Choose three correct answers from six.

MAN: HIGHLIGHT

Choose three correct answers from six.

1. Establish a correspondence between the signs of structural units and structural units of organ systems

A) has processes B) has a capsule C) conducts an electrical signal D) has a convoluted tubule E) has a capillary glomerulus E) consists of one cell 1) neuron 2) nephron

2. Establish a correspondence between a feature and a functional unit.

A) the loop of Henle is included 1) neuron

B) has processes – axons and dendrites 2) nephron

C) basic properties – excitability and conductivity

D) covers the glomerulus of capillaries

D) consists of Bowman’s capsule and tubules

E) conducts nerve impulses

3. Establish a correspondence between the process occurring in the structural unit of the organ system and the structural unit in which this process occurs.

A) filtration B) excitation C) impulse conduction D) reabsorption of substances E) release of mediator hormones E) retention of large organic molecules 1) neuron 2) nephron

4. Establish the correct sequence of passage of water in the excretory

system.

1) entry of water into the renal pelvis

2) absorption of water in convoluted tubules

3) collection of water in the bladder

4) passage of water in the renal capsule

5) removal of water through the urethra

5. Establish the sequence of organs in the excretory system of mammals,

starting with the organ that produces urine.

1) ureters

2) bladder

3) urethra

4) kidneys

6. Establish the correct sequence of formation and excretion of urine in the human body

1) filtration of blood in the glomeruli of the renal capsules

2) the flow of urine into the renal pelvis

3) the formation of urine containing glucose, amino acids, vitamins

4) the flow of urine into the convoluted tubules and the reabsorption of glucose, amino acids, vitamins

5) the flow of urine into the ureters

6) the flow of urine into the bladder

7. Consider a drawing depicting a human organ. Fill in the blank cells of the table using the terms given in the list.

Organ system Structural and functional unit Significance in the life of the body
BUT) B) AT)

List of terms:

1) epithelial tissue

2) urinary

3) release from the end products of metabolism

4) circulatory

5) transport of nutrients

6) nephron

7) collecting tube

8. Consider a drawing depicting a human organ. Fill in the blank cells of the table using the terms given in the list.

Organ layers Processes occurring in the body The structure of the body for the accumulation of solutions of substances
BUT) B) AT)

List of terms:

1) cortical, cerebral

2) urinary

3) renal pelvis

4) loop of Henle

5) transport of nutrients

6) epithelial, muscular

7) filtration, reverse suction

5.2 MAN: SKIN.

Choose three correct answers from six.

9. What features of the human body play an important role in maintaining a constant body temperature?

1) supplying body cells with arterial blood

2) the presence of sweat glands

3) development of the cerebral cortex

4) complication of the structure of the sense organs

5) intensive metabolism

6) complication of the structure of the digestive organs

10. With increased heat transfer in the human body

1) the secretory function of the kidneys is enhanced

2) the process of protein biosynthesis is accelerated

3) the number of platelets in plasma changes

4) increased blood flow to the skin

5) increased evaporation of water through the sweat glands

6) the lumen of blood capillaries increases

11. What is accompanied by heat transfer in humans?

1) “goosebumps” appear

2) the level of adrenaline in the blood decreases

3) the parasympathetic nervous system is activated

4) blood fills the vessels of the skin

5) sweating decreases

6) the diameter of venules and arterioles of the skin increases

12. Establish a correspondence between the function of the human gland and its type.

GLANDS FUNCTIONS

A) form lipids 1) sweat

B) participate in thermoregulation 2) sebaceous

C) produce food for the child 3) milky

D) remove minerals from the body

D) improve skin elasticity

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