At what stage of the fever does the patient experience chills, headache, a feeling of "ache" in the joints and muscles…

a. transitional stage

b. Normal temperature stabilization stage

c. The stage of constantly elevated temperature

d. Temperature rise stage +

e. Temperature drop stage

Test tasks for topic number 5

1 Symptoms characteristic of respiratory diseases include …

a. cough

b. hemoptysis +

c. shortness of breath +

d. nausea

e. dizziness

2 Physiological types of breathing …

a. mixed +

b. surface

c. deep

d. chest type +

e. abdominal type +

3 There are the following ways to supply oxygen …

a. supply of oxygen from an oxygen bag +

b. oxygen supply through nasal catheters +

c. oxygen supply through a mask

d. oxygen supply through a pocket inhaler

e. hyperbaric oxygenation +

4 The lower limit of normal blood pressure is …

a. 100/60 mmHg +

b. 80/50 mmHg

c. 130/80 mmHg

d. 110/70 mmHg

e. 140/90 mmHg

5 The central pulse is determined on …

a. radial artery

b. inguinal artery

c. popliteal artery

d. dorsal foot arteries

e. carotid +

6 When irritating gases are inhaled, a cough occurs as a result of …

a. thermal stimulation of cough receptors +

b. mechanical stimulation of cough receptors

c. inflammatory stimulation of cough receptors

d. chemical stimulation of cough receptors

7 For hygienic reasons, patients who produce sputum should collect it …

a. in a spittoon with a tightly screwed lid +

b. in a handkerchief

c. in a glass jar

d. spit in the sink

e. in a petri dish

8 For which test is sputum collected in a sterile Petri dish…

a. to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis

b. for general sputum analysis

c. to detect atypical cells

d. for determination of microflora +

9 Sputum is collected for the following tests…

a. for biochemical research

b. for determination of microflora +

c. general sputum analysis +

d. to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis +

e. to detect atypical cells

10 The normal respiratory rate is…

a. 8-12 breaths per minute.

b. 16-20 breaths per minute. +

c. 12-16 breaths per minute.

d. 20-24 breaths per minute.

11 Breathing slows down…

a. with nervous excitement

b. in a horizontal position of a person +

c. physical activity

d. in a dream +

12 Causes of coughing are as follows…

a. chemical irritation of the bronchi +

b. thermal irritation of the bronchi +

c. inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs +

d. mechanical irritation of the bronchi +

e. kidney disease

13 The cough can be…

a. deep

b. wet

c. dry +

d. wet +

e. surface

14 In case of an attack of suffocation, it is necessary to do …

a. release the chest from compression +

b. provide oxygen supply +

c. give ice cubes to swallow

d. reassure the patient

e. put the patient to bed

15 What color are the cylinders with medical oxygen marked …

a. blue +

b. unmarked

c. yellow

d. green

e. red

16 To alleviate the patient’s condition during suffocation, it is necessary …

a. calm the patient +

b. give a warm drink

c. put the patient to bed

d. provide access to fresh air in the room +

e. wrap up the patient

17 Under shortness of breath understand the following changes …

a. changes in respiratory rate +

b. changes in breathing rhythm +

c. violation of the ratio of the phases of inhalation and exhalation +

d. changes in the depth of breathing

e. increased oxygen concentration in the blood

18 Increased breathing occurs when …

a. in a dream +

b. nervous excitement

c. in a horizontal position of a person +

d. physical activity

19 Where medical oxygen cylinders are stored…

a. in the ward

b. in a special room in the department

c. in the basement of the hospital

d. in the treatment room

e. taken out of the hospital +

20 When cold air is inhaled, a cough occurs as a result of …

a. mechanical stimulation of cough receptors

b. inflammatory stimulation of cough receptors

c. thermal stimulation of cough receptors

d. chemical irritation of cough receptors +

21 With calm breathing, a person inhales and exhales on average in one respiratory movement …

a. 1000 cc air

b. 300 cc air

c. 800 cc air

d. 100 cu. see air

e. 500 cc air +

22 The number of pulse waves in 1 minute is called …

a. pulse tension

b. pulse rate

c. pulse height

d. pulse rhythm

e. pulse filling +

23 Depending on the violation of the respiratory phase, the following types of shortness of breath are distinguished …

a. deep

b. inspiratory +

c. expiratory dyspnea +

d. superficial

e. mixed shortness of breath +

24 The following diseases can lead to shortness of breath …

a. hepatitis

b. pneumonia +

c. acute bronchitis

d. pulmonary tuberculosis

25 The upper limit of normal blood pressure is …

a. 80/50 mmHg

b. 110/70 mmHg

c. 100/60 mmHg

d. 139/89 mmHg +

e. 130/80 mmHg

Test tasks for topic number 6

1 A pathologically increased feeling of hunger up to irresistible voracity is called …

a. bulimia +

b. picacism

c. anorexia

d. flatulence

2 Pain localized in the right hypochondrium, radiating throughout the abdomen, to the right shoulder and interscapular space, characterizes …

a. renal colic

b. hepatic (biliary) colic

c. pancreatic colic +

d. intestinal colic

Pain localized in the epigastric region, radiating to the left hypochondrium and left shoulder blade, characterizes …

a. pancreatic colic

3 Entry into the lower respiratory tract with a current of air while inhaling liquid or various foreign bodies is called …

a. aspiration +

b. vomit

c. asphyxia

d. nausea

4 During vomiting, the patient must do …

a. put on back +

b. put the pelvis on the floor

c. give a half-sitting position +

d. throw your head back

e. bow your head +

5 Constipation with increased intestinal motility, when segmental bowel movements predominate over longitudinal ones, preventing the transport of intestinal contents, is called …

a. atonic constipation +

b. spastic constipation

6 The main causes of flatulence are as follows …

a. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract +

b. psychogenic factors

c. intestinal paresis +

d. the use of foods that contribute to increased gas formation in the intestines +

7 Characteristics of peritoneal pain …

a. sharp, cutting pains +

b. intensify with a change in body position +

c. accompanied by tension of the abdominal wall +

d. aching pains that have a diffuse character

8 Complete loss of appetite is called…

a. picacism

b. bulimia

c. flatulence

d. anorexia +

9 Symptoms characteristic of chronic constipation…

a. avitaminosis

b. less than three bowel movements per week

c. dehydration

d. sensation of incomplete evacuation of intestinal contents +

e. fragmented and/or hard stools +

Question 10

a. pancreatic colic

b. renal colic

c. intestinal colic

d. biliary colic

11 Characteristics of visceral pain in the abdomen …

a. cramping pains +

b. aching pains that have a diffuse character +

c. sharp, cutting pains

d. accompanied by strong tension of the abdominal wall

e. aggravated by changes in body position

12 Clinical manifestations of gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient …

a. dizziness

b. decrease in blood pressure +

c. redness of the skin

d. increased blood pressure

e. pallor of the skin +

13 What kind of diarrhea is characterized by scanty stools, in small portions, often “spitting”, mixed with mucus or blood …

a. enteral diarrhea +

b. colitis diarrhea

c. :

14 Helping a patient with gastrointestinal bleeding …

a. give water to drink

b. raise the foot end of the bed +

c. raise the head of the bed

d. stop talking +

e. strict bed rest +

15 Bloating as a result of excessive accumulation of gases in the digestive tract and a violation of their excretion is called …

a. flatulence +

b. anorexia

c. picacism

d. bulimia

16 A painful sensation in the epigastric region, pharynx and oral cavity is called …

a. aspiration

b. nausea +

c. belching

d. vomit

17 Swallowing excess air followed by belching is called…

a. heartburn

b. vomit

c. aerophagy +

d. nausea

e. belching

18 What kind of diarrhea is characterized by abundant, liquid stools, yellow-green in color, 3-6 times a day …

a. colitis diarrhea

b. enteral diarrhea +

19 Visceral pain in the abdomen occurs when …

a. violation of the motor function of the digestive tract

b. lesions of the nervous system +

c. involvement in the painful process of the peritoneum

d. kidney disease

20 The main causes of diarrhea are as follows…

a. use of laxatives +

b. psychogenic factors +

c. low calorie diet

d. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract +

e. dysbacteriosis +

21 Constipation as a result of weakness of the intestinal muscles and reduced irritability of the intestinal wall with a delay of intestinal contents in the large intestine up to 7 days or more is called …

a. atonic constipation +

b. spastic constipation

22 The involuntary eruption of stomach contents through the mouth is called…

a. aspiration

b. heartburn

c. belching

d. nausea

e. vomiting +

23 Peritoneal pain in the abdomen occurs when …

a. kidney disease

b. involvement in the painful process of the peritoneum +

c. nervous system lesions

d. violation of the motor function of the digestive tract

24 Perversion of appetite, expressed in the desire to eat inedible substances, is called …

a. flatulence

b. picacism +

c. bulimia

d. anorexia

25 Frequent, sudden onset (cramping) attacks of pain that are felt in various parts of the abdomen, accompanied by flatulence and relieved after passing gases, characterize …

a. renal colic

b. pancreatic colic

c. intestinal colic +

d. biliary colic

26 A painful burning sensation behind the breastbone or in the epigastric region, often extending up to the pharynx, is called …

a. belching

b. heartburn +

c. aerophagia

d. vomit

e. nausea

27 Complications of prolonged diarrhea include…

a. loss of electrolytes

b. intestinal infections

c. intestinal paresis

d. dehydration +

28 Sudden involuntary, sometimes resounding discharge through the mouth of air accumulated in the stomach or esophagus is called …

a. nausea

b. heartburn

c. vomit

d. aerophagia

e. burp +

Test tasks for topic number 7

1 Polyuria occurs when …

a. enhanced drinking mode +

b. physical activity

c. increase in edema

d. jade +

e. pregnancy +

2 First aid for renal colic includes …

a. ice pack on the lumbar region

b. oxygen therapy

c. hot bath +

d. antibiotic use

e. wearing a corset

3 Diuresis, in which the amount of urine excreted prevails over the amount of liquid drunk is called …

a. negative

b. reinforced

c. reduced

d. neutral

e. positive +

4 Urine is collected in a sterile tube with a stopper for the next study …

a. general urine analysis

b. Zimnitsky test

c. bacteriological examination of urine +

d. Nechiporenko test

5 Urine is collected during the day for the next study …

a. Zimnitsky test +

b. general urine analysis

c. bacteriological examination of urine

d. Nechiporenko test

6 Daily diuresis is normally …

a. 1000-2000 ml +

b. 2000-3000 ml

c. 500-1000 ml

d. over 2000 ml

e. 3000-4000 ml

7 Diuresis, in which the amount of fluid drunk prevails over the amount of urine excreted is called …

a. negative +

b. reinforced

c. neutral

d. positive

e. reduced

8 The daily amount of urine excreted by an adult is normal, on average, from the fluid taken orally …

a. 35-50%

b. 80-95%

c. 50-80%+

d. 20-35%

e. 100%

9 During the Zimnitsky test, urine is collected …

a. in 3 banks

b. in 2 banks

c. in 1 jar

d. in 8 cans +

e. in 6 cans

10 The predominance of nocturnal diuresis over daytime is called …

a. strangury

b. nocturia +

c. ischuria

d. pollakiuria

e. dysuria

11 Painful difficulty urinating is called…

a. nocturia

b. pollakiuria

c. strangury +

d. ischuria

e. dysuria

12 To detect infectious and inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, …

a. bacteriological examination of urine +

b. Zimnitsky’s test

c. Nechiporenko’s test

d. general urine analysis

13 The inability to empty the bladder, despite the overflow of urine, is called …

a. ischuria +

b. nocturia

c. dysuria

d. pollakiuria

e. strangury

14 An increase in the daily amount of urine more than 2000 ml is called …

a. dysuria

b. polyuria +

c. anuria

d. oliguria

15 Frequent urination (more than 6-7 times a day) is called …

a. strangury

b. pollakiuria +

c. nocturia

d. dysuria

e. ischuria

16 Oliguria is observed with …

a. jade +

b. enhanced drinking regimen

c. pregnancy

d. shock +

e. physical activity

17 Anuria can develop with…

a. enhanced drinking regimen

b. kidney failure +

c. physical activity

d. with compression of the ureters by a tumor +

e. decrease in blood pressure +

18 Reducing the amount of urine excreted per day is less than 500 ml and is called …

Choose one answer.

a. polyuria

b. dysuria

c. oliguria +

d. anuria

19 For the quantitative determination of leukocytes, erythrocytes and cylinders in the urine, …

a. Zimnitsky’s test

b. general urine analysis

c. bacteriological examination of urine

d. Nechiporenko test +

20 The failure of urine to enter the bladder is called…

a. dysuria

b. anuria +

c. oliguria

d. polyuria

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.