Descent (ascent) on the slope with self-insurance on the railing

Knots

a) knots for tying the ends of the rope: straight; academic; counter; weaving; bramshkotovy; grapevine b) knots for attaching a rope to an object (group of conductors): conductor; figure eight conductor; double conductor; Austrian conductor;

c) knots for attaching the rope to the support: bowline, stirrup;

d) grasping: “double grasping”;

e) control nodes: simple, control eight

The knots should not have twisted strands, the drawings should correspond to the images in the methodological literature or the knot samples presented to the panel of judges.

All nodes, except: oncoming; grapevine; conductor-eight; Austrian conductor must have control nodes.

All tied knots, incl. and control, must have a free end outlet of at least 50 mm.

Movement along the railing: along a log, across a river or a ravine

When moving, the participant must be connected to the railing with a lanyard carabiner: when crossing a ravine (canyon) – from the chest crosshairs, when crossing water barriers – from a carabiner,

attached to the side of the safety belt (sliding carabiner).

The length of the lanyard must be such that the competitor can cover the lanyard carabiner with the outstretched wrist.

In addition to self-belay, the participant must have an accompanying rope (main), included with a sliding carabiner in the side part of the safety belt (except for crossing a ravine, canyon).

When crossing a ravine (canyon), the accompanying rope is connected to the participant in the chest crosshairs, or to the lanyard carabiner sliding along the railing.

The free end of the accompanying rope must be fixed on a support, or on a participant standing on a lanyard on the shore.

The accompanying rope must be held in the hands of at least one person (except for the crossing of the “victim”).

No more than one participant can be on the railing.

Walking on a ropeway

The crossing is carried out on a carabiner included in the arbor or in the lock: safety belt-arbor. Movement on two carabiners is allowed: chest-arbor. It is not allowed to move on a carabiner that closes the belay system.

Attaching to railings:

a) stand on self-insurance on the railing, while:

– if the railing is made of a single rope, then for self-insurance, the upper, statically unloaded rope, stretched parallel to the main railing by the team, is used. In some cases, in accordance with the conditions of the competition, the judge’s safety rope is pulled by the referee team, which is provided to the team as a safety rail before the start of work on the stage. In this case, after passing the stage, the team is obliged to remove only their equipment (ropes) used at the stage;

– if the railing is made of a double rope, then the lanyard is switched on by one carabiner simultaneously on both ropes;

b) connect the accompanying rope to the participant (for connection it is allowed to use any bearing element of the belay system located on the front of the body);

c) connect to the railing (at the same time, at the moment the participant connects to the railing and then while moving along the crossing until it is removed from the railing, the accompanying rope must be held in hands by at least one

participant in gloves).

Allowed p.p. “a” and “b” to perform in reverse order, or simultaneously.

The order of unfastening from the railing is reversed.

The free end of the accompanying rope is fixed to the support. It is allowed to fix it on a participant standing on self-belay.

In the event that the crossing is declared in the conditions of the competition as an inclined one (angle more than 20 degrees):

– the accompanying rope must be issued through a carabiner (a reference point on the “upper” bank, including for the latter;

– the movement of participants along the crossing only with their feet forward;

– the accompanying person must have self-insurance.

The hinged ferry can be loaded by only one participant. It is forbidden to load the rope in any way by other participants or with a load (pulling the rope down, hanging).

Railing Traverse

The danger zone of the stage must be passed by the participant without loss of insurance (self-insurance). To organize self-insurance along the railing, the participant uses his short self-insurance (short mustache), coming from the chest crosshair of the safety belt. When moving on a slope, the participant must control that his center of gravity is not higher than the railing.

Safety railings can also be used by the participant as an additional point of support.

No more than one participant can be on the railing.

Descent (ascent) on the slope with self-insurance on the railing

To organize self-insurance along the railing, the participant uses a grasping knot, connected from a cord with a diameter of 6 mm and having four branches in the working part (ie between the participant and the railing).

Self-insurance is included in the chest crosshair of the safety belt.

The length of the loop for knitting the grasping knot should be such that the knot tied on the railing overlaps with the wrist of the outstretched hand.

The participant must move the grasping knot along the railing in such a way as to exclude its capture (clamping in the fist).

No more than one participant can be on the railing.

Movement on a rope with railings (parallel railings or parallel ropes, while the nature of the obstacle is set by the judges: river or ravine).

The crossing of the participants is carried out standing with their feet on the lower rope with their hands resting on the upper rope. The upper rope is a safety railing, to which the participant must connect with his short lanyard (lanyard) from the chest crosshairs. In addition to self-belay, the participant must have an accompanying rope (main), included with a sliding carabiner in the side part of the safety belt (except for crossing a ravine, canyon). When crossing a ravine (canyon), the accompanying rope is connected to the participant in the chest crosshairs, or to the lanyard carabiner sliding along the railing.

The free end of the accompanying rope must be fixed on a support, or on a participant standing on a lanyard on the shore. The accompanying rope must be held in the hands of at least one person (except for the crossing of the “victim”). No more than one participant can be on the railing.

self-insurance

Self-insurance must be made of a main rope with a diameter of at least 10 mm and a length of not more than 2 m.

The use of slings, braids of ropes as a material for self-insurance is not allowed.

Mittens

Mittens are a mandatory piece of equipment for each participant. Mittens should be made of dense material, and completely cover the hand. The use of leather, textile gloves does not eliminate the need for mittens.

The participant must wear gloves when performing the following techniques: 1) descent along the railing; 2) execution of insurance; 3) braking of a stretcher moving along a hinged ferry, in competition conditions, as an inclined ferry; 6) work with an accompanying rope while passing by a participant of a mounted crossing;

7) work with a transport rope when descending participants or cargo down a slope.

If the participants do not have gloves, replacing them with sleeves, windbreaker floors (jackets) is prohibited.

Table of penalties:

No. Name of the fine score Description of the penalty
Loose carabiner A muffed carabiner is mandatory for use for the purpose of insurance, self-insurance.
Loss of equipment (per item), provided that the team could not get it on their own, without violating the Competition Rules or Conditions. Also left at the stage after the completion of its passage. Equipment (or part) in accordance with the list of necessary. Does not apply to the main rope, backpack and test weight.
Single touch of the terrain in the danger zone; step into the danger zone. Without using support.
Work without gloves. Replacing them with a hat, sleeves or other items is penalized.
Knot tied incorrectly Lack of control, incorrect use of the node.
Incorrect reception. Wrong movement with the use of insurance during the passage of the stage.
Wrong insurance (self-insurance) The belay angle is less than 90 degrees, belay with one hand, hands close to the fulcrum, lanyard length mismatch, incorrect position of the belay rope, sagging of the belay rope below the insured’s foot.
Railing overload, belay, absence or suspension of belay or lanyard Being on a single rope by more than one participant. Loss of insurance subject to its immediate restoration, omission of intermediate insurance.
Breakdown of the participant with hanging on the insurance, self-insurance. Or falling during the passage of the stage.
Loss of the main rope, backpack The main rope is more than 10 m, as well as its break (break), including outside the stage and in the absence of movement.
Failure to pass the stage by the participant (for each) Refusal to pass the stage or complete misunderstanding of the method or principle of passing the stage.

Equipment necessary for the course: harness included, Prusik, carabiners (2-3 per participant), 2×40 m main rope per team

10. “Tourist attraction” (sports and entertainment program) – teams during the control time (2 hours) perform the maximum number of tasks proposed by the judges. The results are summed up by the sum of the places occupied by the teams at each stage. The team that did not visit the stage takes the last place on it. The results of the teams are summed up by age groups. The team consists of 6-8 people.

11. Tourist all-around relay . “Who had time, he ate” (age groups – A, B)

The team consists of three pairs of participants (at least 1 girl). The relay is passed from one pair to another.

List of stages.

1. Stage knots. Each member of the pair is invited to tie the correct knot. The partner has the right to suggest, but not to help. Note : List of nodes: “stirrup” (fastening to a support), “oncoming” (tying ropes of the same diameter), “eight” (conductors), “academic” (tying ropes of different diameters), “double grasping” (grasping).

  1. The bump stage. Participants overcome the “swamp”, by means of 2 (3) low, but rather wide bumps.
  2. Stage hinged ferry (pointed by the judges). Participants are transported on a hinged crossing over a barrier in systems with the organization of insurance.
  3. Stage parallel ropes. Participants cross the obstacle along parallel ropes, insuring themselves with the mustache of the self-insurance for the railing (pointed by the judges).
  4. Traverse stage. Participants traverse an imaginary slope, insuring themselves for the judges’ railings with a self-insurance mustache (pointed by the judges).
  5. Stage rope with quickdraw. For the crossing, participants are provided with a stuffed rope, along which they will move through the obstacle, and a rope with which the participants will organize a guy. Supports are marked on both banks, for which it is required to fix the guy with the correct knot for attaching to the support. The first participant fastens the rope on the starting bank to the support and crosses with the help of a quickdraw. The second participant unties the guy on the starting bank and waits for the first participant to tie the other end of the guy on the target bank, after which he crosses himself. Exit from the stage after all knots are untied and the rope is outside the boundaries of the stage.

It is possible to change the stages.

The stages are divided into groups according to directions. Conventionally, the “northern” direction: bumps, parallel ropes, a hanging crossing. “South” direction: knots, traverse, rope with a quickdraw.

Competitions are held according to the Olympic system. 3 (4) teams take part in the race, depending on the number of teams. 1 (2) teams with the best result go to the next round.

At the start, stages for teams are not defined. Participants themselves choose the sequence of stages depending on their employment, location, and their own strengths. If the stage is busy, participants can wait for it to be released or find a free stage. The starting pair must overcome two of the 6 stages. At the finish, the team must overcome all 6 stages.

12. Absolute championship in knitting knots – participants knit knots at the command of the judge (which knot, time, method) until the winner is determined according to the Olympic system. The condition for participation in the competition is the presence of ropes for knitting knots with a diameter of 6 and 10 mm, at least 1 m long. In the event of any error in summing up (overlapping, incorrectly tied knot) or knitting knots after the “stop” command, the participant is eliminated from further participation in the competition.

Note : the list of knots for this type of competition is straight, counter, weaving, grapevine, academic, bramshkotovy, counter eight, guide-eight, double guide (hare ears), Austrian guide (middle, bee, bergschaft), bowline (on a support) , stirrup (possibly on a support), grasping (double), simple control, control eight ..

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