1. Read the dialogue between a polite passer-by and an atypical bully. Find phraseological units, clarify their meaning with the help of a phraseological dictionary. For what purpose are they used? How often do you use them in speech?

Atypical bully: Bah! What kind of people! My friend is back! Very, very glad to see you, courteous sir. Sit down with me on the most comfortable squats, there is no truth in your legs!

Courteous passer-by: And good day to you, dear! It seemed to me that you and I were at odds… Your courtesy makes me blush.

NH: Oh come on, what kind of knives are there? I didn’t want to tease you, I’m an honest thief. And in this honesty, I hasten to offer you a business. Rather than spit on the ceiling, let’s better visit one wonderful place, a stronghold of milk rivers and jelly banks.

WP: Oh knight of the sad image, I suspect that your ideas will once again be fruitless. If I understand correctly what you are talking about here, then they will give us a bath there, not otherwise.

NH: What are you, my friend, this time I used my brains and reasoned that we could break the bank. Without hesitation, my dear, the Golden Calf awaits us in this most interesting business!

UP: You’re really sprinkling my path with Attic salt. Decided to circle around your finger? It wasn’t there! After all, having stuck our head in there, we will get healthy, perish like an obra.

NH: Oh what the fuck? I assure you we can take over this stupid world.

UP: What’s wrong with you, you’d better pull yourself together! Than to breed turuses on wheels, better take your mind!

NH: But you’re biting your elbows by refusing my offer! Losing sight of this opportunity, you lose a lot!

UP: Don’t you know that this is the talk of the town? How many courts and conversations around this businessman! Please, let’s not trade the cuckoo for the hawk. Take off your rose-colored glasses and finally take your mind! And advising me not to lose sight of anything, it is better not to lose sight of the road you are going …

2. Open the brackets and decline the numbers, as well as the names and surnames.

a) “Journey of the robot Machine and his friends”

In the year 2050, the Robot Machine with 567 of his friends decided to travel through time. They took 567 tubes of food, boxes of 567 pencils to draw what they see, and traveled back to 2016 with 567 packets of Mama Machine’s signature cookies.

Arriving in 2016, they got to the childhood holiday on the first of June and decided to stay. At the celebration, they met 273 guests and danced beautifully. Machineboy danced with 67 girls, and then he was asked to play the piano, which he did very well with his 777 fingers.

b) The art of mosaic appeared more than 5569 years ago. The first drawings were assembled from 25-40 parts, then from 228-359. Its evolution continues to this year 2015. In 1994, the first official tournament “951159” was held in Spain to create paintings from domino figures under the direction of (Luis Carlos Cuartero Lafargue). The mosaic had to consist of at least 906,584 elements. The tournament lasted about 948 hours. The Japanese team led by the captain (Hanako Watanabe) won: the picture of the Japanese consisted of 6,869,452 dominoes and 1986 images: 4 streets, 26 barnyards, 476 buildings, 124 people, 971 animals and 385 roads and paths. The area of the drawing is 2499 km 2 (length 51 km, width 49 km). The presentation of this mosaic lasted approximately 1980 seconds.

c) 64-year-old Anna Andreevna Boltzmann, as usual, was sitting in her favorite chair with a 135-year history, which she inherited from her great-grandmother in 1915. The chair was next to the window on the 1st floor of her 4-story house, built by 231 workers about 38 years ago. A mesmerizing picture opened up outside the window. One could see flowerbeds with 78 peonies, 67 roses, 44 nasturtiums, 182 daisies, which the hostess loved so much. The plot, with an area of more than 456 acres, was planted with 152 shrubs and 83 trees. In her hands Anna Andreevna held a book written on 783 pages, with satires (Nicola Boileau). She had a lot of books: the library consisted of 2386 editions, which were carefully arranged on 59 shelves in the largest room of about 70 square meters. On the shelves one could find books (Grace Aguilar), (Jules Verne), (Laza Kostic), (Djura Jaksic), (Maria Lipsius), (Jean de La Fontaine), (Francois de La Rochefoucauld), (Jean Baptiste Racine), ( Jean La Bruyère) and many other authors. She prided herself on her rather peculiar collection of books. Often three of her closest friends came to visit Anna Andreevna. The hostess was always happy (Olga Antonovna Batrak), (Zhanna Grigoryevna Kafka) and (Daria Semyonovna Golub). They spent many hours drinking tea with homemade buns, reading books, playing checkers or long conversations about a life well lived.

d) In 986 kingdoms, 541 states, which was located 235 lands from St. Petersburg, there lived a rather strange king. They called him Innocent 1733 puzzled. And everything was fine with him. He gave 88 sons cars with flashing lights, married about 73 daughters. On this, the treasury dried up, and he sent 10 offspring to the 99th kingdom in the army, after which he was infinitely happy for about 0.1 months.

However, one unfortunate fact saddened him. He knew how to count only up to 169 and, sending out postcards, he could not congratulate 170 and 171 children in any way. But both offspring did not care much, because they drove happily ever after in comfortable cars and died on one 5645783 day.

e) Once the Kid was sitting in his room and was bored. Suddenly he heard a strange buzzing outside the window and saw a strange little man flying into the room. “Hi, my name is Carlson,” he shouted. Then Carlson saw a picture on the wall and said that there were 1567 such pictures in his house on the roof, as well as 467 beds and 735 chairs. “But what are you doing with 1567 paintings, 467 beds and 735 chairs?” asked the Kid. “What are you doing with the 292 stamps that are on your desk?” “I collect them,” answered the Kid. “And I also collect, because I am the best collector of beds in the world!” shouted Carlson.

“What else do you have?” asked the Kid. “It’s full of everything without which I simply could not live! Well, what would I do with 429 pillows, without 2784 jam jars and without 810 shells? “I don’t know,” the Kid answered honestly.

“Well, everything, I have to go. Hi baby!”

g) 86-year-old grandmother Coruso, 62 years earlier the first beauty in the village of Ukulore, located 247 km from the famous 11-blade mill, likes to go to her hacienda on foot. There she harvests 75 kg of tomatoes, about 14.83 (poods) of potatoes and almost 917 ounces of excellent celery. Coruso was the first lady to open her cafe in Ukulor in 1843. And it is famous for its amazing dish, which won the hearts of 348 regular and 2498 casual visitors, the recipe of which is as follows: “A dozen green fried tomatoes stewed with 36 spinach leaves in a sauce of 258 grams of sweet pepper.” To taste fried green tomatoes come from the 24 nearest villages, which are located at a distance of at least 13 or even 18 kilometers. In general, no less than 348 guests consider the grandmother the best cook of the last 48 years. Every evening, Grandma Coruso’s 385 recipes are added to by new ones that she comes up with while walking about 2480 meters to the house or enjoying 246 grams of goat’s milk before bed.


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[1] This is still happening with the stress in the words blinds , uncork and many others.

[2] Dictionaries began to record the variability in the last word quite recently, but we can already talk about the equality of both options, because quite authoritative dictionaries note either the only possible variant of stress – on A (which was unacceptable until quite recently), or they give both options as literary.

[3] This is what happens today with the word bewildered/bewildered ; so it was with the word meatballswhen the first edition of this guide was published: Dictionary of the culture of oral and written speech, St. Petersburg: Papyrus, 1996. Co-author. with B.M. Zolik, A.B. Cherepenin . Today, the stress in it is recognized as variable in many dictionaries. In this dictionary, for the first time, the admissibility of the variability of the gender of the word slipper (colloquial – slippers) was indicated, which is now recognized by many dictionaries.

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