Branches of public law

State (constitutional) law is the leading branch of national law; This is a branch of law that establishes the foundations of the social and state structure of the country, the foundations of the legal status of citizens, the system of state bodies and their main powers. Constitutional law: regulates social relations related to human rights and freedoms, the structure of the state, and other fundamental social relations; relies primarily on the imperative method of legal regulation; has as its main source – the Constitution of the Russian Federation – a legal act of the highest legal force.

Administrative law regulates public relations in the areas of public administration and maintenance of public order (determines the legal status of civil servants, administrative responsibility). Guided by the imperative method of legal regulation; has the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (CAO) as the main source.

Financial law is a set of rules governing public relations with the spheres of financial activity. Regulates the collection, distribution and use of the state’s monetary fund, the process of the state’s budgetary activities. Unlike administrative legal relations, financial legal relations are property relations that arise in the course of the financial activities of the state regarding funds (sub-sectors: budget, tax, banking law).

Criminal law is a set of rules that establish what kind of socially dangerous behavior is criminal and what punishment is applied for its commission. The norms of criminal law define the concept of a crime; establish the range of crimes, types and sizes of punishment for criminal behavior and more. Relies on the imperative (imperious) method of legal regulation; has the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (CC) as its main source.

Environmental law regulates the relations of people, organizations for the rational use of natural resources, protection of the natural environment.

Civil procedural law regulates relations arising in the course of consideration by courts of civil, labor and family disputes. The norms of civil procedural law determine the goals, objectives, rights and obligations of the court in the administration of justice; fix the legal status of participants in civil proceedings; regulate the course of the trial; procedure for issuing and appealing a judgment. The main source is the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (CPC).

Criminal procedural law unites the norms that determine the procedure for the production of criminal cases. The norms of this branch regulate the activities of the bodies of inquiry of the preliminary investigation, the prosecutor’s office, the court and their relationship with citizens during the investigation, during the trial and in the resolution of criminal cases.

Criminal-executive law regulates relations that develop during the execution of criminal penalties and are associated with corrective labor influence. The norms of this branch establish the procedure for serving the convicts of the measure of criminal punishment assigned to them, and also regulate the activities for the correction of convicts while serving their sentences. Relies on the imperious (imperative) method of legal regulation; is guided by the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation (PEC) as the main source.

The arbitration process regulates the activities of courts to resolve economic disputes between legal entities and entrepreneurs.

International – public law is not an integral part of the national legal system of law; a set of norms and principles contained in conventions, international treaties, charters of international organizations that regulate relations between states and other participants in international communication.

Branches of private law

Civil law is the most voluminous branch of the legal system that regulates a variety of property and related personal non-property relations. The norms of civil law establish and protect various forms of ownership, determine the rights and obligations of the parties in property relations, regulate relations related to the creation of works of art, literature, etc. Civil law also protects such personal non-property rights as the honor and dignity of a citizen or organizations . It is based on dispositive (coordination) method of legal regulation. The main source is the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (CC).

Labor law is a branch of law that regulates social relations in the process of human labor activity. The norms of labor law determine, for example, the conditions for employment, establish working hours and rest periods, and rules for the safety of working conditions. The method of legal regulation is imperative-dispositive; the main source is the Labor Code of the Russian Federation

Family law is a branch of law that regulates marriage and family relations. Its norms establish the conditions and procedure for entering into marriage, determine the rights and obligations of spouses, parents and children in relation to each other. to friend. Relies on dispositive method of legal regulation; the main source of this right is the Family Code of the Russian Federation (SC).

Land law regulates social relations in the field of the use and protection of the land, its subsoil, waters, forests, which is the material basis for the life support of human society.

International private law regulates civil, family, marriage and labor relations of an international nature. The subject of international private law are relations that in the Russian Federation are regulated by the norms of civil, family, labor law, complicated by a foreign element, that is, those that are international in nature. A feature of the legal relations of private international law is that foreign citizens and foreign legal entities participate in them, their object is things located abroad, they are associated with the territory of 2 or more states.

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