Calcium and the digestive system

In the digestive system, calcium ions not only support and guide the movement of the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, but also participate in the process of excretion and activation of the digestive enzyme. The calcium absorption site is located in the upper part of the small intestine, but the duodenum absorbs calcium the fastest, and the mucous membrane absorbs calcium most quantitatively. The mucous membrane plays an important role in maintaining normal levels of calcium in the human body. In a chronic disease, when a person constantly feels pain in the abdomen and suffers from frequent indigestion, the absorption of calcium is difficult. This can lead to low calcium levels in the blood and irritate the parathyroid gland. Therefore, those suffering from indigestion need to eat foods rich in calcium. This will help not only to correct the blood calcium deficiency caused by difficulty in the absorption of calcium by the intestines, but also to get rid of indigestion. Ulcers of the alimentary tract, stomach and duodenum are caused by self-absorption of the mucous membrane under the influence of gastric juice and gastric protein enzymes. Causes that cause excessive secretion of gastric juice may be malnutrition, backflow of bile or nervous breakdown, which contribute to the appearance of an ulcer. That is, calcium deficiency can provoke excessive secretion of gastric juice, an increase in the concentration of pepsin and lead to a digestive tract ulcer . In severe condition, it can be life threatening.

Although the world’s reserves of calcium are huge, but in our daily life, calcium is not enough. Usually people think that through food you can get the necessary amount of calcium and get rid of diseases caused by its deficiency. This is a big misconception. Calcium absorption is influenced by many factors: the ratio of calcium and phosphorus, cooking temperature, lifestyle, health status, digestive system, etc. In addition to a balanced diet, you need to pay attention to the intake of foods containing calcium.

All information must be grouped and not repeated the same thing in different words and expressions.

Calcium, its deficiency and excess in the body.

Hypercalcemia hypocalcemia.

Excess (hypercalcemia) of calcium or insufficiency (hypocalcemia) in the body can be the cause or consequence of a number of pathological conditions. Hypercalcemia is observed in a number of diseases accompanied by a violation of mineral metabolism (rickets , osteomalacia) , systemic bone sarcoidosis and multiple myeloma, Itsenko-Cushing’s disease, malignant tumors, especially in the presence of bone metastases, hyperparathyroidism. Prolonged hypercalcemia can lead to a decrease in neuromuscular excitability, the appearance of paresis, paralysis, and leads to the formation of hardly soluble calcium, which is retained in tissues (kidneys).

Hypocalcemia can occur in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus, Fanconi-Albertini syndrome, hypovitaminosis D. In case of calcium deficiency in the body, calcium preparations (calcium chloride, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate, calcium glycerophosphate, calcium carbonate).

Symptoms of calcium deficiency :

Weakness and fatigue.

· Pain, spasms in the muscles.

· Pain in the bones, the occurrence of gait disturbances.

Growth disorders.

· Hypocalcemia (low level of calcium in the blood), hypocalcinosis (decreased calcium content in calcium-containing organs, such as bones).

Skeletal decalcification (lack of calcium in bone tissue), bone fractures, vertebral deformities, osteoporosis, deforming osteoarthritis.

Urolithiasis (urolithiasis).

Kashin-Beck disease (damage to the joints of the limbs and spine).

Disorders of the immune system.

· Allergic diseases.

Bleeding, decreased blood clotting.

There is no transition, think.

Excess calcium

Calcium is not a toxic substance, a lethal dose has not been established. Overdose symptoms occur in the case of regular intake of more than 2.5 g of calcium per day, and also, as a rule, in the presence of impaired calcium metabolism in the body, for example, hyperparathyroidism.

An excess of Ca in the body – hypercalcemia – is as undesirable as its deficiency. It occurs not only, as many people think, due to excessive consumption of calcium-containing foods. Some health problems are called one of the leading factors of such a “skew”. For example, due to increased hormonal activity of the parathyroid glands (this pathology is most often observed in women 25-50 years old). The presence of oncological diseases of the mammary glands, ovaries, kidneys, prostate and lungs also leads to hypercalcemia. Uncontrolled intake of vitamin D preparations, Itsenko-Cushing’s disease, osteomalacia, acromegaly, hypothyroidism lead to similar problems.

With an excess of calcium, all organs and systems of the body suffer, as it begins to be deposited on the walls of blood vessels, in muscle fibers, and kidneys. Children are stunted. With a clear progression of the process, patients feel constant weakness and thirst, believing that they have diabetes. Appetite is lost with the prospect of anorexia. Nausea and vomiting, pain in the lower abdomen. These symptoms may include disorders of higher nervous activity, mental disorders (memory lapses, confusion, psychoses, hallucinations). There are irritability and depression, dizziness and incoordination, calcification and nephropathy, as well as arterial hypertension.

With such symptoms, urgent measures must be taken to restore normal calcium levels, since they will not disappear on their own. First of all, it is necessary to influence the causes that provoked hypercalcemia. It is advisable to limit the consumption of milk and all dairy products. Eat less eggs, reduce the amount of hard cheeses in the diet. We will have to impose restrictions even on cabbage and parsley. The drinking regimen can not be changed, but it is better not to drink tap water – in Russia and the CIS countries it is usually hard, that is, it contains calcium in excess. It is better to find an opportunity to soften ordinary water or use distilled water for some time (no more than two months). Sorrel and fitin will help you remove excess Ca. Ordinary sugar also contributes to this, but sweets, for obvious reasons, should not be abused.

Causes of excess calcium in the body :

Excessive intake with food, medications or dietary supplements.

Disorders of calcium metabolism, including those associated with dysregulation (pathologies and traumatic injuries of the central nervous system, dysfunction of the thyroid gland and parathyroid glands, etc.).

· Vitamin D hypervitaminosis (a disorder caused by the intake of ultra-high doses of the vitamin).

Symptoms of excess calcium in the body:

Inhibition of excitability of nerve fibers and muscles of the skeleton;

Decreased tone of smooth muscles;

An increase in the level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia);

Change in the acidity of gastric juice upward; development of hyperacid gastritis, stomach ulcers;

Calcinosis (deposits of calcium salts in soft tissues or organs, which should not contain salts in an undissolved state);

Heart disease: angina pectoris, bradycardia;

· Gout;

An increase in the amount of calcium salts in the urine;

Renal stone disease, nephrocalcinosis;

Increasing the process of blood clotting;

Increased likelihood of developing disorders of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis;

Removal from the body of iron, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium.

World Health Organization Recommended Daily Values for Calcium.

Children under 3 years old – 600 mg.

· Children from 4 to 10 years – 800 mg.

Children from 10 to 13 years old – 1000 mg.

Adolescents 13 to 16 years old – 1200 mg.

Youth 16 and older – 1000 mg.

Adults 25 to 50 years old – 800 to 1200 mg.

· Pregnant and lactating women – from 1500 to 2000 mg.

Indicate the manifestations, causes, how to remove the excess. Only everything is scientific, anne populists, like yours

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