a person for successful work, as well as daily activities.

Especially widely used is the diagnosis of disabled children on the level of development of motivation for learning and determining the volitional qualities of schoolchildren. This helps parents learn a lot about their child. For example, you can determine the level of discipline in behavior, see signs of independence in learning. Psydiagnostics determines the level of persistence:

– the desire to constantly bring the work started to the end;

– the ability to pursue a goal for a long time without reducing energy in the fight against difficulties;

– the ability to continue activities in case of unwillingness to engage in it or the emergence of another, more interesting activity

– the ability to show perseverance in a changing environment (change of team, working conditions, etc.)

Determining the level of exposure is also important in the diagnosis of an adult and a child, these include:

– showing patience in activities performed in difficult conditions (big interference, failures, etc.);

– the ability to behave in conflict situations (in disputes, undeserved accusations, etc.);

– the ability to inhibit the manifestation of feelings in case of strong emotional arousal (great joy, indignation, etc.);

– the ability to control their behavior in an unusual environment.

The signs of organization are also necessary for the development of the motivational sphere of a good employee; when diagnosing it, the following are studied:

-observance of a certain order that contributes to success in activities (keep in order business papers, workplace, objects of labor and entertainment, etc.);

– planning their actions and their reasonable alternation; rational use of time, taking into account the situation;

– the ability to introduce a certain organization into their activities when the situation changes.

Disabled people, like healthy people, often have problems with choice and inability to make a decision. Psychodiagnostics and therapeutic help to help improve the following symptoms:

-quick and thoughtful decision-making when performing one or another action or deed;

-implementation of the decision made without hesitation, confidently;

– lack of confusion when making decisions in difficult conditions and during emotional excitement;

-Demonstration of decisive action in an unusual environment.

It is especially important to identify and develop the level of initiative in a disabled person, because this guarantees the successful development of creativity, invention, rationalization. It will help to participate in the implementation of a reasonable innovation, a good undertaking emanating from him. The level of active support of the team in the implementation of the plans and the desire to take the initiative in an unusual environment depends on this.

The Institute of Prevention offers disabled people and everyone who wants to diagnose their motivational sphere. This will help you get to know yourself and your children better, while you will have the opportunity to receive psychological help from our specialists in correcting motivation. The motivational sphere is very extensive, therefore, during the psychodiagnostics of our clients, we find an individual approach to each of them.

Methods for diagnosing the motivational sphere:

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